Advice 1: Why at a funeral cast on the coffin a handful of earth

Funerals are one of the most difficult rites, which is accompanied by a huge number of superstitions and other rituals. Thus, in particular, at the funeral, it is customary to throw on the coffin lowered into the grave a handful of earth. All perform the ritual, but most people have no idea about his original background. So why do you need to throw earth on the coffin, was lowered into the ground?
Why at a funeral cast on the coffin a handful of earth

The earth and the dead

Since ancient times, the land is embodied reproducing power of nature, so people compare it with a woman, giving life. The earth fertilized by the rain, gave rich crops that feed humanity and allowed him to continue the race. Traces of her deification is reflected in the ancient burial rituals where the dead, the skeletons which were later found by archaeologists, were placed in the grave in the posture of the newborn. Thus, we can safely say that the funeral symbolized the transition of the deceased to the bosom of mother earth, where he can be reborn after death in a new quality.

Echoes of the funeral rite have been preserved in tradition to wear clean underwear before death or close to danger.

The earth, the host of the dead, was considered miraculous, so the people who came to the funeral, felt it necessary to put a hand to her, purged of possible future misfortunes. Today this protective pagan ritual remained the tradition of throwing on the coffin clods excavated burial ground. This tradition precedes the committal at the cemetery lithium – prayer by the priest, who then sprinkles the coffin is fragrant with incense from censers. After lowering the coffin into the grave the priest first throws at him a handful of earth, making the sign of the cross coffin to the deceased were not disturbed by evil forces.

Modern rite

Over time, the magical meaning of the above rituals are virtually lost, and superstitions associated with them are gradually being lost in the frantic pace of modern civilization. From the ancient ritual of purification of those present at the funeral there was only the tradition of throwing on the coffin a handful of earth. However, it is not perceived in the way in which it was perceived in ancient times – then the deceased together with the earth took upon himself all the filth available on the person.

Another lost ritual is sealing the grave with a cross drawn over it by a priest with a shovel.

Throwing earth on the coffin is intended to reconnect the dead man with already deceased relatives that await him in the other world. From there, the family sends your family left on earth, and awaiting reunion with them. In ancient times funeral rites was taken to complete the feast held on the spot of burial. Today it is not so popular, however, the tradition to leave at the grave a glass of vodka and a slice of bread for the deceased has been preserved until now.

Advice 2: Why the military buried in zinc coffins

Military transporterowych in zinc coffins to preserve the dead body of the soldier - the zinc prevents the ingress of air inside a coffin, which helps the body to survive.
Why the military buried in zinc coffins

Zinc coffin

The coffins of zinc or galvanized special boxes used when necessary to transport the body over long distances, or when the body for a number of reasons is supposed to be a long time without burial. Of course, these coffins or their version of galvanized boxes are primarily used during wars and military conflicts, when the bodies need to bring home for burial.
In General, zinc is selected here for two reasons: the first is its high impermeability at sufficiently low weight and cost. The second reason is that its oxide prevent infection and decay process.

The bodies in sealed zinc coffins are usually well preserved and during transport do not cause inconveniences such as an unpleasant odor of decomposition. The use of the zinc coffin in the above cases is mandatory sanitary standards of all civilized countries. The coffin can be used many times, because he was not created for burial and transport of corpses and only if the body is badly disfigured, it is usually not opened and funerals are performed in a closed coffin.


Cargo-200 is a stable expression that is the body in a zinc coffin. The expression of it in our everyday life from the Afghan war. Then the military was a need in a concise and accurate description of the sending of a zinc coffin with the body, and the description is not entirely clear to outside party. Zinc coffins before sending the flight home is always weighed and measured their length-height-width to define the so-called "flight weight" to calculate the allowable gross weight for cargo compartment of the aircraft. On average, this gross weight was two hundred pounds on a coffin. Hence the military term: "hundred" cargo-200.
Known cases when during the Vietnam war and the Afghan war, the generals used the cargo-200 to transport heroin - sealed coffins with the drug were flown home, bypassing customs.

Transportation of cargo-200 is actually quite a complicated procedure. First, the coffin or galvanized box must opate in a special place.
Health standards do not put in the coffin even fresh flowers! At the airport as the coffin is necessarily illuminated and recorded at the cargo terminal.
In addition to the pile of other papers must be accompanied by a mandatory "certificate of opice", indicating that in this coffin there are no unnecessary items.

Advice 3: What to say at a funeral

The speech at the funeral — quite a difficult job. So it sounded appropriate, it is necessary to prepare in advance and rehearse, you should not rely on improvisation.

What to say

Funeral speech can give not only to relatives and close friends of the deceased. Moreover, most often the opening a farewell ceremony charge to a friend, colleague, or friend of the deceased, as his relatives are at the mercy of emotions and hardly can prepare a beautiful and festive statement. If this question instructed you to say, you need to collect information about the deceased from people who knew him well. It is important to calculate the duration of speech (five minutes) and it is well to rehearse.

In the beginning of the speech be sure to introduce yourself to indicate your relationship with the deceased for the audience. In his speech, mention the good things the deceased did in his life, it is best to not say some abstract things, and to talk about what has affected you. Tell us about the best qualities of the deceased, mention his Hobbies, interests, habits, can you recall some pleasant moments with his participation. Do not tighten it, speak calmly and slowly. You can complete your speech with verses that loved the deceased, if it's too long a poem, read his piece.

Parting with a loved one

If you have to do a speech at the funeral of a friend or other, more relevant personal memories. Do not talk about disagreements and quarrels, do not expose the deceased in an ambiguous light. If you feel strong enough, I can tell you a funny story about the late, complement your speech bright, harmless humor, but it should be careful not to hurt anyone's feelings.

In a speech at the funeral of a brother or sister is very important to Express your willingness to Express support for their parents, for their child's death is a terrible loss. Therefore, it is important to emphasize in his speech that they are not alone, that they have you as a support. Do not hold back your emotions in this case, do not try to joke, if you do not find the strength.

If you're giving a speech at the funeral of a spouse, be sure to tell us about how you met, what you've been through together, how to deal with difficulties, mention of the plans that you do not have time to exercise. Support his or her parents, speak from the heart.

At the funeral of either parent in his speech, first of all, Express your gratitude for what they gave you for the life lessons, education, invaluable experience, for all the time you spent together. Don't try to speak long, from you nobody waits. Don't suppress your emotions.

In any case, at whose funeral would you go to make a speech, be sincere. Do not use cliches or overly pretentious design, build it as simple as possible.
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