You will need
- - ice;
- - the bandage;
- - absorbable ointment;
- - calendula;
- - tansy;
- - a series;
- - celandine.
To determine what your finger is broken, look for these signs: swelling, the appearance of subcutaneous bruising, pain when bending. It should be noted that the final diagnosis can be established only by x-ray.
In the first minutes after the injury has occurred, doctors advise to apply to the affected place the ice. For these purposes, you can also use packages of frozen berries or vegetables. In a pinch, you can just a little to hold the hand under cold water.
During the first two days after injury, cold should be applied for 15-20 minutes several times a day. After that you must purchase at the pharmacy absorbable ointment (for example, caffeine or indovazin) and make it compresses.
If the broken finger on the hand, for rapid healing it is necessary to fix the bandage together with a neighboring finger.
There are traditional methods of treatment of the broken finger. For example, you need to take one teaspoon of calendula, tansy, celandine and succession. Boil half a liter of boiling water, let stand for half an hour, then wet the canvas cloth and apply on broken finger. As it dries moisten the bandage.
Remember that under the broken finger symptoms may be masked and torn tendons and cracked bones, and fractures. To exclude these diagnoses, it is necessary to address to the doctor-the traumatologist who will examine the damage and prescribe x-rays. If hand injuries will be serious, you can be shown the operation or plaster immobilization. That is why in any case of injury should not self-medicate, and it is better to consult a specialist.
If you have a broken finger, it is necessary to provide the injured extremity at rest.
Advice 2: How to treat Achilles tendon
Stretching the Achilles tendon often affects athletes, but to damage it is possible and under normal circumstances. The tendon injury is difficult to recognize the immediate pain may not appear on the background of a state of shock and the problem will be noticed only when the leg will go numb and start to hurt. The treatment of such injuries can be assigned only after the medical examination.
First actions upon injury "Achilles"
If you feel pain in the Achilles tendon, dizziness, severe headache, and darkening of the eyes, consult your doctor who will determine the extent of injury. In the case of simple stretching, you will be prescribed physical therapy, but if the tendon torn, no surgery and proper treatment do not work.
In no case do not try to endure the pain – you can substantially complicate the situation and worsen the condition of the injured extremity.
So, if you just stretched the "Achilles" do yourself first aid. Attach to the tendon of the cabbage leaf, wrap leg with elastic bandage and wrap her in a warm soft scarf. Lie with compress for about an hour, after that replace the fresh cabbage leaf and again wrap the leg with bandage and scarf. Try not to step on the affected leg to stretch the tendon even more. To take the pressure off the damaged area and to normalize blood circulation it will help slices of raw potatoes laid on the gauze, which you need to wrap a sore ankle.
How to treat Achilles tendon at home
After rendering first aid in the stretching of the Achilles, the foot must be protected from loads. Try to move around using a cane or a crutch, eat cheese, dairy products and calcium supplements that strengthen the tendons and nourish the weakened muscles. To speed up the process of recovery, prepare a nutritious drink made from goat's milk mixed with a tablespoon of honey. Drink half a Cup of the beverage twice a day, at lunch and before bed.
Using natural products will greatly facilitate the restoration of damaged tendon and will be much cheaper than drugs from the pharmacy.
In the evenings, be sure to attach the "Achilles" pack of painkillers and anti-inflammatory balms and ointments. Well-proven and tools such as "Caffeine" and "Fastum gel", which effectively relieve pain and speed healing of damaged tissues. You can also use green pharmacy mash the plantain leaves to a pulp and apply it on the affected area. Top cover the compress with a bandage and lie down in a relaxed state, without straining the leg. Remember that when stretching the Achilles tendon doctors do not recommend to make any therapeutic massages, breaking the peace of the limb.
Advice 3: How to treat retrochorial hematoma
Do not panic, if in the early stages of pregnancy, the doctor after an ultrasound was diagnosed with retrochorial hematoma. This phenomenon occurs in a large number of expectant mothers and, as a rule, treated.
The main symptoms of the disease
The formation of retrochorial hematoma in the period when the chorionic naturally rejects the fertilized egg. At this stage some women may experience the appearance of small cavities, which gradually filled with clotted blood. This cavity is called retrochorial hematoma. Currently, doctors are unable definitely to determine the exact cause of its formation.
The main feature of retrochorial hematoma – a brownish discharge. They may be accompanied by unbearable pulling pains. These sensations really concerned about a pregnant woman. While doctors note that such allocation at statement of the diagnosis of the disease – a good sign. This means that the hematoma resolves.
Principles of treatment
The main task of the physician is to prevent increase in size of the formed education. To prevent this growth of the hematoma, the patient usually prescribe medications that improve blood clotting. Often talking about such things as "did" or "menadione" - at the same time safe and effective drugs for the unborn child. It should be noted that these should be taken only as directed by your doctor. This provision in no case be self-medicate.
In addition, the physician in the treatment process retrochorial hematoma can assign pregnant women additional intake of vitamin E (in large doses). This vitamin has a positive effect on key processes in the production of hormones and promote normal pregnancy.
It should be noted that the development of retrochorial hematoma is able to raise the tone of the uterus. In these cases, the treatment of these pathologies involves the use of special antispasmodic drugs – for example, burden-PA. This drug relaxes the smooth muscle of the uterus and is absolutely harmless. With the same purpose, a pregnant woman can appoint the tincture of Valerian or Magne-B6.
The process of retrochorial hematoma treatment also includes the use of such medications for the mother, as ascorutin and folic acid.
The medication must be administered under the strict supervision of the attending physician, which individually assigns the method of application and dosage of one or the other drug drug.
Advice 4: How to treat a severed tendon
Damage tendons occurs typically as a result of open trauma. Most commonly observed damage to the tendons of the hands and fingers, own the patellar tendon, Achilles tendon, long biceps, and quadriceps.
Treatment of injuries of tendons of hands and fingers
First aid for a severed tendon is the treatment of the wound, the imposition of aseptic dressings, fixing damaged organ by means of the bus, the introduction of tetanus toxoid. Treatment of severed tendons of the hand and fingers is carried out in stationary conditions. The wound impose the primary tendon seam. The imposition of primary suture, the surgeon must carefully restore a bed for the tendon to recreate the sliding device, as it depends largely on the final outcome of the operation.
If the wound is dirty or is torn, the torn tendon to impose primary closure is not recommended. In such cases, process it and waiting for her healing. On the damaged tendon suture is applied only after a couple months. For damage on the palm is the best removable seam, made of nylon, a nylon or fine metal thread. In chronic wounds, tendon excised and replaced with tendon graft. To restore the function of damaged limbs is appointed medical gymnastics, it should be done from the first days after surgery to full recovery. At the same time apply physical therapy.
How to treat tendon injuries
Damage to the Achilles tendon, own ligaments of the knee treated by surgical intervention. When rupture of the Achilles tendon, as a rule, it ends the doctor connects without difficulty. In some cases, the gaps between the ends of the tendons resorting to the simultaneous flexion of the tibia in the knee joint and plantar flexing the foot. When chronic injuries of the Achilles tendon doing plastic surgery with the use of transplant from the broad fascia of the thigh. After the operation, the extremity is fixed plaster cast for up to 2-3 weeks. After the plaster is removed the patient is prescribed a warm bath, medical gymnastics and massage of the muscles. Full load on the injured limb is allowed not earlier than after two to two and a half months after surgery.
Damage to the tendon of the long head of the biceps are treated with surgery in which a torn tendon is sewn. Then fix the limb on the wedge pillow for a period of 2-3 weeks. In injuries of tendons of the quadriceps is also used operative treatment: the patient is sutured with subsequent fixation of the limb. Subsequently, the patient is prescribed physiotherapy, thermal procedures, massage.