Advice 1: How to teach Russian

Professionals will say don't hesitate: any language, especially a native, your, needs to be taught first and foremost with love. But there are features of teaching Russian is actually a different language depending on whom the language is taught to native speaker or foreigner.
How to teach Russian
Instruction
1
To begin, decide who your student: a child or an adult..what nationality (Russian or foreigner). It is also important to determine the level of proficiency in Russian language (for foreigners). All the above are basic principles that you must build. Without regard to their you can easily stray into the wrong path. In addition, it is necessary to understand in what format will pass your classes. Whether it's individual lessons or group lessons? Do you teach at a language school or University courses? Depending on this will change and the curriculum.
2
If you teach Russian language for foreigners, make it easy for them mastering the Russian language to the extent possible. Remember (if you are in Russia) that people was in a different language environment, faced with different culture and are probably experiencing culture shock. Diversify your class exercises give students the "exit" field: if you pass the theme "restaurant" - then drag them to the restaurant, even if they are shy and struggle, if the theme of "Products" - that all truths and untruths lure them to the market, even if they are not good in Russian money.
3
The main thing in working with foreigners studying Russian language, - overcoming the language barrier and "communication", that is, in live communication. What matters here isn't even the rules of spelling and grammatical errors. Grammar is also important but it's important that people understand and that people understand other people. They need communication skills that will allow them to rotate freely in a different cultural environment. Do not hammer them down so that they don't need and that only unnecessary ballast settles they have in mind.
4
Russian is more important to explain the rules of spelling and the functions that perform certain linguistic units of their native language. They need to understand what is what in their native language. Stylistics, lexicology, syntax is very important sections of the science of language. A native speaker must have at least a minimal understanding of them, to write and to speak correctly. You see, if foreigners, it is important to teach speaking, native speakers, it is important to teach how to speak and write correctly.
5
Whoever you were trying to teach Russian language, your lessons should be based on some cross-cultural material to students and students could learn more about Russia. Neither the native speakers nor the aliens can use it. Make use of the texts of the classics, for foreigners - adapted texts for Russian - unadapted to study the language associated with the best achievements of Russian culture. And the lessons will be more interesting for you and for students.

Advice 2 : How to learn Russian language for foreigners

Russian language is incredibly complex. It is us, Russian-speaking, it is clear that such a view, for example. But foreigners have to get this, to make exercises, to find suitable texts, so that they were all clear, like we do. And so the teaching is not an easy thing and becomes even more difficult when I have to explain what you understand on an intuitive level.
How to learn Russian language for foreigners
Instruction
1
Determine the level of proficiency of their students. Full zero or he already knows the simplest phrase? It also happens that a person is free to Express himself in a language he understands and he understands, but he makes mistakes, the negative effect of which is eliminated through gestures and facial expressions. For each of these cases, you need to make your program.
Group - that's another story. Here it is necessary to determine the average level of proficiency. If you do not, do not assume that the weak will follow the strong. The weak just give up because they do not understand.
2
Choose how you will work with the intermediate language or no and please explain to the student (or group) of your choice. If a person already has some basic knowledge, it is very important to stimulate talking to him in the target language. But you don't need to do this if this approach only complicates the process.
When working with groups often and this choice does not remain: for example, when together people from different countries, who do not know each other's language and did not speak English. In this case, will have or are already existing basic knowledge and slowly, clearly pronounce phrases control the educational process, or to get out and explain these basic things on your fingers.
3
The explanation on the fingers, often used when meeting new words. Masters suggest to use the translation only as a check of understanding. Themselves on their own words to cementitious - to explain the meaning through pictures, gestures, play of entire situations or definitions in Russian, the latter only works for the advanced level.
4
The lessons have to do are fun. If your group gathered sociable, ordinary people, will greatly help the game. They can and buku to stir - it is unlikely that you will have to work with a completely private man, bad going on contact. But if the student does not want to join the game, no need to force it.
Use for the lessons interesting texts, videos. Take the topics that interest the students. Ask their opinions often do not impose their own. And when they have more or less mastered vocabulary and grammar, put them in a situation of real communication, for example, if your topic is "restaurant", in the end you have to go to a real restaurant.
5
Remember that the lessons of Russian as a foreign new vocabulary you need to give based on the old grammar and new grammar based on the passed words and expressions. So you will ensure proper digestion and consolidate the material, and your students will not be too difficult to understand you.

Advice 3 : How to teach Russian language for foreigner

Teaching foreigners the Russian language is a complicated, time-consuming, multistep process that requires extensive knowledge in linguistic and linguo-cultural spheres.
How to teach Russian language for foreigner
You will need
  • - A foreigner;
  • - linguistic education;
  • - knowledge of foreign language;
  • - extensive knowledge in the field of methods of teaching Russian as a foreign language.
Instruction
1
Teaching Russian as a foreign language is now experiencing a rebirth. Approach to grammar that had dominated for decades, gives a comprehensive method of teaching. An integrated approach is more adapted to non-standard speech situation. A foreigner who studied this method, it is easy to find that answer, because accustomed to independently formulate their thoughts (cliched phrase in this approach are used minimally).
2
The advantage of the integrated approach is that the speech recognition in this case is faster due to the fact that people, training in a large number of his speaking, hears and feels as if he uttered the word, and therefore is more likely to properly translate it. Also a big role plays his own conversation – he probably heard he uses design and easily recognize them.
3
To teach Russian language to a foreigner, using a complex method of teaching, pay attention to typical difficulties. First and foremost, is the difficulty in interpreting the meaning of the word, caused by polysemy and homonymy. Give this aspect enough time, explain to your students every complicated case.
4
There are also difficulties in the recognition of speech sounds is the existence of words that differ by only one sound ([Sabor]- [the fence]). The alien is not immediately perceive the distinction at the hearing.
5
The greatest difficulty for learners of Russian language occur in written speech. The alien is not immediately possible to explain the principle of verification of unstressed vowels in the root words (many languages lack this phenomenon, and students are extremely difficult to recognize and test this type of orfogramm). The system of case endings and its relationship with the three declensions in Russian language is a difficult to digest complex grammar.
6
The foreigner studying Russian language, the need to digest huge number of theoretical and practical material. But if you constantly dictate and encourage the memorization of rules, vocabulary, syntactic structures, then the learner will have difficulties in communicative sphere.
7
If you really want your student had a good command of the Russian language, when learning use the following pattern: "Identify regularities" - "language" - "Deepening into the theory" (depending on the level of education and possibly the use of visual AIDS).
8
Example:
Subject: Nouns of the third declension.
Step 1.
The words: night, daughter, speech, Sich, Dich, oven...
Question: which part of speech are these words?
Learner response: They answer the question "who?what?" and is a noun.
Question: What kind of nouns are these?
Answer: Women.
Question: what do these nouns end in?
Answer: "b".
9
Step 2.
Thus, nouns of the third declension is feminine nouns ending in a soft sign.
10
Step 3.
You should note that the soft sign at the end is written only in nouns of the third declension, and nouns in the plural.CH., R. p., for example, "clouds", "task", soft sign is not written.
Is the advice useful?
Search