Advice 1: How to wear the cast

Unfortunately, broken bones are nothing new. And in order that the bones are healed quickly and correctly, it is necessary to fix them in the desired position. Of course, GIPS is not the most convenient decoration, but the treatment of fractures without him is impossible. So to avoid discomfort when wearing it, you should consider some of the subtleties.
How to wear the cast
First, immediately after applying the gypsumand spend some time in the emergency room or the hospital, trying to calm down and feel comfortable whether gypsum. If you experience discomfort, immediately tell your doctor and ask him to redo the bandage, because experiencing discomfort, you will unwittingly try to change the position of the broken limb, which will lead to poor bone bonding.
The plaster should not be tight and compromise circulation, you will feel it immediately. Poor circulation leads to diseases of blood vessels, poor delivery of nutrients and even tissue death. At the same time the plaster is in any case should not be free - every restored limb movements can lead to the fact that the bones cease to grow, and the entire recovery process will take a very long time.
If you have a complex fracture with displacement of bone or fracture of the composite bone (e.g., tibia), then the wearing of the plasterand should be treated with all responsibility. You'll probably need to do the control x-rays more often and, therefore, more likely to pay a visit to the doctor.
Everyone knows how much of discomfort is a common washing process, if you have a limb in plasterE. However to wet the bandage should not in any case, and if the plaster is still exposed to water, you should immediately blot up the moisture, wipe the plaster is dry and dry it in the air. Then you need a neat tapped to probe the bandage: do not lost it its hardness?
Gypsum should be clean and tidy, it can't be duct tape or other air-tight materials, since it is not quite hygienic: the skin will sweat and it will actively multiplying microbes. It is not excluded occurrence of an unpleasant smell.
From gypsumand has a tendency to crumble, which is why patients so often find on his bed of crumbs and dust from dressing. To deal with this phenomenon is quite difficult and all you can do is to choose the most comfortable position for sleeping, regularly change the sheets and try to move in her sleep as little as possible. Don't be afraid to take before bed a few drops of a sedative. During sleep, the cast is also quite often broken, so the choice of comfortable postures - the first case.
Sometimes the plaster leaves marks on clothes, reminiscent of dust or chalk. In most cases this is a consequence of the wet bandage, so don't forget about thorough protection from the rain. Try to wear clothes in light and pastel colours, where the marks are not as noticeable.
If the fracture occurred in the leg on plaster in any case it is impossible to advance. Make sure you use a cane or crutches. Remember that plaster is a surprisingly fragile material, and break it quite easily.

Advice 2 : How to apply and remove the gypsum

Of course, it is best that the plaster was applied and removed by a doctor. But in some cases still need to know how to do it right.

For fractures apply the so-called liquid bandage. In these cases, you need to put a cast on directly on the skin. After the plaster will be applied, in 20 minutes, it should slightly harden. However, finally it will harden a little later. Usually after the x-rays look if everything is correctly connected. If there is any bias, it is necessary to remove the plaster and do it all over again.

After a specified physician period of use gypsum, better yourself not to shoot but to seek help from a specialist. Primarily, this is due to the fact that it is necessary to repeat the order to make sure that everything is in order and also get the advice of a doctor about to how to further treat the site of fracture for proper healing.

To put a cast on, you'll appreciate

  • Gypsum powder

  • Bandages in different widths up to three meters

  • Warm water

  1. To check the quality of the powder, mix some plaster with water in a ratio of 1:1.

  2. After five to seven minutes to check if the ground hardens. If so, the powder is of good quality.

  3. Make sure that the plaster was white in color and was finely milled.

  4. Then it is necessary to gradually unwind the bandage and every forty centimeters to RUB in the cast arm.

  5. Loosely wrap the bandages promgipsovaya

  6. It is necessary to heat the water to 40 degrees Celsius.

  7. If you want to slow down the process of hardening of plaster, you can add a three percent solution of glycerin.

  8. Lower in the pelvis the bandage, so that the water completely covers them.

  9. Wait until the bandage is completely soaked.

  10. The bandage should be slightly wring out and impose it in accordance with all medical requirements.

  11. When applying the bandage tape should slightly overlap at one end.

  12. Periodically straighten the formed folds.

  13. At the end of the procedure to wait 20 minutes for the plaster hardened a little.

  14. After perform x-ray control.

  15. If there is displacement, it is necessary to remove the plaster and make it right.

Advice 3 : When remove the plaster

In most cases the plaster is overlaid by the trauma for a period of not less than one month. Recovery of bone after fracture often depends on the age of the patient. The older a person is, the longer the recovery period.
When remove the plaster
On average, the process of bone bonding takes place in the period to 25 days. In comminuted fractures the recovery process takes longer, as originally produced hood bone, and after a plaster.

People of retirement age can wear a cast for up to three months, because with age the restoration of bone tissue protekaet much slower. On the wear time of plaster can be affected by various diseases, which disrupt the bone formation or inhibit mineral metabolism. For example, when collagenoses recovery time of damaged bone is increased at least twice.

How many get the cast off?

The patient can remove, imposed by the therapist to the cast at home. However, this can only happen with the direct instruction of a physician. He should recommend to the patient the exact period the plaster is removed. In addition, the patient after removal of plaster is necessary to undergo a medical check and, if necessary, to carry out the rehabilitation procedure. In most cases, they are mandatory, if the plaster was applied for a period of more than a month. For such a long period of human muscles time to atrophy, and it becomes difficult to perform their direct functions.

How to remove a cast at home?

The therapist puts a plaster on the retaining bandage. To remove it using one of two methods: the use of maceration or dry method. For removal of plaster the second method you need to use scissors or a sharp knife, and in some cases cutters. Scissors or a knife must make the incision in the direction upwards from the inner side of the plaster. When removing the plaster it is necessary to observe safety precautions. Cuts should be done gradually, slowly. In no case do not need to make cuts, keeping the knife sharp side to the body.

After complete cutting of gypsum comes the most unpleasant part — of its immediate removal. The plaster sticks to the hair on the limbs. It is necessary to tear off abruptly, as his gradual withdrawal will bring a lot more pain.

On the part of the body, which was covered with plaster, can be bruising. For the speedy recovery of damaged areas use special ointments which will allow the bruising to resolve faster.

To remove plaster, pre soak it is much easier. It needs a few minutes to hold in the warm water, after which it can easily succumb to cutting with scissors. In addition, the process of withdrawal will not be so painful.

Advice 4 : Some of the plaster bandage applied for fractures

A fracture is a partial or total breach of the integrity of the bone. Proper immobilization of the affected area is the most important principle of fracture treatment. There are several varieties of plaster bandages.
Some of the plaster bandage applied for fractures
According to the type of application of the plaster bandage can be Besplatnie and lining. Besplatnie are applied directly on the skin, and only the bony protrusions covered by a thin layer of cotton wool. This gypsuming can lead to pressure sores and pinching of the soft tissues, so often apply backing plaster bandage. For their applying on the affected limb, wearing an elastic bandage, and then cover it with a layer of wool and the usual bandage. On a soft basis of a plaster bandage.
Depending on the form of bandages that provide: longyou, circular, longato-circular, plaster corsets and plaster bed.
Longerie plaster bandage is widely used for the immobilization (immobilization) of limbs in the treatment of simple fractures. Before gypsuming the doctor forms a plaster trough that covers half or a third of the width of the limb, and then plaster strapped conventional soft bandage. Longerie bandages are good that allow you to avoid complications arising from swelling in a limb after trauma.
Circular plaster bandage used for the treatment of complex multisplintered fractures or certain diseases of the joints. This bandage covers a limb around the entire circumference and it fixes securely in position. Often in the gypsum penetrate the Windows, to be able to monitor the status of the affected limb or doing the puncture. Usually used the lining circular bandage.
Loreto circular bandage used for the treatment of complex injuries of the shoulder, femur, intraarticular fractures and diseases of large joints. Such a cast is partly from the splint, circular bandages and a corset.
The plaster corset is layered to treat injuries of the spine or tuberculous lesions. The corsets are of different sizes. When damage to the cervical spine corset needs to fix the head, neck, shoulders and chest. When spinal injury in verhnegrudnom Department need to fix the chin, the back of the head, neck, thorax, abdomen and pelvis. Trauma of the lumbar spine corset needs to grab the chest, abdomen and pelvis. Such a bandage is applied in a standing position, and all the time of treatment, a person can walk.
Gypsum bed is used to treat severe fractures of the spine and covered from head to mid thigh. Gypsuming is performed in the supine position. First, the patient is placed on the abdomen and cover the head, torso, hips, two layers of gauze. Then stack the first layer of gypsum and it is well modeled that it follows the shape of the trunk and spine. Similarly, plaster applied 5-6 layers. As soon as the bed dries up a bit, it is removed and trimmed, for example, do the clipping in the area of shoulder joints, buttocks. Dry bed for 5-6 days. Then she placed the patient.
Is the advice useful?