Advice 1: What you need to be tested for opisthorchiasis to detect intrusion

The diagnosis "opisthorchiasis" is rarely heard. But this does not mean that the disease is mild and harmless. If left untreated, it can easily lead to problems with the gastrointestinal tract and even cancer of the liver or pancreas. As ill they can be any person who is regularly tested for the presence of such pathology. But how to test for opisthorchiasis, not many people know.
What you need to be tested for opisthorchiasis to detect intrusion
Itself opisthorchiasis is infection of worms that summer residents like bile ducts, liver and gallbladder. The result is the worms clog them, leading to these vital organs. Causative agents are flukes and Fluke Fluke Siberian cat. You can get infected by eating raw or improperly prepared lake or river fish.

How does opisthorchiasis



It is often confused with other diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, as the symptoms are quite similar. So, if you are going to be examined for signs of gastritis or ulcer, at the same time hand over the analysis on parasites.


Doctors divide opisthorchiasis chronic and acute. Sharp develops quickly and lasts for several weeks. The symptoms are quite pronounced: urticaria, increase in the gallbladder, liver, pain in hypochondrium, etc.


Chronic opisthorchiasis may take years – in statistics, there are 25-year periods of the disease. The chronic course of this disease observed symptoms characteristic of pancreatitis, hepatitis and other similar diseases.

How to diagnose



To make an accurate diagnosis for this disease is quite problematic. Doctors say that eggs of worms in the research material can be detected at the earliest only after 4-6 weeks after infection. During this time the worms, of course, will have time to multiply.
Pay great attention to the examination of a person through 1-1,5 months after he had eaten the fish family Cyprinidae. Suspected opisthorchiasis is easier if the patient appeared during this period, characteristic symptoms.


Analysis of opisthorchiasis, the doctor may prescribe if the patient is observed for high values of eosinophils in the blood. In addition, indications for the delivery of this analysis is the accommodation of the patient in the endemic area, especially if he has pathology of the biliary tract.

Most often the diagnosis is made by blood test results. It is taken intravenously. In the presence of worms in the body in the blood will appear specific antibodies that are trying to cope with the problem.

Also studies conducted and parasitological method. For the study, in this case, you will need bile and feces. And if the feces, the patient can collect yourself, collect the bile has to be in the hospital. Sample doctors take when probing of a biliary tract.

Once the diagnosis is confirmed, you must immediately begin adequate complex treatment. Otherwise you may have serious problems with digestion.

Advice 2: How is opisthorchiasis

Opisthorchiasis – a disease caused by a parasite and affects the bile ducts, gallbladder and pancreas of man. Fatal opisthorchiasis leads very rarely, however, seriously reduces the quality of life and is difficult to cure. Chronic stage of the disease may last more than 20 years.
How is opisthorchiasis
Instruction
1
Opisthorchiasis develops when ingested parasites from the class Trematoda or trematodes. Causes disease cat Fluke is a flat worm of small size (body length of the parasite can range from 4 to 13 millimeters).
2
The second intermediate host of the cat Fluke causing human infection, becoming a fish of the carp family, including IDE, tench, roach. The contamination of fish occurs when larval forms of the Fluke – cercariae from water through the skin into the subcutaneous tissue and muscles. In the body of the intermediate host cercaria is formed around the sheath of the cyst where the larva Matures to the next stage of development, metacercariae. Shortly after the release of the cysts metacercaria able to infect the final host.
3
Final hosts of the parasite – humans, cats, dogs, small prey animals. People ill with opisthorchiasis after eating contaminated fish, have not been heat treated or not well salted, and with insufficient hygienic processing of kitchen utensils used for cutting fish. Carnivorous mammals are infected by eating raw fish and waste processing.
4
Fluke gets into the duodenum of a human or animal, and then settles in the bile ducts of the liver, pancreas, and the gall bladder, causing acute opisthorchiasis, without treatment, passing into the chronic stage. In the gastrointestinal tract of the final host, the parasite lays eggs, along with bile falling into the stool.
5
The faeces of the final hosts of the parasite eggs released into the environment and enter freshwater. With water and sludge from the bottom of the balls swallow the first intermediate hosts are freshwater clams, in the body which is undergoing further development and asexual reproduction of the Fluke. Developing to the stage of cercaria, the larvae infect the fish, and the developmental cycle of the parasite all over again.
6
Opisthorchiasis is impossible to get under normal household contacts, the disease is not transmitted sexually or by airborne droplets. Infection also occurs by contact with diseased animals or feces parasite is not transmitted between the end hosts. Drinking water contaminated with eggs or larvae-cercariae cat Fluke, does not lead to the development of the disease because in the early stages of development of this parasite is not able to survive in the human body or mammal.
7
Infestation is eliminated when a long and uniform freezing of fish (at temperatures above -28 degrees), boiling or frying it for 20 minutes or more, and when prolonged pickling in concentrated brine. For hot Smoking fish parasites die within a few hours during cold Smoking and drying of fish, it needs pre-salting or freezing.
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