Broken ribs: symptoms, first aid
Broken ribs accompanied by severe pain in the chest, which is exacerbated by coughing, deep breath. Breathing becomes shallow, resulting in increased risk of developing pneumonia. On examination revealed a painful swelling where a strong shock, injury. Broken ribs are the characteristic symptom of "broken breath," because of the pain people interrupt trying to breathe deeply. Revealed tenderness and the execution of inclinations in a healthy way.
Trauma the ribs can be damaged by light, in this case, the patient may experience subcutaneous emphysema, hemoptysis, pneumothorax (accumulation of air in the pleura), hemothorax (accumulation in the pleural cavity of blood). As a first aid in case of fracture of the ribs necessary to give the victim a painkiller and lock the chest in the same position. For this purpose it tight bandage bandages.
During transport to hospital the victim should be sitting or in polusidya position.
How long is the treatment for broken ribs
The average duration of treatment of uncomplicated rib fractures is about 1 month. The young people bones heal in two to three weeks. In people aged 40 years broken ribs heal themselves in three to four weeks, older the period of treatment is long - up to six months. Uncomplicated fracture, cracked one or two ribs treated on an outpatient basis. The patient should come to the hospital for a doctor's appointment and the planned procedure.
During the first call the surgeon performs the local anesthetic or Vago-sympathetic blockade by Vishnevsky for pain relief. To avoid complications, is palpation of the abdomen. The victim is assigned analgesics, expectorant drugs, physiotherapy to improve lung ventilation, physiotherapy. To fix the broken ribs is not required. As a rule, fixing is only possible with significant injuries to the chest, with the current unstable fractures.
If you suspect the development of complications during treatment perform x-rays.
Complicated fractures of three or more edges are treated in a hospital. In cases of severe pneumothorax, hold the puncture for removal of air. When hemothorax is produced the removal of blood from the pleural cavity also with a puncture. If the patient developed post-traumatic pneumonia, to restore normal ventilation in addition to the main treatment he prescribed physiotherapy. During the recovery period after a fracture to the victim it is best to sleep on a high pillow and smooth the surface to ensure elevated torso during sleep.
Advice 2 : How long heal multiple fractures
Bone fractures can be as a result of the trauma and the consequence of diseases tuberculosis, osteoporosis and other pathological conditions involving bone resorption. Full recovery after bone fracture takes a long time and depends on the nature of the injury and properly and in a timely manner were treated.
The healing time of fractures depend on multiple factors, the main of which is the type of fracture. Simple uncomplicated fracture without displacement of the bones will grow together more quickly than comminuted or spiral.
Large bones heal slowly – fracture tibia heal in average for two to three months, whereas a broken wrist bone can grow together in four weeks, and the thumb for 20-25 days. It is not a complete healing – within a specified time only occurs the formation of callus and the regeneration of bone and complete bone reconstruction usually takes at least three to four months. When multiple fractures of time for treating each injury required more.
Another factor influencing the rate of healing – General condition of the body. Even severe fractures in young healthy people or in children heal much faster than simple fractures in elderly, malnourished or suffering from metabolic disorders.
Slowly accrete fractures of the holders of excess weight and people suffering from chronic diseases, especially inflammatory.
The most serious are hip fractures and spine. When hip fracture patients are forced to be immobile for 6-8 months, and about half of the victims do not restores the activity completely, even for several years after the injury. At the same time, according to statistics, hip fractures in women to heal slower than in men, and a large dependence on age – the older the patient the less likely a full recovery.
Fractures of the spine dangerous spinal cord injuries and a variety of complications that occur even after safely cured injuries. Patients have to be immobile for 3-4 months, but after that physical activity remains banned.
Frequent fractures of the tibia heal in average for 10-12 weeks, but support when walking, patients are still required for several months.
The facial bones, like the toes, heal fairly quickly - in an average of two to three weeks. Relatively quickly coalesce, and the rib – usually healing takes from three weeks to one month, and in uncomplicated and incomplete fractures or fractures of the ribs, patients do not always require hospitalization.
Fractures of the clavicle or ulna are fused for 6-7 weeks, for the restoration of the pelvis takes more time – up to two months.