Advice 1: How to identify a broken leg

By itself, a fracture of the legs is the unnatural bending of limbs, pain in the region of the intended fracture, which increases significantly with pressure and when you try to move the injured foot.
How to identify a broken leg
Instruction
1
To determine the fracture of the leg as follows: completely lost oporosposobnosti, and if you try to do at least one full step occurs unbearable pain. Let's look at the symptoms in more detail.
2
Injuring his leg, you will feel pronounced pain.
3
The injury site begins to swell, appears hematoma.
4
When you try to move your leg, you feel the limitation of movement function of the joint. And deciding to make at least a step, barely holding back the pain.
5
All this applies to a closed fractureas open to these items is added to the tear of skin and ligaments. To determine the fracture of the leg this type is much easier, as through the torn tissue is a broken bone.
6
If you have any, even the slightest suspicion of a fracture, seek immediate medical help at the hospital or trauma, as well as calling an ambulance. Independent action try to avoid, they are possible only in the most extreme cases. Follow everything very carefully, trying not to cause more damage.
7
Remember one rule: usually can determine a fracture or dislocation is difficult, therefore, always a treat as in fractureE. Treat the affected area with hydrogen peroxide.
8
If the fracture is open, stop the arterial bleeding with the application of tourniquet above the level of the fracture.
9
Warn traumatic shock: put something cold on the affected area.
10
Splint materials. They must be light, but strong enough to support and fix the limb in such a position that the pain was felt as little as possible.
11
To maintain feet in the correct position, use cushions in extreme cases primenjuje injured leg to a healthy one.

Advice 2: How to develop a foot with the broken ankle

Proper and timely treatment of the fractureand any limb can provide a complete restoration of its functions without any complications or consequences. This statement also applies to the ankle, a fracture which, in the opinion of many, makes a man limping for life. With the implementation of certain recommendations can be restore functions of the lower part of the leg completely and with no "loss" in the shortest possible time.
How to develop a foot with the broken ankle
Instruction
1
Need daily soft massage. Despite the fact that the leg is not used, the best way to maintain mobility and function of the foot is to constantly remind her of its existence. Gentle movements lead in the area of the fracture and the entire inactive area of the feet, you see cells, so they "didn't sleep", the easier they will then Wake up.
2
Take a daily multivitamin. It is no secret that vitamins help the body to work properly and in full force. In moments of weakness of the body (for example, when the fracture of the leg) he especially could use the help in Supplement form.
How to develop leg fracture <strong><b>ankle</b></strong>
3
Perebintovany leg with an elastic bandage every day and spend time healing walking. With the aid of crutches to move around the house, gradually increasing the load on the leg. Do it very carefully! You may not feel any pain until the very moment of re-fracture or you can just move the bone, causing incorrect splicing. After you will be able to stand fully on the foot, can go to walk with a cane.
4
Don't forget to get checked out by your doctor and repeat x-rays to trace the dynamics of splicing bones. At the time of walk with a cane and even on the first time without it, it is advisable to purchase a special plastic, silicone or fabric locking Shoe that allows the foot to move. This will speed up and secure the healing process.
How to develop leg fracture <strong><b>ankle</b></strong>

Advice 3: How to identify a broken toe

In the human skeleton about two hundred bones, and any of them under certain conditions may break. Most susceptible to bone fractures of the limbs, including the bones of the toes. Like any other, fractures of the toes can be open or closed. In the first case, when the bone shards tore the muscles and the skin, the fracture is obvious; in the second, there are a number of ways (relative and absolute) that allow to distinguish the fracture from a different kind of trauma: dislocation or injury.
How to identify a broken toe
Instruction
1
Following trauma to the toe it is necessary to define a fracture or just a sprain. Fractured is extreme pain while movement bruised finger, and violation of motor function of the limb. It may be accompanied by edema and hemorrhage under the skin or nail of the finger.
2
Obvious signs are unnatural finger position, the crunch of bone fragments with pressure, and abnormal mobility.
3
Relative characteristics in varying degrees, expressed almost always, but depending on the localization of fracture, their intensity can differ significantly. There are cases when the pain syndrome is expressed is so weak that the victim did not even know about the existence of bone fracture. And only after some time (sometimes very long) increasing pain forced him to seek help from a doctor.
4
A fracture of the big toe has its own characteristics. As this finger is bigger than the other, consists of only two phalanges, and not three, like all others, and also tests the main load when walking, his fracture is almost always accompanied by sharp pain and swelling spreading to neighboring fingers, and sometimes the entire foot.
5
The diagnosis of a fracture of the toe is based on history, that is, through questioning of the patient and the comparison of the signs. After that, the doctor will establish the relative and absolute signs of. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient will be assigned to radiographic examination. During the adoption of the fracture will be assigned to treatment, which depends on the location and extent of damage.
6
At the first symptoms of a fracture immediately contact the doctor-traumatologist. Do not self-medicate, because the diagnosis can be put only by the doctor.

Advice 4: What is the danger of a fracture of the tibia

A tibia fracture is considered a fairly common injury of the lower extremities. In addition, allocate a small fracture, and the tibia. Trauma this can happen due to a fall, strike, lack of calcium and excessive exercise. It should be noted that in trauma of the tibia in the majority of cases without surgery can not do.
What is the danger of a fracture of the tibia
Be aware that a fracture of the tibia carries a risk of prolonged wound healing due to the complexity of the fracture due to the strong fragmentation. Especially the situation is aggravated in the case if the trauma of this unit have been offset. This is because in this fracture there is a possibility of significant damage to the tissues that are in close proximity. Therefore, this injury threat of arbitrary displacement of the condyles both inside and out from the wound.

In addition, a violation of the tibia may be helical and oblique. Trauma of this type occurs when during the period of fracture, the bone made a sharp spin and stop when it was located in a fixed position. Besides, there are single and double fracture of the condyle, which can occur as a result of landing or falling directly on right outstretched legs, and with a great height. This injury dangerous occurrence of bleeding in the knee joint of the condyles.

At the same time often affects the small and large Shin bone, which contributes to the aggravation of the situation, because this injury is not possible to carry out the procedure reposition the bones, if there is an offset.

What are the symptoms indicating a fracture of the tibia


The occurrence of a small fracture or tibia can be identified by the following symptoms: deformity of the leg; sharp pain in region of trauma; inability to step on the injured limb; presence of edema and bruising and bruising with an open fracture; a marked shortening of the length of the affected leg.

How to treat a tibia fracture


Typically, the treatment therapy is selected in conjunction with the treating specialist, given the nature of resulting injuries and appearance. In the case of complicated fracture of the leg, a plaster which will need to be about six months. After all of this time, bone is able to grow together. With the defeat of the tibia with the displacement at first diagnosed his character.

In the case of oblique offset treatment is by traction, which involves the insertion through the bone spokes hung with a certain load. In this case, medical therapy can be significantly longer. When transverse displacement in the injured limb imposed a special metal plate. The most serious injury is the fracture of the right small and the tibia complicated by displacement. A method of treatment of this lesion may be selected for surgical or conservative. It depends on the severity of the fracture, the nature of the injury and well-being of the victim.

Advice 5: How to determine the fracture or injury

Accidental fall or a strong impact on the body external physical factors leads to the inevitable injury. The degree of severity can manifest as injuryOhm soft tissues and internal organs, and fracture ofω bones. Assistance in these emergency conditions has significant differences, so the correct rendering should be able to recognize them.
How to determine the fracture or injury
Instruction
1
Any injury accompanied by pain. But, regardless of the strength of its manifestation, at first it is difficult to distinguish injury from the fracture. However, increased pain when moving, for example, a limb may be a sign of violation of integrity of bone. In this case it is better to immobilize the injured body part and immediately seek medical help.
2
As a result of trauma (injury or fracture) appears redness and swelling. They are associated with damage to blood vessels and hemorrhage. Since these symptoms are General, to assume for him a fracture is possible only by following symptom.
3
Disorder of mobility is the main symptom of fracture. For example, when damage to the bones of the lower extremities to try to stand on a broken leg would be impossible. Moreover, the slightest movement will bring increased pain.
4
At fracture of bones of the upper extremities are also marked disturbance of motor activity and the inability to capture any subject. In the case of injury, if it is not associated with damage to the joint, most often occurring only pain and soft tissue swelling.
5
To fracture the characteristic unnatural mobility at the site of injury. From the friction of broken bones may receive a crunching (crepitus), which is when the injury does not happen. Also, upon fracture, especially if a bone is located close to the skin, for example, on the wrist or lower leg, you may receive curvature: the ledge or trough.
6
Any injury that led to the violation of the mobility of a particular part of the body, can be regarded as a fracture. But to establish it it is possible only with the help of radiological examinations (except in cases with open fracture). Therefore, when the first suspicious symptoms should immediately seek professional medical help.

Advice 6: Fracture of the clavicle with displacement - serious, but not fatal

The clavicle is a tubular bone that connects the sternum and the acromion process of the scapula. It consists of 3 parts: the sternal and acromial end and the diaphysis.
Fracture of the clavicle with displacement - serious, but not fatal
Bones in the human body a lot. They all play an important role, are the backbone of the body. Despite the fact that they can withstand some pretty serious loads, bone is very fragile and to break them is not as difficult as it seems. One of the most frequent fracture is a fracture of the clavicle. In some cases it occurs with displacement of bone. Fractures of the clavicle are the most susceptible athletes and children. First due to excessive loads, the second - because of the lack of coordination of their movements.

The causes of clavicular fractures



The key reasons why may break a collarbone, two:
a kick to the shoulder;
- neudenau fall on the elbow, straight arm, outer side of the forearm.

In the first case, the offset - a frequent companion of the fracture. Moreover, the bone can easily crack and split. In the second situation collarbone in the fall and the blow assumes it was the collarbone. Therefore, the fracture of the SOS offset is guaranteed. Most often, such problems occur in the winter when the roads icy, and the people barely held on his feet.

How to identify a broken collarbone and what to do



The first and most noticeable symptom of course is pain in the hand. It becomes difficult to move the limb: part of the movements stiff, others completely inaccessible. In addition, at the site of fracture, the shoulder is swollen, the bruise appears. The location of the shoulder becomes unnatural - down and sticks out forward. Myself clavicle is shortened and deformed.

Healing of the fracture, of course, begins with a visit to the doctor. It is the x-ray results establish a precise diagnosis, starting from the nominated treatment. In the first place, it will hold. The injured hand tie a scarf or kerchief. Doctors claim that fasten the arm to the body need hard. It is necessary to reduce the load on the damaged collarbone and avoid a further increase in displacement.

The main treatment is aimed at the return of bones and the wreckage in place. The restoration is performed under local anesthesia. After recovery the bones are not a new offset, use rigid fixation, which is to hold bone fragments in place until they are fused. The average clsica overgrown in a month.

If the fracture was complicated and trauma, pinched nerves, will have to carry out surgery. Also, the operation threatens the patient and in that case, if the broken pieces scattered badly. After the reduction they can rip the skin or nerves. Also you'll have to cut and if correct the deformity resulting from displacement of the bones, the traditional method fails. In the latter case, surgery is necessary also because such deformation will hinder even the simplest movements of the hand.

The result is that the broken collarbone is a very unpleasant disease which is, in principle, respond well to treatment. Even complex fractures and displacement are treated only about one and a half months.

Advice 7: How to treat a hip fracture

Fracture of neck of femur often happens in old age when due to numerous causes bones to become fragile due to the rarefaction of bone tissue. The young can sometimes be fractured only with a strong shock, such as during road traffic accidents or falls from a great height. Fractures are divided into several classifications and can lead to death. Treatment can be administered conservative, just in case, if surgery is contraindicated due to various reasons.
How to treat a hip fracture
Instruction
1
Forecasts for treatment of medial fractures is more disappointing than for the treatment of lateral fractures. Self-fusion of the medial fracture is practically excluded. Any classification of fractures differ from one another in the place of the fracture and its severity. There are 3 types of fractures of the neck, head and trochanter bone.
2
The first symptoms of a fracture is pain in the groin area, which increases with movement, the leg can be rotated outward and the limb shortened. In some cases, if the fracture is very severe, acute pain without specific localization. It seems to a person that is breaking the whole side, the groin, and he can no longer walk. If symptoms of fracture oiled in a few days it will be impossible to walk due to an acute inflammation, and the patient will be in bed with serious complications of the fracture.
3
At the first sign of fracture of the neck of the thigh need to go immediately to the hospital for diagnosis. If the patient cannot visit the clinic, it is necessary to put the patient to bed and call an ambulance. The most common method of diagnosis is an x-ray.
4
If the fracture is diagnosed, the patient is immediately hospitalityat and conduct preparatory work for the operation. What kind of operation is carried out, solves only the doctor based on the results of the survey. There are several types of surgical care, including hip replacement, metallosintez, osteosynthesis.
5
If there are contraindications to surgery, the doctor puts derotation boot that is not a guarantee of splicing, especially if the patient is elderly. Patient is discharged home, where it is necessary to provide appropriate care, to prevent bedsores. Pain medications are assigned and others, depending on the indications, patient's age and the intake of other essential medicines. If there are no contraindications, is assigned to products with calcium, vitamin complexes.
6
The patient needs to provide a balanced diet with a predominant content of vegetables, fruits and dairy products, as being in bed with no appetite, and poor work all the digestive and cleansing functions of the body. The drink should be plentiful.
7
Above the bed should organize a Balkan frame that will raise the sacrum to prevent pressure sores. Rationally buy anti-bedsore mattresses. According to statistics, with little care 80% of elderly patients with a fractured neck of femur die in the first year after the fracture, because the person becomes absolutely weak and without nursing care will not survive.
Is the advice useful?
Search