To facilitate the subsequent treatment and delay the development of serious consequences of injury can properly and timely rendered first aid. First, the victim must comfortable to sit or lay so as to ensure rest and immobility of the injured arm. To immobilize the joint, you should hold the joint tight bandage (elastic bandage) or a splint, if there is a suspicion of a ligament rupture. It can be done from the material at hand, for example, of plywood, of a wide range of boards. Position the tire from two sides at the joint to make it immobile.
To reduce swelling and pain put in place stretching ice packs or a cold wet towel. Keep it on for the first two hours, but constantly change, dampen with water. At the onset of bleeding to avoid excessive swelling of the limb should be kept in the raised position.
Doctors may advise you to apply ointments and gels that contain anti-inflammatory ingredients: ibuprofen, diclofenac or indomethacin (such as "Nurofen gel", "Efkamon", """ and others). RUB the gel or ointment into the skin of the affected area need three to four grams, then you will need to cover all dry warm bandage.
In mild and moderate sprain all the signs will disappear after about five or ten days. The ability to work hands will be back in 5-7 days. But you should contact your doctor immediately if after the specified period, all features are stored. That is not is severe pain, you are not able to move the injured hand and retaining a sense of numbness in the joint or below the redness disappears and you hear a crunching or crackling in the joint. Do not hesitate and when the temperature chills.
The specialist will prescribe you treatment ligaments. It includes rehabilitation, physiotherapy, physical therapy, injections of anti-inflammatory drugs (nonsteroidal).