You will need
- - tutorials on Russian language
- - reference literature.
Use reference books. Good to have in your home library different dictionaries: spelling, pronouncing, explanatory, idiomatic. Then you will be able to obtain reliable information on the correct spelling, pronunciation of words and its origin and compatibility with other words. If you don't want to spend the budget on books, we can use e-books, but only on sites that are actually linked to philological Sciences.
Do the exercises from textbooks. So you can test yourself on the answers that are usually given at the end of the textbook. You can also use the interactive dictations, which you can find on specialized websites on the Internet.
Read more of classic literature. Reading develops the intellect and visual memory, so in the future it is possible to "learn" a difficult word and write it correctly.
Listen to samples of good oratory. Competent person not only writes but speaks correctly. In the modern media has fallen considerably speech, so it is not necessary to learn modern radio or television. On the Internet there are sites where you can listen to recorded voices of the great speakers of the past, like Levitan.
If you are absolutely confident in their abilities, can work independently through the tutorials, reference materials, etc. If not, contact your tutor who will help you choose the best method of learning. But in any case, the main factor of success is only your motivation and focus on achieving results.
To remember the complex rules of Russian spelling, use a special "zapominalka". These include, for example, the classic phrase "Gypsy stood on tiptoe and shouted at the chicken" which helps to remember words of the exception in rule writing And S after TS.
Advice 2 : How to teach Russian to foreigners
If you teach Russian language of the alienm or decided to help learn how to speak to your friends from another country, you need to take into account the specifics of native culture of the students and to give an idea about the history, culture, life and traditions of Russia.
You will need
- Handbook on teaching Russian as a foreign language;
- dictionaries (explanatory, foreign words);
- course of phonetics (records);
- movies on Russian language.
- - audio recordings in Russian;
- albums on Russian art.
Study of methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language.In order to teach Russian as a foreign language, ideally you should finish special courses. Today, there are many techniques that are successfully used by Russian language teachers and representatives of different nationalities they are different as they are based on the characteristics of the native languages of the foreigners. There is basic rule: you need to own native language learners or to provide its structure.
Get phonetics (theoretical and practical).Each language has its own characteristics: the sounds in French and Russian, for example, are not repeated, although often similar. The speech apparatus is formed in childhood, so difficult to adapt to a foreign phonetic system. One should be careful to put the sounds to practice pronunciation of sound combinations, given a melodic line phrases. In principle, the language in this aspect is similar to music: you must learn the art of phrasing and intonation.
See movies and listen to music in Russian.A useful practice is to movies, TV shows, and listening to music in the original language: so you include the student in the hearing process authentic speech, which is spoken designs, varying dialects and subdialects. During training it is important to develop language skills, and acquaintance with the audio and video will contribute to this. It is useful to write the idioms and jokes that are often used Russian in conversation (example: "to Live well! But to live well is even better"), it will allow the foreigner to "read" the connotation of the phrases, learn their.
Visit museums, exhibitions and concert halls.Language learning should be accompanied by familiarity with the culture of the country. For this, you need to attend lectures on art, museums and galleries, concerts and performances. Studying Russian Opera, a painting of the Wanderers, the architectural features of churches and iconostasis, foreigners learn to understand the Russian national character and the logic of language (sentence structure, conjugation of verbs, the use of times).
The most important thing when learning a foreign language is to find a motivation for your student. It may be necessary to communicate in Russian with colleagues, plans to obtain citizenship or the dream to read all the novels of Dostoevsky in the original.
Consider the culture of each country while working with a foreigner, you try to adapt his thinking to the Russian reality. Talking with a student about the history of Russia, you need to constantly refer to the history of his native country, to seek a connection between them and the point of intersection.
Advice 3 : How to learn Russian language
Perhaps you have never had the inclination for the Russian language, or you persistently truant dictations at school. However, the ability to write correctly is necessary in many professions, and the Secretary laid not for everyone. If you wish, deficiencies in education can be quickly filled.
You will need
- - school textbooks in the Russian language;
- books of Russian classics;
- courses in the Russian language.
Get off the shelf textbooks and manuals. Of course, there are people with an innate literacy, which, not knowing a single rule, know how to write perfectly. However, the majority still have to memorize in which cases to adjectives to spell one and two "n". If you really want to learn Russian language, with intensive courses you will be able to master the program in a couple of months. Those rules, which you often make mistakes, write down in a notebook, so they're always at your fingertips.
Psychologists distinguish three types of memory: visual, auditory, motor. People with visual memory, it is best to remember the spelling of words, seeing them in front of him. Holders of auditory memory to remember the words as they were dictated. People with the third kind of memory to remember the spelling using the spelling of these words.
Find out what your memory and practice using your strengths. Armed with a copy of the Russian classic in a nice edition. If you have a well developed visual memory – read as much as possible. Try to use every free minute to look at the book. Holders of auditory memory will be easier to do at home, because they have to read themselves aloud. People with mechanical memory every day should be to rewrite a few pages of the classics.
The best result will be achieved if you combine two ways of remembering. For example, after you have copied an excerpt from the story, read it aloud. You will learn to write much faster.
If you cannot fill the gaps in education to help Russian language courses. Studying under the guidance of an experienced teacher, you will be able to learn Russian language in a short period of time.
Advice 4 : How to pull knowledge of the Russian
If you have noticed that I often make mistakes when writing or speaking, there's no shame, because with a little effort, this deficiency can be easily corrected. There are many ways to pull knowledge of the Russian language.
If there is such a possibility, of course, the ideal option would be to contact the teacher of the Russian language, to enroll in additional classes or hire a tutor at home. In this case, the teacher will explain the moments that came before this most incomprehensible. In addition, the teacher can create an individual program for each specific your student with the time that is allotted to a repetition of the rules.
A big plus in work with as a teacher is that you don't have to try to discover your mistakes that will help much faster to correct them. At the same time will always be the one to consult.
For anybody not a secret that the most effective learning of the Russian language at hand, you must have a number of dictionaries. You can also use simple textbooks or encyclopedias on the subject, where are detailed all the rules.
By selecting some convenient benefits, you will be able to create their own individual program of repetitions. It is possible to adhere to the following plan:
- define the main problems that you encounter in writing or in oral speech;
- make a list of the most difficult words, prepositions, etc.;
- if possible, write down the basic rules and words to the recorder;
- put in the reps at least half an hour every day;
- pick up literature for further reading;
- every day do written assignment on the rules that are most difficult for you;
before going to sleep repeat all their records and listen to the recorder with the prepared material.
It should be noted that reading is one of the main ways to tighten as pronunciation and grammar of the Russian language. Confined to one reference books and dictionaries, it is not necessary.
To study the Russian language, one should not exclude the use of Internet sources. Thanks to the convenient selection of knowledge bases and the possibilities of online learning, you can not only pull, but as much as possible to improve their spelling and pronunciation. Also come to the aid of electronic dictionaries, which are always handy to carry and repeat the words, for example, in the subway on the way to the University.
Professional resources will help you not only strengthen your knowledge but also to understand the peculiarities of Russian grammar. For example, on the website www.gramota.ru you can find tutorials on the subject, participate in contests and competitions, and to develop listening comprehension.