Advice 1: How to treat an ankle fracture

Fracture of the ankle is divided into several categories. The treatment is carried out depending on the type of fracture and can be both conservative and operative, as well as stationary. If you suspect that you sustained a fracture, which may manifest itself in the form of sharp or dull pain, swelling, redness, immediately consult a doctor-traumatologist.
How to treat an ankle fracture
You will need
  • - immediately address to the doctor-the traumatologist;
  • - x-ray;
  • conservative, surgical or hospital treatment.
Instruction
1
You take an x-ray and put a cast. But this is only the case if the fracture has displacement in the injured place was cracked. Before the plaster in place large hematoma will introduce a solution of novocaine.
2
Gypsum can only be applied at the fracture, but most often imposed so-called boot when the toes remain free, and the site of fracture and is fixed above the dense plaster. Immediately after the imposition of the latch you will again conduct a test of the x-ray as the joints on the ankle is susceptible to bias. Treatment outpatient appoint, and it can last from 6 to 12 weeks depending on the fracture. That is, the more cracks or fractures, the longer you will have to wear a cast.
3
If the fracture is accompanied by dislocation, before applying the fixing plaster will produce a reduction of the dislocation. This is done with the help of the surgeon's hands, without the use of any tools. Reposition is performed under local anesthesia and may end as well, and not give result.
4
If the offset is extensive, and while there is a strong dislocation, you hospitalitynet, hold the hood and insert the spokes. The hood will have to lie, 4-5 weeks without getting up. After the specified time is repeated x-ray, a plaster, again the. In this case, the disability is delayed for a period up to 6 months.
5
Surgical treatment can be administered in the presence of fragments of bones, whether the failed reduction of the dislocation or displacement, with an open fracture and if the bone is not fused or grown together properly.
6
After treatment you will be given physiotherapy, medical gymnastics, daily fixation with an elastic bandage for 12 months. The ankle cannot be loaded, overtax, wear shoes with a heel, lift weights. Can also prescribe a course of vitamin therapy and follow-up examination.

Advice 2: How to develop a foot with the broken ankle

Proper and timely treatment of the fractureand any limb can provide a complete restoration of its functions without any complications or consequences. This statement also applies to the ankle, a fracture which, in the opinion of many, makes a man limping for life. With the implementation of certain recommendations can be restore functions of the lower part of the leg completely and with no "loss" in the shortest possible time.
How to develop a foot with the broken ankle
Instruction
1
Need daily soft massage. Despite the fact that the leg is not used, the best way to maintain mobility and function of the foot is to constantly remind her of its existence. Gentle movements lead in the area of the fracture and the entire inactive area of the feet, you see cells, so they "didn't sleep", the easier they will then Wake up.
2
Take a daily multivitamin. It is no secret that vitamins help the body to work properly and in full force. In moments of weakness of the body (for example, when the fracture of the leg) he especially could use the help in Supplement form.
How to develop leg fracture <strong><b>ankle</b></strong>
3
Perebintovany leg with an elastic bandage every day and spend time healing walking. With the aid of crutches to move around the house, gradually increasing the load on the leg. Do it very carefully! You may not feel any pain until the very moment of re-fracture or you can just move the bone, causing incorrect splicing. After you will be able to stand fully on the foot, can go to walk with a cane.
4
Don't forget to get checked out by your doctor and repeat x-rays to trace the dynamics of splicing bones. At the time of walk with a cane and even on the first time without it, it is advisable to purchase a special plastic, silicone or fabric locking Shoe that allows the foot to move. This will speed up and secure the healing process.
How to develop leg fracture <strong><b>ankle</b></strong>

Advice 3: How to treat a broken finger

Fractures of the toes can occur due to the action of direct trauma to include exposure to moving machinery, shock, drop a heavy object and so on). In order to recognize a fracture, you need to be based on any of the following symptoms: pain at any point when compression of the hands in a fist, the crunch of bone fragments, swelling of the back of the hand or of fingers, deformation (curvature of the fingers), and limitation of movement.
How to treat a broken finger
Instruction
1
Before you start the treatment of the fracture, give the injured man first aid. It is in transport immobilization. Fracture of the phalanges of the fingers make it in the following sequence: first give the damaged hand position, which is typical for fracture of the upper extremities, and then craft the splint (it should be in the form of troughs). Apply it starting from the elbow and ending with the fingertips (it is best if the bus will even go beyond them). In the gutter you have to put a cotton rug, a hand clamped tight ball, made of gauze or cotton wool. Next, firmly bandage the tire and hang it on the scarf. In that case, if the fracture is open, prior to transport immobilization treat the wound, apply a sterile dressing.
2
Before you start the treatment of the fracture, the physician should establish an accurate diagnosis using x-rays (usually done at least two pictures). It not only precise localization of the fracture, his character, but also show the direction of the displacement of bone fragments. After performing surgical treatment, or mapping fragments is assigned to control x-ray. This is done in order to check whether the treatment, and if so, how. The following will need to be done after ten-twelve days from the date of injury. The fact that in this period there is reduction of tissue edema, but there is a danger that bone fragments can be displaced. The results of the treatment (i.e. fracture healing) specialist determines if an x-ray, but after removing the plaster cast.
3
By the way, the mapping of fragments to spend as soon as possible, because it affects the result of the treatment (not later than on the second day after the injury). The mapping procedure is usually performed under local anesthesia (i.e., to numb only the affected area). After this manipulation (if all goes well) the patient applied the plaster bandage. As a rule, existing bone fragments fixed with special spokes (one or two) on a three-week period. After this period, the spokes will extract, but the plaster cast will leave for another two weeks. As soon as it will be removed, prescribed physiotherapy, exercise therapy.

Advice 4: How to treat cracked toes

Causes of cracks on the fingers of the feet can be many – a violation lipid layer of the skin, diaper rash of the skin of the foot, wearing synthetic socks, diabetes, which is very adverse effect on the skin of the feet, and of course, a fungal infection. The cracks can be tiny, so deep, causing increasing pain. Therefore it is necessary to treat them until they are almost invisible.
How to treat cracked toes
You will need
  • - "Balm Of Shestakovskoe";
  • pine resin;
  • - carrot juice, vinegar essence;
  • - wine vinegar;
  • - propolis, ghee, pharmacy alcohol tincture of propolis.
Instruction
1
Consult a dermatologist to determine the causes of this defect of the skin of the feet. If this phenomenon is not associated with the fungal infection usually recommend emollients from vitamins A and E. Recommend a foot bath softening the skin from further treatment of wound healing creams. Worse, if it's a fungus. Here already it is necessary to use antifungal drugs like "not", "Nizoral", etc. In advanced cases, perhaps the use of antifungal drugs both topically and inside.
2
In painful cracks a great healing effect has the "Balm of shestakovskoe" (vinilin). A compress with chamomile at night get rid of the cracks in 1-3 treatments.
3
Perfectly heals such wounds 3-4-fold greasing them with pine tar.
4
Fungal infections can also use the recipes of traditional medicine. Mix fresh carrot juice with vinegar in proportion 1:1. Wrap a piece of cotton wool on a wooden stick and soaked it in the prepared mixture lubricate the affected places. Pre-foot wash, to steam in the soda solution (2 liters of water 2 tablespoons of baking soda), then wipe dry and lubricate.
5
For athlete's foot folk medicine recommends the use of wine vinegar. Legs pre-washed, stripped and treated with a pumice stone. Then immerse the feet in warm vinegar for 10-12 minutes. To go to bed in socks soaked in wine vinegar. The course of treatment 3-5 procedures. It is not recommended to perform such treatments for patients with diabetes.
6
In fungal infections of feet and fissures on your fingers effective is the treatment. First treat foot alcohol tincture of propolis (pharmaceutical preparation), and then massage into the skin an ointment propolis. For its preparation take 50 grams of melted butter, chop it, and add the grated propolis – 10 grams. Place the plates with the prepared composition in a water bath and, stirring constantly, bring to dissolve the propolis in the oil. Pour the prepared lotion in a jar that you store in the refrigerator. This ointment to lubricate and just for healing cracks, abrasions, and burns.
Note
If the cause of the cracks on the toes a fungal infection, you must treat all shoes with antifungal drugs, otherwise follow re-infection.

Advice 5: How long heal fractures

When such trouble as a bone fracture victim, of course, want to be together. The accretion of the fracture may be slow or fast, but it is not dependent on taking drugs, as some patients, and many other factors.
How long heal fractures
You will need
  • - surgeon;
  • - therapeutic exercises.
Instruction
1
For coalescence of bones after a fracture, no exact dates not established. Bones are fused individually, and the process is faster the stronger the body. Young people and children fractures heal faster than elderly patients. Standards in such matters no. Sometimes bones heal in a few weeks, sometimes a couple of months. In some especially severe cases, bones can grow together at all for a year and a half.
2
Not always the treatment of fractures depends on the age. The importance and the General condition of the patient the level of strength of the immune system, existing chronic diseases. Time frame for bone healing depends on what kind of concrete fracture, as in this area of injured soft tissue, what is the state of bone fragments, blood flow in areas of the fracture, how well the operation was performed, if the addition and the bone fixation was performed surgically.
3
To accelerate fusion of bone after fracture, it is important the right attitude of the patient to treatment. Normally after casting, the doctor says what time it is staged. At this time it will be necessary to provide good care to the location of the fracture. For example, if a broken arm or leg, the limb should not be too intense to move – so fragments can become dislodged, and the healing of the bone may be incorrect. With every awkward movement the process of accretion and slowed the recovery.
4
The fracture will heal better and faster if the patient is actively moving and enjoys a broken limb – of course, within reasonable limits. If you keep a limb immobile, fusion not only slow down, but complications can occur – bedsores, for example. But it should be remembered that excessive mobility is not less harmful – bone fragments may be displaced, which slows down or even eliminates the final fusion.
Note
The fracture will heal faster if he's alone. If the fractures are multiple, some may heal slower than others. Some bones heal fairly quickly, for example, the neck of the humerus, the lower end of the radius, the clavicle. Others can grow much slower – navicular, tibial, calcaneal.

There is a faster coalescence of these bones, which is surrounded by a large array of muscles. For trabecular bone structure healing is faster than for dense. Slower and worse will go to the bone, located inside the joint.
Useful advice
If you need to replace the plaster cast, must be done by a surgeon, not an assistant or nurse.

Advice 6: How long to heal a fracture

The human skeleton accounts for about 20% of the total weight of the body. Supported by muscles, it protects the internal organs. Despite the incredible strength, the bones of the skeleton are not always able to withstand the exerted on the load, as a result of bumps and falls can cause fractures, requiring much time for its healing.
How long to heal a fracture
Instruction
1
Human bones can withstand quite a heavy load. In particular, the femoral bone is able to hold up to five tons of cargo without deformation. And fractures no one is immune. Depending on an impact, a fracture may be a normal fracture, closed form and open fracture, when the bone is crushed into small pieces, damaging the soft tissue. The younger the person, the more flexibility possess his bones, and so the stronger they are and less susceptible to fractures.
2
The life of a man with a broken radically changed for the worse. The inability to do normal things, to do their work, participate in activities, greatly complicates daily routines. No wonder people are wondering when they will be able to return to his former way of life. The speed of healing of a fracture depends on many factors. On average, doctors believe the normal period of 4 to 12 weeks. The older a person is, the longer it may last for healing. If the fracture does not grow for 4-6 months, doctors say about the so-called pseudarthrosis - a disease characterized by loss of the ability to fusion of the bones.
3
The complexity of the fracture also affects the speed of his healing. The greater the damage, the harder the body to establish blood supply to the damaged bone, and hence the recovery will have to wait much longer. Equally important is the General state of the organism, and the presence in the diet of adequate nutrients, particularly calcium is a building material that gives the bones strength. Diabetes, Smoking, alcohol, obesity, anemia, or vascular disease can seriously slow down the healing process. And in some cases to prevent the coalescence of fracture can a patient take certain medications.
4
As quickly as possible to get back on his feet and back to normal life, the patient must perform the following recommendations:
- avoid alcohol and caffeine;
- to reduce the number of cigarettes smoked;
- to enter into the diet of calcium-rich dairy products;
- don't abuse pain meds means, take them only as directed by your doctor;
- take care of yourself and not to expose the bones of the premature load.
not to neglect physiotherapy.
All this will help not only to reduce the healing time of the fracture, but will be a great way of preventing new lesions of bone.

Advice 7: How to heal a broken ankle

A broken ankle is not such a rare phenomenon. Only unfortunate enough to stumble or twist an ankle injury occurs within seconds. But for healing you may need far more than one week.
How to heal a broken ankle
Instruction
1
Unlike other types of injuries, an ankle fracture often requires surgical treatment. How large was the intervention depends on many things, including the duration of restoration of function of the ankle joint. An ankle fracture is almost always associated with rupture of the periarticular ligaments, it also takes time for healing and a gradual adaptation to stress. During the operation, the bone fragments can be joined by means of special screws or metal plates, and the leg placed in a plaster cast or a special stabilizing bus. Necessary for wound stabilization, depending on how severe was the fracture usually lasts 4 to 6 weeks.
2
But the bone's healing does not mean the onset of recovery. It is only the first step towards a return to normal life. As soon as the doctors will remove the plaster and allow to expose the ankle small loads, it is necessary to start to do special exercises to restore the function of the ankle joint.
3
You should tune that the healing process will take quite a long time. The patient can begin to walk, leaning on a crutch or a cane, approximately 6 weeks after fracture. In a couple of weeks in the program working out feet to enable swimming and riding a stationary bike. Carefully start run allowed in 10 weeks, provided that the treadmill is very solid. But the player will have to wait at least 3-4 months before he can return to his beloved sport.
4
We should not forget about the complications that may be associated with ankle fracture. During operations, can be damaged nerves and blood vessels around the ankle joint that will necessarily impact on the sensitivity of the tissues, and the duration of their healing. And forced immobility quite often accompanied by the formation of blood clots in the injured foot, which in turn may lead to severe consequences.
5
If the fracture was damaged surrounding the ankle soft tissues, the healing process is also delayed until final healing. Besides, it is not necessary to forget and about possible mistakes in treatment that may result in the need for re-operations that immediately delays the recovery for a couple of months or even longer period.

Advice 8: How to treat a hip fracture

Fracture of neck of femur often happens in old age when due to numerous causes bones to become fragile due to the rarefaction of bone tissue. The young can sometimes be fractured only with a strong shock, such as during road traffic accidents or falls from a great height. Fractures are divided into several classifications and can lead to death. Treatment can be administered conservative, just in case, if surgery is contraindicated due to various reasons.
How to treat a hip fracture
Instruction
1
Forecasts for treatment of medial fractures is more disappointing than for the treatment of lateral fractures. Self-fusion of the medial fracture is practically excluded. Any classification of fractures differ from one another in the place of the fracture and its severity. There are 3 types of fractures of the neck, head and trochanter bone.
2
The first symptoms of a fracture is pain in the groin area, which increases with movement, the leg can be rotated outward and the limb shortened. In some cases, if the fracture is very severe, acute pain without specific localization. It seems to a person that is breaking the whole side, the groin, and he can no longer walk. If symptoms of fracture oiled in a few days it will be impossible to walk due to an acute inflammation, and the patient will be in bed with serious complications of the fracture.
3
At the first sign of fracture of the neck of the thigh need to go immediately to the hospital for diagnosis. If the patient cannot visit the clinic, it is necessary to put the patient to bed and call an ambulance. The most common method of diagnosis is an x-ray.
4
If the fracture is diagnosed, the patient is immediately hospitalityat and conduct preparatory work for the operation. What kind of operation is carried out, solves only the doctor based on the results of the survey. There are several types of surgical care, including hip replacement, metallosintez, osteosynthesis.
5
If there are contraindications to surgery, the doctor puts derotation boot that is not a guarantee of splicing, especially if the patient is elderly. Patient is discharged home, where it is necessary to provide appropriate care, to prevent bedsores. Pain medications are assigned and others, depending on the indications, patient's age and the intake of other essential medicines. If there are no contraindications, is assigned to products with calcium, vitamin complexes.
6
The patient needs to provide a balanced diet with a predominant content of vegetables, fruits and dairy products, as being in bed with no appetite, and poor work all the digestive and cleansing functions of the body. The drink should be plentiful.
7
Above the bed should organize a Balkan frame that will raise the sacrum to prevent pressure sores. Rationally buy anti-bedsore mattresses. According to statistics, with little care 80% of elderly patients with a fractured neck of femur die in the first year after the fracture, because the person becomes absolutely weak and without nursing care will not survive.
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