Without knowing the rules you can't learn proper spelling.
You have to understand the main idea of the rules, the essence of it.
Competent and smart teacher always build a lesson so that the student was not an object but is a subject of study. It needs to teach the child not to get a ready knowledge, and to get them.
If the student is in the lesson itself comes to opening, learning the rules is not difficult, because he understands what they are talking about.
The rules of the Russian language is very often a lot of words-exceptions, the writing of which you must remember. It's easy to do, making up funny rhymes or phrases. So, children quickly memorize the verbs-exceptions when studying the spelling of personal endings.
Studying the writing of the letters "I", "s" after the "C" students are easy to memorize words-exceptions for the ridiculous phrase: "Gypsy on tiptoe, the chicken hissed shut up". If you make another illustration of how ridiculous the Gypsy stealing a chicken, then memorizing this rule will not cause any difficulties.
Teach your children well see the structure of words, i.e., to allocate its parts: root, suffix, prefix, end. It will also help to intelligently approach the learning rules. They will understand where in the word orfogramm, referred to.
If children know how to identify the part of speech, it will also simplify the process of understanding the rules.
When learning the rules concerning the formulation of punctuation, you will help the ability to see the structure of sentences and to allocate part of it.
Learn how to work with the schemes proposals. Graphically by a schematic rule to remember is much easier.