How to provide first aid for ankle fracture with displacement
If a person hurt his leg and she took an unnatural appearance, we can assume that there was a fracture with displacement. It is important at this point to provide proper first aid, calling an ambulance beforehand. The injured limb is necessary to try to immobilize, if possible fixing, not trying to change her position. To the patient was easier, you need to put under the leg folded blanket or any clothes to slightly raise the limb. If you have ice or something cold on it, to attach to the leg. This will help to narrow the blood vessels and reduce the formation of hematoma. You can also serve the patient pain medication, but can't drink a lot of water.
If you call an ambulance it is impossible for objective reasons, it is necessary to take measures to transport the patient in the emergency room. In this case, the limb should be fixed put it on her splint from appropriate available materials, but you cannot attempt to fix the position of the bones. If nothing suitable at hand, you just need to gently bandage to the injured leg a soft bandage to reduce pain. To transport the patient to the hospital on stretchers or in the back seat of the car in a comfortable position.
Types of fractures of the ankle
As a rule, when injury occurs, a simple ankle fracture or fracture with displacement, which, in turn, can be open or closed. In a simple fracture, the patient makes x-ray to ensure that there is no offset, and put into a cast. Treatment in this case may take 3-4 weeks, after which the fracture will grow callus and plaster is removed.
When a displaced fracture treatment is much more difficult because it requires surgery and the recovery process in this case takes much more time. The treatment is performed in a hospital, you may need to restorative therapy.
Treatment of fractures of the ankle
In the treatment of complex ankle fracture with displacement mapping to produce the fragments and their fixation with the imposition of special metal plates or postoperative skeletal extracts. The surgery is performed under General anesthesia. Treatment in this case may take a long period, after which the patient may need rehabilitation, if the functions of the limb were broken.
To restore mobility of the ankle is assigned to the carrying out of physiotherapeutic measures: appointment of magnetic therapy, the use of compresses, warm paraffin treatment and preventive massage. In some cases, you may want wearing special shoes and arch supports.