Should undergo screening for hepatitis b if:
- if you have been exposed to ninety-two procedure blood transfusion because at that time didn't test donated blood for these viruses;
- when you underwent surgery or endoscopic procedures;
- if you have a family has relatives with hepatitis;
when biochemical analysis of blood shows that the liver is damaged;- if you are traveling to countries where the risk of spread of hepatitis is very high;
in all cases, when you are in the salon did the piercing, tattoo, manicure or pedicure.
What tests should be taken in the first place? You can start with inexpensive, accessible and informative biochemical blood analysis. The level of enzymes ALT and AST will show whether you have inflammation of the liver. Then the next step should be a visit to the infectious disease doctor specializing in hepatitis.
Hepatitis b and hepatitis C can be checked, making the blood on their markers. Detection in the blood of virus antigen and antibodies to hepatitis C virus – the reason for going to the doctor, who may prescribe a more in-depth study.
Additional tests:
- UZI. Does not identify hepatitis, but cirrhosis is showing the first signs of change;
Genotyping - the study of the type of virus. Is conducted for the selection of treatment tactics;
- Liver biopsy, which can determine the degree of fibrosis and inflammation. You will need it, when other tests are unclear, it's time to prescribe treatment or not. The procedure is performed under local anesthesia.