What is gypsum?
Gypsum is a powder of white or yellowish color, a mineral from the class of sulfates. It is obtained by calcination of gypsum (sulphate of lime) at a temperature not exceeding 130°C.
Gypsum provides a secure fit, quickly hardens. Thanks to these qualities, it is widely used in medical practice, being the basis of the plaster bandage.
Why is a plaster bandage?
Health workers plaster bandage, in order to ensure the immobilization of the injured area of the body. The cast is used for fractures, disruption of the functioning of musculoskeletal system.
Thanks, plaster technique, it is possible to fix the damaged area, for further recovery and treatment.
How to remove a plaster cast?
To free the cast part of the body is possible only when you are sure that the fracture has grown together. To verify this, it is best to do x-rays.
When removing the plaster should be extremely careful and attentive. You need to remember that muscles are weak and any sudden movement can cause pain.
For self-liberation from gypsum you need: warm water, towel, scissors with rounded tips.
To remove the plaster without medical attention and special tools, you need it to soften. For this, you need to wet clean it with warm water, put a wet towel, and let the plaster soak for 15-20 minutes. After you make sure it is soaked enough, you need to slowly and carefully cut the bandages and plaster. In order not to damage the plastered surface of the body, cut the plaster should be small pieces.
What to do after removing a cast?
Immediately after removal of plaster should be cleaned patch of skin under them, clean water with a small amount of alcohol. Then gently dry with a towel, a blotting movements should dry it. To avoid irritation and dryness of the skin, it is necessary to lubricate the skin moisturizer.
But it is better to seek medical help!
First, you should make an x-ray. He needed to know for sure that the fracture has grown together.
Second, in consultation with the attending physician, is necessary to begin to develop a joint, gradually increasing load, following all the requirements to do massage to restore blood circulation.
And, thirdly, it is necessary to observe , which will prescribe the doctor. based on the foods that contain large amounts of calcium: dairy products, meat, broths.
Advice 2: How to apply and remove the gypsum
For fractures apply the so-called liquid bandage. In these cases, you need to put a cast on directly on the skin. After the plaster will be applied, in 20 minutes, it should slightly harden. However, finally it will harden a little later. Usually after the x-rays look if everything is correctly connected. If there is any bias, it is necessary to remove the plaster and do it all over again.
After a specified physician period of use gypsum, better yourself not to shoot but to seek help from a specialist. Primarily, this is due to the fact that it is necessary to repeat the order to make sure that everything is in order and also get the advice of a doctor about to how to further treat the site of fracture for proper healing.
To put a cast on, you'll appreciate
- Gypsum powder
- Bandages in different widths up to three meters
- Warm water
- To check the quality of the powder, mix some plaster with water in a ratio of 1:1.
- After five to seven minutes to check if the ground hardens. If so, the powder is of good quality.
- Make sure that the plaster was white in color and was finely milled.
- Then it is necessary to gradually unwind the bandage and every forty centimeters to RUB in the cast arm.
- Loosely wrap the bandages promgipsovaya
- It is necessary to heat the water to 40 degrees Celsius.
- If you want to slow down the process of hardening of plaster, you can add a three percent solution of glycerin.
- Lower in the pelvis the bandage, so that the water completely covers them.
- Wait until the bandage is completely soaked.
- The bandage should be slightly wring out and impose it in accordance with all medical requirements.
- When applying the bandage tape should slightly overlap at one end.
- Periodically straighten the formed folds.
- At the end of the procedure to wait 20 minutes for the plaster hardened a little.
- After perform x-ray control.
- If there is displacement, it is necessary to remove the plaster and make it right.
Advice 3: What to do after removing a cast
Of course, appearance is not everything. You will notice that the limb has lost its mobility. Typically, in the course of rehabilitation, the doctor will prescribe physical therapy sessions, but even if no such direction is not given, it is possible to develop an arm or leg independently. Rotate the hand or foot , and pay attention to the movements that cause difficulty. We should not think that after breaking your long-suffering forever lost the mobility and flexibility, just for the time you spent in a cast, certain muscles are stiff and slightly weak, and the joints without movement also lost some properties. Very good effect of rotational motion in joints, and flexion-extension. Of course, all indoor activities should be only a Supplement to physical therapy under the supervision of a physician.
The important thing is to restore the proper blood circulation of your limbs. Often, after removing a cast on your arm or leg starts to be subjected to an increased load and the habit swells. Here to help massage, or simple rubbing. The fingers need to periodically bend and unbend, to move the blood on them with greater speed. As for the feet swelling, try to lift them higher and use elastic bandages whenever feet ahead of the load.
The main rule of successful rehabilitation is more traffic. All the problems and minor troubles that you can visit, connected with the stagnation of liquids and lack of the muscles, bones and joints. Your task is to regain mobility, and this requires some effort and a certain amount of time. You are on the right path – will succeed!
Advice 4: When remove the plaster
People of retirement age can wear a cast for up to three months, because with age the restoration of bone tissue protekaet much slower. On the wear time of plaster can be affected by various diseases, which disrupt the bone formation or inhibit mineral metabolism. For example, when collagenoses recovery time of damaged bone is increased at least twice.
How many get the cast off?
The patient can remove, imposed by the therapist to the cast at home. However, this can only happen with the direct instruction of a physician. He should recommend to the patient the exact period the plaster is removed. In addition, the patient after removal of plaster is necessary to undergo a medical check and, if necessary, to carry out the rehabilitation procedure. In most cases, they are mandatory, if the plaster was applied for a period of more than a month. For such a long period of human muscles time to atrophy, and it becomes difficult to perform their direct functions.
How to remove a cast at home?
The therapist puts a plaster on the retaining bandage. To remove it using one of two methods: the use of maceration or dry method. For removal of plaster the second method you need to use scissors or a sharp knife, and in some cases cutters. Scissors or a knife must make the incision in the direction upwards from the inner side of the plaster. When removing the plaster it is necessary to observe safety precautions. Cuts should be done gradually, slowly. In no case do not need to make cuts, keeping the knife sharp side to the body.
After complete cutting of gypsum comes the most unpleasant part — of its immediate removal. The plaster sticks to the hair on the limbs. It is necessary to tear off abruptly, as his gradual withdrawal will bring a lot more pain.
On the part of the body, which was covered with plaster, can be bruising. For the speedy recovery of damaged areas use special ointments which will allow the bruising to resolve faster.
To remove plaster, pre soak it is much easier. It needs a few minutes to hold in the warm water, after which it can easily succumb to cutting with scissors. In addition, the process of withdrawal will not be so painful.