The word "paramedic" literally means a "field doctor", so called in German military physician who in the field treated the wounded. The paramedic is a specialist with secondary medical education. He has the right to independently diagnose and implement treatment, guide the patient if necessary, to a specialist and prescribe sick leave.
That is the right of self-diagnosis and distinguishes paramedics from nurses or male nurses, who do not have this right. Therefore, a paramedic may sometimes replace a doctor, for example, the ambulance service or in the regions remote from the centralized medical institutions. The nurse also carries out sanitary-hygienic and prophylactic measures to reduce morbidity, assists in childbirth, can perform a variety of laboratory tests and procedures. He gets medical appointments and directs the actions of Junior staff.
In fact, the physician's assistant different from that of General practitioners and family physicians. Often the medical assistants working in medical units of military units, health centers, airports, train stations or seaports in service of rescue. It is often the paramedic is necessary to provide first aid that may save a life.
The profession of a medical assistant refers to an increased level of secondary vocational education, in contrast to nurses, who received basic level. The profession can be mastered in medical schools or colleges, the training period of 3 years and 10 months. Having received the relevant document, a new specialist may work as a midwife, a physician assistant, a lab technician or health assistant. It can promote the category, having passed a refresher course.
Nurses and nurse are unable to engage in self-examination, diagnosis and treatment. They are only following doctor's orders, including a paramedic, and help to carry out the necessary treatment. Of course, in the absence of the doctor, they are required to provide medical assistance to the victim in a threatening to his life condition.
Nurses carry out procedures, monitor the dosage and time of medication, regularly visit patients at home treatment. They ensure infectious security, that is, follow the rules of asepsis, properly store, process, sterilize, and use of medical products. Nurses assisting in conducting medical operations in outpatient or inpatient. They can perform simple laboratory tests and evaluate their results, under the supervision of a physician to perform a blood transfusion and carry out prescribed infusion therapy.
The nurse arranges the transportation of the sick and injured, carries out expertize of temporary disability, carry out medical nursing infants and the disabled. Her responsibilities include clinical supervision of groups of vaccination. In addition, nurses are medical records.
Nurses have a lot of profiles: a district nurse, nurse, General practitioner, tower (ward), nurse procedural, dressing room, nurse-anaesthetist, scrub nurse, nurse, admissions, dietary, nursing, etc.
Specialty in Nursing get into medical colleges. Term development of this programme is 2 years and 10 months.
Advice 2 : What are the duties of a paramedic
The paramedic is an important and responsible profession, which often depends on the health and life of man. Specialist provides first emergency care and establishes the initial diagnosis. The profession of a paramedic's duties close to the medical profession.
Care to patients
The main duty of a specialist – emergency care to sick and injured people. If necessary, the paramedic is obliged to impose a transport bus, the necessary dressings, to produce resuscitation, for example cardiopulmonary resuscitation or a tracheotomy. The duties of the employee of this profession is also included bleeding control in accordance with the rules and applicable standards.
The paramedic has secondary medical education that can be obtained in specialized colleges, and in universities and academies of the corresponding profile.
In some sparsely populated areas (e.g. the villages) the nurse actually performs the function of a doctor. Specialist makes the diagnosis and prescribes treatment, surveillance and care of patients, performs patient examination at home, takes emergency calls and participates in the organization of various medical preventive measures.
The paramedic must be able to perform the diagnostic procedure for precise staging of the subsequent diagnosis. Thus, the specialist should be able to remove the electrocardiogram, type the desired medication and the use of portable medical devices. If necessary, transportation of the patient the paramedic must stay near the patient to monitor the condition and, if necessary, to provide medical assistance.
A paramedic must know human anatomy, to have some information about the pathological processes in the body, to be informed about the methods of service in the period of examination and familiar with the basic rules of maintaining medical records.
Inspection and accounting
If the patient is unconscious, the specialist must conduct an inspection of the clothing or premises for documents, values, money and other items for their delivery against receipt to the reception area and then identification.
If medical assistance in an emergency, for example, in the presence of damage caused by violent actions, the paramedic is required to report the incident to the police.
Specialist must know the location of nearest hospitals and stations for maintenance and admission of patients.
The list of responsibilities of a paramedic also includes the storing and accounting of drugs, check the status of used medical equipment and transport tires, and replenishment of oxygen and nitrous oxide. The duties of the specialist also informing the administration of the ambulance station about the occurrence of possible accidents and emergency situations in the course of duty. The paramedic leads the accounting and reporting documentation and records all actions performed.