What is literacy
Literacy in the truest sense – a person's ability to read well, write correctly and build it in accordance with the rules of the native language. Literacy can be congenital or acquired.
If you write without errors, but can't play any rules of the Russian language and read voraciously the classics – you have an innate literacy. It is based on the sense of language on the genetic level.
Purchased literacy is the result of self-development and self-improvement, tireless work.
The path to literacy is a staircase with many steps
In the modern world literacy is a hallmark of the man. In its absence it is impossible to get a good paying job – HR-menendzhery track this nuance at the time of receipt of the application or summary. It is noticed that people with right speech, rich vocabulary and ability to write without mistakes, and achieve success in any chosen field. A competent person is a priori perceived as intellectually developed, he more than any other respect. But literacy is a matter not of a single day. You will need patience and perseverance in this noble cause.
Methods of improving literacy
To start, determine what is your "weak" parties, and that you would like to improve: spelling, punctuation, grammar, art of speech. Introspection has to be objective. Next, make yourself an outline and move to the assigned target using the following methods of literacy development.
One method is to read classic literature. The benefits of reading good books cannot be overestimated. Even if you've read all the literature provided for the school program, there are still many new works, which – believe me – you will definitely need. It is possible that once read, you understand it differently – thanks to the acquired experience. While reading, you can feel the style works, collocations, punctuation features. Will certainly expand your vocabulary. In addition, reading helps to develop visual memory. But you need to read slowly, thoughtfully, reflecting on every phrase. Especially pay attention to difficult words and long sentences with complex punctuation.
The second method is armed with dictionaries. This can be as a book and electronic version. If you are not sure how to correctly write a particular word, or are faced with a new word, the values of which do not know – do not be lazy to consult a dictionary. Over time you will need it less and less.
The third method – learn the rules of the Russian language. One rule a day is enough.
The fourth method is to listen to audiobooks. For the development of literacy is very useful to listen to the correct "live" speech. Auditory memory will not hurt.
The fifth method is to write dictations. Start with the easy text, over time, increasing its complexity and volume.
Sixth method – make it a rule to write correctly everywhere. Even in social networks, chat rooms and forums – where in the order of things is to distort the words, conveying only the meaning of them ("finally", "how to thread").
The seventh method – try to make audio or video recording of his speech. If you listen to yourself, it will be easier to understand what is the error your speech.
The eighth method is to develop literacy and can be in the form of a game. Do not hesitate to get involved with crossword puzzles and computer games that help to develop your intellectual ability (anagrams, charades, rebuses, etc.).
The ninth method – enroll in Russian language courses. Professional help never hurt anyone.