You will need
- - elastic or simple bandage;
- - ice or cold compress;
- - painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs;
- - ointments and gels.
When you stretch the ligaments , there is a gap of individual fibers. Her General anatomical continuity is retained. In severe cases, there is a complete rupture of the ligament , and even her separation from the bone. To stretching can result in a drop of the upper part of the shoulder or on an outstretched hand, a sharp pull or jerk of a limb, a blow to the shoulder. The presence of injury indicate pain, swelling, redness or bruising around the shoulder, increasing the temperature in injured tissues, a sharp limitation of movement in the joint.
If you suspect a sprain, consult a doctor. During the inspection specialist will evaluate the severity of the injury and prescribe appropriate treatment.
The treatment starts with a rest for the injured limb. With the help of elastic or a simple bandage apply a firm pressure bandage.
Treatment includes stretching monkeypainand anti-inflammatory therapy of soft tissues. To reduce pain and swelling the first two or three days, 3-4 times attach to the injured joint ice or a cold compress. You can not apply the cold directly into the joint. Pre-wrap the ice pack in a towel. Keep it for 15-20 minutes. In acute injury the first 72 hours, use the anti-inflammatory and painkilling drugs "Aspirin", "Naproxen", "Ibuprofen" or any means, which include paracetamol.
Three days later when the swelling will subside and the pain will decrease, gently begin to heat treatments and massage.
A few days after the injury, remove the pressure bandage. Decreasing pain start doing exercises for restoring mobility – the movement of an arm, circular motion.
Use for treatment creams and gels. This local therapy is very effective for soft tissue injuries. 2-3 times a day massage into skin 3-4 g of ointment. Cover with warm bandage.
Advice 2 : How to treat a sprain shoulder
One of the most common injuries the shoulder is a partial tear of the tendons or sprain ligaments. This can happen when a significant mechanical overload, as well as during performing any heavy exercise. Usually a sprain of the shoulder begins with pain, you may experience swelling around the shoulder.
If the integrity of the ligament preserved (may be partial rupture of the tendon), then the treatment is stretching the shoulder includes the following methods. First observe rest - avoid any movements of the injured hand.
Apply ice or a cold compress to the shoulder for 15-20 minutes at least four times a day for 2-3 days. This will help reduce pain and relieve swelling. Wrap the ice or cold compress in a towel. In any case, do not apply ice directly to the skin.
Use pharmacological agents. Just before that consult a physician. Common analgesic drugs generally include: naproxen, ibuprofen, paracetamol and aspirin. In addition, available drugs eliminate the pain, they must be applied directly to the skin.
Apply a pressure bandage for a few days immediately after the injury. You do not need to immobilize the shoulder for an extended period, start with the subsiding of the pain gradually develop in the joint.
Do rehabilitation exercises will help restore mobility. After 2 or 3 days after injury make lead hands, circular motion. Then, after 1-2 weeks, start to perform other exercises with light weights. Do not perform exercises if in case you feel any pain.
In rare cases, surgery is required to treat a complete tear of the shoulder ligaments, if there is instability or disturbed function. Can be performed early operation some athletes to avoid the development of dislocation of the shoulder.
It is also possible to cure a sprain of the shoulder with the help of folk remedies. To do this, take three tablespoons of chopped flowers, tansy, pour a glass of boiling water. Then let the resulting liquid stand for 1 hour and strain. Use this mixture as a compress.