What is a muscle strain?
The mechanism of this injury is associated with excessive tension of the muscles and ligaments, which are not comparable to the possibilities of muscular-ligamentous apparatus. The main feature of stretching is pain, which can be both minor and quite strong. In addition, there is swelling of the damaged parts of the body due to oxygen starvation of tissues and inflammation of small blood vessels. If the impact was strong enough, stretching can be accompanied by bruising.
Stretching the muscles, the ointment should be applied in small quantity, as the process of absorption is slow.
What means effective in stretching muscles?
To treat this type of injury used ointments, gels and creams, to pain relief, decrease irritation and inflammation, decrease swelling and bruising, improve blood flow and the stimulation of tissue growth. Active components included in their composition, much easier as tensile and accelerate recovery of muscle tissue.
In the period of acute injury, we recommend the use of gels as they cool the injured area and relieve pain without irritating the skin.
Anti-inflammatory drugs to treat muscle strain is made on the basis of diclofenac and ibuprofen. Some of them include in their composition of essential oil, horse chestnut and Arnica. The most effective are ointments "Diklak", "Dolobene", "scars".
To reduce swelling and recovery of small vessels ointments: "Reparil", "Caffeine", "Heparin ointment", "Nicomen" and "Nikudan". They contain heparin, as well as the active components normalize the microcirculation in the affected area muscles.
If too pronounced pain, apply pain ointment: "Perchlozon", "Naftalan", "Miauton".
What ointments are used to prevent muscle strain?
In the period of rehabilitation after muscle strain, and for prevention of injuries with significant physical exercise it is advisable to use a good relaxing and warming cream: "Nikofleks", "Capsomers", "Delpic". They quickly warm up the muscles, making them more elastic. Due to the content of active substances, these ointments significantly increase the permeability of small blood vessels and increase the heat transfer in tissues. For maximum effect, before applying warming ointments is recommended for body massage.