To prepare to become a doctor start before enrolling in medical school. At school in depth study of biology, chemistry and physics. In the last years of learning proceed in a specialized medical or chemical-biological school. They held in-depth training on required subjects. In addition, such schools generally have contracts with medical schools on the pre-emptive admission of its graduates.
Of course, not in all settlements there are special schools. But in this case, too, there is a way. Proceed to the medical College or school. This will increase your ability to get to the Institute in their chosen profession.
Then proceed to medical school. The medical student gets a basic education for 5 years. Future with specialty try finally determined already by the 4th course and start to attend the subject groups in this area.

Directly specializiruetsya future doctor is on the 6th course (the so-called "residency").
If you have the ability and power to work on senior years, do it also with an eye to the future. Select the hospital or clinic where you would like to work after graduation. Sit there at least a nurse, but let me know that you are a student. You will surely give you the opportunity to acquire the necessary skills and to Express themselves.
After graduation continue education in internship or residency where you will get the results of the examination on a competitive basis. During this period, study of a young doctor attached to a more experienced specialist. Aspiring doctor leads patients and learns to operate, but under the supervision of his mentor. The young person has no right even to sign documents signed by his supervisor or head of Department.
After graduation the doctor-midwife certificate is issued, which must be confirmed every five years, after passing through the training courses.
After 2-3 years of work the doctor is assigned to category 2. In 5-7 years he is entitled to receive 1 category. And after 10 years of practical work is the highest.

To obtain the latter category, an obstetrician-gynecologist needs to write a special work, which specifies the skills and knowledge he possesses. Part of the material needs to be research.
Physician of the highest category (working in a hospital) needs a lot to operate, have the skills of hysteroscopy, laparoscopy, possess an ultrasound.

The same doctor working in the antenatal clinic, must know the whole range of gynecological diseases, to possess the issues related to the prevention of abortion and family planning, hormone replacement therapy etc.

Consequently, it turns out that the doctor becomes a specialist after just over 10 years after graduation.