Advice 1: How to prepare for the delivery PCR

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a highly accurate method of molecular genetic diagnosis. It allows you to identify the disease in different stages. There are certain requirements to patients in preparation for delivery of biomaterial for PCR analysis.
How to prepare for the delivery PCR

What are biomaterials necessary for the PCR studies



The test material PCR can be different biological materials: blood, mucus, urine, sputum, scrapings of the epithelial cells, the tissue of the placenta, prostate juice, pleural fluid, amniotic fluid. For the detection of sexually transmitted infections in women and men are discharge from the genitals: a scraping or swab from the cervix, urethral (urethra), urine. The child material for research is taken from the opening of the urethra.

To make a study of PCR for herpes infection, cytomegalovirus, hepatitis b, C, toxoplasmosis, HIV infection, in a patient taking blood. For the detection of infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, herpes infection also takes swab of throat, With lesions of the nervous system is taken from the cerebrospinal fluid in the diagnosis of intrauterine infections, placental tissue, amniotic fluid, pulmonary material for PCR is the pleural fluid, and sputum.
When examining cpsi additionally gets urine.



How to prepare for PCR study



PCR allows to obtain accurate and reliable results, however, it is necessary to carry out the correct preparation of the study. The patient should not have sexual contacts a day before the delivery of the material (for studies of scrapings from originalnogo tract). Analysis of blood you must take on an empty stomach, so before blood sampling can not eat or drink. For rent clean urine in a sterile container for analysis need the first morning dose. In women, the fence stroke is not carried out in days of menstruation, take it before your period starts or after one or two days after. Before taking smears from the urogenital canal men should refrain from urinating for a period of 1.5-2 hours. Before taking the material for gonorrhoea, it is impossible to execute the genitals and douching. In addition, for three or four hours before the examination you should refrain from sexual intercourse, urination.
Urine must be delivered to the laboratory within two to three hours.


PCR analysis will be done at least a day, usually the result will be ready in 1.5-2 days. A negative result will indicate that the test material infection is absent. A positive result indicates the presence of an infection in a biological sample. In some cases, revealed a healthy carrier, the PCR is positive, but clinical symptoms are absent. This condition does not require treatment, but in this case, should be regularly seen by a doctor. Please be aware that the transmission of the infection to healthy people from the media are possible, also possible the transition to the chronic form of the disease with the activation process.

Advice 2 : How to take a smear test

The most informative method of diagnosis of inflammatory and infectious gynecological diseases in women is to take a smear from the genital tract. Study for women safe, painless and causes no discomfort.
How to take a smear test
Instruction
1
A swab is taken from the mandatory use of sterile disposable mirror and other medical tools required for the manipulation. In the diagnostic centre or clinical diagnostic laboratory performed a detailed cytological examination and analysis of the microbial flora of the vagina and the reproductive tract of women. The presence of inflammatory process (acute or chronic) is additionally a microscopic examination of cells and cellular elements.
2
Lactobacillus or beneficial microorganisms in the vagina of healthy women protect against pathogenic and pathogenic microorganisms and prevent the development of inflammatory process. Before the procedure of a fence of a smear and obtain reliable analysisbut you must fulfill the following conditions: for 7 days before analysisand canceled all antibacterial and sulfa drugs; stop the introduction of 1-2 days treatment vaginal plugs and conducting various douching.
3
Typically, obstetrician-gynecologist to conduct the study taken from the genital tract three of the swabsfrom the cervical canal, the walls of the vagina with the urethral mucosa. Taking each smear is performed using disposable sterile spatulas. The material is transferred with a spatula on a sterile glass slide, placed in a container and sent for investigation to the diagnostic center. At the same time the material is placed on nutrient medium. When bacterial growth is the formation of specific colonies, and at the same time is determined by the sensitivity test of pathogenic bacteria to antibiotics.
4
The results of laboratory studies gynecologist receives a report on the composition of the microflora of the vagina, on the state of epithelial cells, the number of pathogenic microorganisms. The increase in the number of white blood cells indicates the presence of acute inflammatory process.

Advice 3 : How to prepare for the delivery PCR

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a highly accurate method of molecular genetic diagnosis. It allows you to identify the disease in different stages. There are certain requirements to patients in preparation for delivery of biomaterial for PCR analysis.
How to prepare for the delivery PCR

What are biomaterials necessary for the PCR studies



The test material PCR can be different biological materials: blood, mucus, urine, sputum, scrapings of the epithelial cells, the tissue of the placenta, prostate juice, pleural fluid, amniotic fluid. For the detection of sexually transmitted infections in women and men are discharge from the genitals: a scraping or swab from the cervix, urethral (urethra), urine. The child material for research is taken from the opening of the urethra.

To make a study of PCR for herpes infection, cytomegalovirus, hepatitis b, C, toxoplasmosis, HIV infection, in a patient taking blood. For the detection of infectious mononucleosis, cytomegalovirus, herpes infection also takes swab of throat, With lesions of the nervous system is taken from the cerebrospinal fluid in the diagnosis of intrauterine infections, placental tissue, amniotic fluid, pulmonary material for PCR is the pleural fluid, and sputum.
When examining cpsi additionally gets urine.



How to prepare for PCR study



PCR allows to obtain accurate and reliable results, however, it is necessary to carry out the correct preparation of the study. The patient should not have sexual contacts a day before the delivery of the material (for studies of scrapings from originalnogo tract). Analysis of blood you must take on an empty stomach, so before blood sampling can not eat or drink. For rent clean urine in a sterile container for analysis need the first morning dose. In women, the fence stroke is not carried out in days of menstruation, take it before your period starts or after one or two days after. Before taking smears from the urogenital canal men should refrain from urinating for a period of 1.5-2 hours. Before taking the material for gonorrhoea, it is impossible to execute the genitals and douching. In addition, for three or four hours before the examination you should refrain from sexual intercourse, urination.
Urine must be delivered to the laboratory within two to three hours.


PCR analysis will be done at least a day, usually the result will be ready in 1.5-2 days. A negative result will indicate that the test material infection is absent. A positive result indicates the presence of an infection in a biological sample. In some cases, revealed a healthy carrier, the PCR is positive, but clinical symptoms are absent. This condition does not require treatment, but in this case, should be regularly seen by a doctor. Please be aware that the transmission of the infection to healthy people from the media are possible, also possible the transition to the chronic form of the disease with the activation process.

Advice 4 : How to get tested for all STDs

Tests for STDs - a set of different tests which can detect the presence of infectious diseases that are transmitted sexually.
How to get tested for all STDs
Instruction
1
After spent night with a new friend (familiar) or after a short summer fling in a few weeks it is advisable to visit the doctor-venereologist. The sexually transmitted diseases have several symptoms: itching and unbearable burning in the external genitals, unusual discharge, painful or frequent urination, discomfort in the abdomen, pain during intercourse, swelling of the lymph nodes.
2
A swab for STDs allows to identify Ureaplasma, chlamydia, gonorrhea, Trichomonas, Gardnerella. This procedure is fast and efficient. After it you will be able to know the result and not worry about their health. Tests preferably a few weeks after unprotected intercourse.
3
Before testing you need to fulfill several requirements: to withdraw from sexual activity for a couple of days before the procedure, not to urinate for two hours before analysis. You can make a diagnosis by using several methods. All tests can be taken anonymously, the result will be known only to you.
4
During the inspection gynecologist with a special brush will take a bit of material for research in women from the vagina, in men from the urethra. This procedure is carried out painlessly. It must be remembered that diseases that are transmitted sexually dangerous because it can lead to infertility. If you live a sexual life and do not use condoms, you need to pass this examination.
5
If you have detected the infection, it should be used with test results to go to a gynecologist or urologist. It is not necessary to postpone visit to the doctor. You should start treatment immediately to avoid negative effects and complications. Gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia, syphilis are treatable with antibiotics.
6
You can "t take the testin any clinic, which is located close to your home. If a medical facility has modern equipment and professional doctors is a great choice. Well, if the clinic has its own laboratory. After treatment you will need to be tested for STDs again.
7
The results of the study could be ready in a few days, but the method using the smear test is not always accurate. Because the absence or presence of STDs in the studied material laboratory checks, but it also might have something to confuse and to prevent in his work a mistake.
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