Advice 1: How to treat a sprain groin

Stretching the groin is a very unpleasant injury. It makes itself felt, regardless of what you do, whether moving or lying motionless. Athletes to reduce the impact of such trauma try, for example, the maximum you can reduce your workout. You can also use some of their methods.
How to treat a sprain groin

The cause of the injury


Stretching the groin is a fairly common injury among people who engaged in sports activities. It is a consequence of sharp change of load in the region of the adductor muscles of the thigh or a sharp change of directions of activity of the muscles.

Relax


The first and most obvious way to prevent complications of injuries and reduce pain – more rest and refrain from excessive physical activity. Duration of stay depends on the severity of the stretching, which you received. Even a slight groin pain associated with this injury require rest for 2 – 3 weeks. With significant pain stay can last up to 2 months.

Swelling and bruising


To treat this injury immediately. One of the first things that is necessary to make tensile groin – cooling of the muscles. Apply to the affected area of the groin pouch with ice, it will help to avoid the formation of swelling and bruising, and significantly reduce pain. Apply ice every 2 – 3 hours for about 20 minutes. To prevent bruising, you can also use a special bandage for groin muscles. It helps to compress muscles and to bring them thus in tone.
To stop inflammation and to reduce pain you can take special anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen.


Exercises


Before you perform any physical action, you should warm up your muscles of the injured groin. This helps to restore normal blood circulation in this area and allow the muscles ready for physical activity. Sit on the floor, leaning back against the wall. Keep the feet together and pull them to the groin, knees should be pointing in different directions. Press lightly on your legs with your hands so that your knees as close to the floor, you will feel a slight pain in the groin. Hold this position for 20 seconds, then relax and repeat the exercise. Such exercise is best done in combination with therapeutic massage.
Before performing the stretching it is recommended to warm the muscles with hot compress.


Diet


For the effective recovery of injured muscles of the groin is necessary to strictly follow a special diet. Try to increase the proportion of carbs in their dishes, they help to saturate the muscles with substances necessary for their normal operation.

Advice 2: How to treat sprained knee

Stretching the knee joint is the most common injury that can have a different degree of severity. Generally, this trouble occurs as a result of damage or displacement of the bone. The cause may become excessively intense and sudden movements, severe shock, injury, etc.
How to treat sprained knee
You will need
  • milk, flowers, cornflower, onion, sugar, tarragon, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
Instruction
1
To treat a sprain of the knee , you can use hot milk compresses. As insulation using wool or compression paper. Gauze folded in several layers, soaked in hot milk and applied to the knee. When the compress cools, moisten the cheesecloth again hot milk. So repeated several times.
2
Stretching knee effectively treated with decoction of cornflower. This tool for internal use. Three teaspoons of flowers of cornflower pour with boiling water (0.5 liters). The broth should infuse for one hour, after which it must drain. Take morning, afternoon and evening for half a glass.
3
Use onion gruel. Onions chop, pour sugar. With one piece of onion take ten parts of sugar. Stir - should get a homogeneous mixture. Apply to the damaged ligaments in the form of a closed compress. Bandage loses its effectiveness after six hours, which requires the imposition of a fresh compress.
4
To relieve severe pain caused by strain or injury of the knee joint, to help wormwood. Grind to a mushy state fresh leaves of wormwood and attach to the sore spot. Change the bandage until the pain disappears.
5
In parallel with the methods of traditional medicine can be used non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as gels, ointments, etc. these drugs relieve pain, warm, anti-inflammatory and resolving effect.
6
RUB the medication into the affected area three times a day for 4 g. For stronger effect, use dry heating bandage.

Advice 3: How to treat a sprain hand

Under stretching hands means a sprain, providing strength to the joint, stability and ability to withstand load. To sprain in turn, include traumatic injury with rupture of the connecting fibers. Their number will depend on the severity of the sprain. Its main symptoms are severe pain, swelling.
How to treat a sprain hand
Instruction
1
To facilitate the subsequent treatment and delay the development of serious consequences of injury can properly and timely rendered first aid. First, the victim must comfortable to sit or lay so as to ensure rest and immobility of the injured arm. To immobilize the joint, you should hold the joint tight bandage (elastic bandage) or a splint, if there is a suspicion of a ligament rupture. It can be done from the material at hand, for example, of plywood, of a wide range of boards. Position the tire from two sides at the joint to make it immobile.
2
To reduce swelling and pain put in place stretching ice packs or a cold wet towel. Keep it on for the first two hours, but constantly change, dampen with water. At the onset of bleeding to avoid excessive swelling of the limb should be kept in the raised position.
3
Doctors may advise you to apply ointments and gels that contain anti-inflammatory ingredients: ibuprofen, diclofenac or indomethacin (such as "Nurofen gel", "Efkamon", """ and others). RUB the gel or ointment into the skin of the affected area need three to four grams, then you will need to cover all dry warm bandage.
4
In mild and moderate sprain all the signs will disappear after about five or ten days. The ability to work hands will be back in 5-7 days. But you should contact your doctor immediately if after the specified period, all features are stored. That is not is severe pain, you are not able to move the injured hand and retaining a sense of numbness in the joint or below the redness disappears and you hear a crunching or crackling in the joint. Do not hesitate and when the temperature chills.
5
The specialist will prescribe you treatment ligaments. It includes rehabilitation, physiotherapy, physical therapy, injections of anti-inflammatory drugs (nonsteroidal).
Note
Treatment of folk remedies stretching. Sprain — mild injury, to cure which it is possible. Symptoms: a sprain is characterized by severe pain. The joint swells, the formation of a significant bruise. In tension, accompanied by rupture of ligaments, pain, swelling, and a bruise formed immediately after the injury.
Useful advice
And now a sprain occurs in ligaments. And that, as practice shows, not worth wasting time on folk remedies – it's better just to go to the doctor, then to not be excruciatingly painful. Well, we are going to talk about how to treat a pulled muscle, referring to the most banal their tension, i.e. muscle pain after physical overload.

Advice 4: How to treat a sprain of the foot

Stretching of the foot is a frequent form of injury when playing sports, walking in uncomfortable shoes or high heel shoes. Accompanied by sprains pain and swelling. With such injury it is important to provide first aid to the treatment of the foot went faster and without consequences.
How to treat a sprain of the foot
Instruction
1
When stretching of the foot happens the anguish of ligamentssurrounding the joint. Depending on its extent, the severity of the injury. Mild stretching you will be able to move independently. The pain will be weak, and soft tissue swelling is insignificant. At the second degree of stretching, you will feel pain when moving and a little swelling. A third degree sprain, in which there is a strong ligament rupture accompanied by severe pain and complete inability to move. Self-treatment in this situation may not hold. Need to immediately call an ambulance. Damage to the foot may be accompanied by fracture or crack in the bone, so any tension you need to go to the doctor and x-rays.
2
Regardless of the extent of the injury, provide a rest stop. Remove shoes and socks. Place foot on a small elevation. Place under the foot with a soft cloth and apply ice. Ice will slow down the blood circulation and reduce swelling. If possible, secure the stop with an elastic bandage or splint. Elastic bandage is secured in the form of eight. One loop is held under the foot, and the second – goes to the Shin. Try not to move your foot and do not strain your muscles, otherwise you injure the ligament even more. Transport the victim is held in a horizontal position.
3
For the treatment of foot use the ultrasound, analgesics to relieve pain and inflammation, special ointments. From ointments the most common "Indovazin", "Caffeine", "Diclofenac", "Fastum-gel". The ointment is applied three times daily to intact skin. Then stop that is fixed by elastic bandage. The course of treatment is 7-14 days.
The first two days on the foot is applied to the ice 3-4 times a day for 20 minutes. On the third day when the swelling subsides, you can carry out a foot massage and do compresses of vodka. During treatment, it is desirable to keep at home and avoid any stress on the foot.

Advice 5: How to treat a pulled muscle on the leg

Often stretching of the muscles on the leg occurs when a large physical strain on the ligaments or muscles. Also, this problem can occur when fast or active movements. When the tissues of the ligaments or muscles are too tense, you can feel like something is torn. After that sometimes it even hurts to move and walk. However, to cure a sprain of the muscles on the leg.
How to treat a pulled muscle on the leg

Causes stretching



A large number of people pull muscles in the neck or back when trying something heavy to lift or move, keeping your back straight and without bending the knees. Pull my leg muscles can, straining much when walking or running, or exercising without a warm-up. Not heated and untrained leg muscles are often prone to various kinds of injuries.

An ankle sprain often happens when it bends. At this point, the ligament that connects the knobby part of the bone on the outside of the leg, torn or stretched. This happens most often when there is activity in a variety of sports games or sports.

Knee more vulnerable to sprains when landing wrong after a jump in such sports as basketball, gymnastics, volleyball, etc. Also the knee can be damaged on the ski slope, while riding on the roller or conventional skates.

The main symptoms



Muscles when you stretch too stretched. It is worth considering that when this injury some fabrics may be torn. In damaged areas may form a tumor or bleeding. As the stretching will gradually take place, there may be small scars. Therefore, after injury, the muscle can be less strong and elastic. Can also tear the tissues of the ligaments, if the joint were too tight. In this case it swells and becomes very painful and sensitive.

Treatment stretching



A simple muscle strain treated by applying ice to the affected area of the body and bed routine during the day. After that, cold compresses should be replaced hot.

To heal, usually a few days of lack of exercise. In case of serious damage of the muscles used anti-inflammatory drugs and muscle relaxants.

To prevent simple muscle strain can include in the training program a trivial exercise. In the gym before classes, it is necessary to warm up. To do this, follow a few simple stretching exercises and warming up of the muscles of the body. This is a basic complex that has to fulfill all athletes.

If the muscle strain on the foot does not rest during the day, pain at the site of injury very strong, be sure to consult with a qualified specialist. The doctor, examining the place of injury, put correct and proper diagnosis by assigning the necessary treatment.

Advice 6: Some ointments to treat a sprain

Muscle strain often occurs as a result of heavy physical loads during sports or in everyday life. In damaged areas developing a hematoma, you may receive the pain of different intensity. For relief of the condition, it is recommended to use medical ointment.
Some ointments to treat a sprain

How to treat a sprain



When stretching, you need to create the rest the damaged muscle. As soon as possible to cool the sore spot with ice wrapped in a towel. During the day this cooling procedure is performed every 4 hours for 20-30 minutes. This will reduce swelling and pain. When stretching be effective ointments or gels that contain anti-inflammatory agents (diclofenac, indometacin, ibuprofen). You can buy product "Fastum gel" or "Fibrofog" (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs), "Efkamon", which has a warming, anti-inflammatory, action. In the "Arcamone" is tincture of Struchkova pepper, methyl salicylate, essential oils and other components. This ointment effectively relieves the pain and relieve the inflammation of the tendon-ligament apparatus.
When stretching you should always consult a traumatologist and an x-ray to rule out serious injury.


The selected remedy should be massaged in a circular motion in the area of damage. After application you need to roll up the place a warm scarf. The duration of application of the ointment will depend on the nature of the injury. Tensile mild to moderate severity shown the ingestion of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (for example, "Nimesil"). When severe pain, you need to take an analgesic.

Drugs for the treatment of sprains



Sprains you can use the ointment "Analges", is a vasodilator, it creates a feeling of warmth, stimulates the metabolism, increases blood flow and reduces muscle tone. When severe pain is used "We", it contains bee venom, methyl salicylate, mustard and essential oil. The drug activates the metabolism, increases the elasticity of muscles and connective tissue, improves local blood flow and reduces pain. For reviews of therapeutic effect develops in a few minutes after applying the ointment. It is applied on painful location in the amount of 2-3 g. after 1-2 minutes rubbing it and do a light massage.
Sprains can also apply the ointment "Finalgon" and it contains butoxiatilovy ester of nicotinic acid and onilovoy acid, has a strong warming effect. This tool must not get on mucous membranes and abrasions.


For bruises, sprains shown ointment "Delbene" containing heparin, dimethyl sulfoxide, dexpanthenol. Heparin is the anticoagulant of direct action, effective for bruises. DMSO has antiexudative, anti-inflammatory and local anesthetic action. Dexpanthenol improves metabolic processes, promotes restoration of damaged tissues.
Ointment "first days without" is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is a modified form of ibuprofen. The active ingredient quickly relieves pain and swelling, increases joint flexibility.

Advice 7: How to treat a sprain

A sprain of the joint – this is a nasty injury, which is manifested sharp pain in the region of the ankles (most often). To cure a sprain can be cold, iodine, tight bandage, compresses and ointments. The treatment it is important to show consistency and patience.
How to treat a sprain
You will need
  • - iodine;
  • - troxevasin-gel;
  • - badyaga;
  • - vodka.
Instruction
1
The injured area usually swells quickly, it really hurts, walk it becomes difficult. As soon as you can apply to the sore spot something cold, until the piece of meat out of the freezer or soaked in cold water towel. This will help reduce swelling.
2
Eliminate the broken leg. If the bone is intact and the plaster is not required (and this can only be determined by x-ray), treatment of sprains of the joint can be performed at home.
3
Make iodine mesh on the place of stretching. Apply it 2-3 times daily until swelling subsides.
4
Damaged joint lock imposition of a very tight bandage. As it breaks and in order to once again make iodine mesh bandage will need to remove and to pull over again, even at night.
5
In the early days the leg hurts very much, so keep quiet and try to walk as little as possible.
6
As a rule, at strong stretching and especially when ligaments are damaged the blood vessels, formed a large hematoma and leg turns blue, and almost black. In this case, several times a day RUB troxevasin gel (to restore the walls of blood vessels) and use of the pain or ointment with its contents, which promotes the resorption of hematomas and bruises.
7
After three or four days you can start to do warm compresses, which will help to cope with pain and to reduce swelling. At this stage of treatment is useful and packs of vodka. Do not use pure alcohol – it can burn the skin.
8
The most important is the stretching of the joint necessarily need to be treated until the end, until complete recovery and strengthen the ligaments that disappeared all symptoms. Do 15-minute massage of the ankle, and wear a pressure bandage for at least a week after the skin will restore the natural color, otherwise it is possible relapses.

Advice 8: How to treat sprained wrist

Stretching called damage to the ligaments, tendons, muscles and other tissues, wherein their integrity is not broken. In tension in the joint severe pain and there is swelling.
How to treat sprained wrist
Instruction
1
A wrist sprain is an injury to the ligaments around the wrist. Usually injured ligaments that hold together the lower ends of the two bones of the forearm – the radius and ulna, or the ligaments which unite the bones of the wrist.
2
When you stretch the wrist there is a sharp pain, joint instability, wrist swelling, and range of motion in this area becomes limited.
3
Immediately after injury, the injured arm must be put up and attach to the wrist cold ice wrapped in a cloth or towel soaked in cold water. After half an hour the cold is removed and the hand in the wrist area tight bandage. The next step is the emergency room.
4
If the doctor finds that the cords or fabric of the whole, and was only a sprain, to treat the injury at home. To reduce pain and the swelling for two days to the affected area need to apply cold. These days injured joint, it is desirable to provide rest. To do this, the sprained wrist you can use the pendant loop.
5
To trauma not accumulate fluid, at times open your and squeeze the joint. To reduce the pain take a painkiller. It will also accelerate healing of the injury anti-inflammatory drugs.
6
A new treatment for sprains of the wrist is bioenergiesysteme treatment using electrotherapeutic device prologue 02.
7
After about a week the pain from stretching subsides and the swelling goes down. You can now resume normal operation of the joint, performing rehabilitation exercises. You can start with circular motions to warm up the joint and ligaments. If this exercise causes pain, discontinue the execution. So the ligaments haven't healed.
8
When exercises will not cause pain, you can begin to strengthen the muscles around the injury. To do this is to consult with a physical therapist who will offer a special set. When playing sports, try to not load the injured area.
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