Advice 1: How to apply for benefits to disabled groups

Under Russian law people with disabilities are entitled to assistance from the state. In the system of social protection included measures of financial and legal support to the patients to improve their living conditions. However, we must remember that the preferential right has declarative character. To get more opportunities, the patient must apply to the competent state authorities.
How to apply for benefits to disabled groups
You will need
  • - passport;
  • - the insurance pension certificate;
  • - the account details;
  • - help BMSE of assignment of disability group;
  • - individual program of rehabilitation;
  • - documents for the right to use residential premises;
  • - certificate on family composition;
  • - receipt for the payment of utility bills for the previous month;
  • - the documents confirming the presence of dependents (birth certificate of minor children, etc.);
  • the act of examination of housing conditions;
  • - the documents of the vehicle;
  • - documents for the right of ownership of land etc.
Examine the list of benefits available to persons with disabilities in your region. The law allows the subjects of the Russian Federation to expand measures to support the disabled at the expense of local budgets. For clarification, contact the Department (Department Committee) of social protection or find official information on the websites of public authorities. In many cities, work centres, citizen service specialists who can also advise on the benefits.
Open personal Bank account in a Russian Bank. The majority of benefits are monetized, i.e. are available in the form of monthly transfers to the savings account or credit card of the disabled person.
Please contact your regional office of the Pension Fund for the accrual of pension on disability and the monthly monetary payments (EDV). Pension shall be granted to all persons with disabilities. But its size depends on the group. EDV replace natural package of social services (free medicines, journey in suburban railway transport, sanatorium treatment). This benefit is provided at the request of the disabled person.
Present employees Pension Fund certificate from the Bureau of medico-social examination, confirming the fact of establishment of you of a certain disability group. In addition, it is necessary to have at itself the passport, the insurance pension certificate, the account details for the transfer of money, copies of birth certificates of minor children, under the care of a disabled person, or documents certifying the identity of other dependents. A statement on the provision of pensions and EDV write on the model issued by the Foundation staff.
Visit the regional (district, city) on social protection. Here you will be able to issue other types of benefits: payment of housing and communal services, to improve living conditions, to education, to care for disabled patients (visit to disabled social worker). Here you will give information about the right use of the privileges of the established sample. They need to include in your organization that is directly providing services, for example to the management company at the place of residence to reduce utility bills.
In on social security you must show the documents, confirming the presence of disability and specific rights to a particular benefit. Thus, to obtain the benefits of rent will need a certificate of state registration of premises, a certificate of the number of residents (the extract from the house register) and paid receipts for the previous months. If you are applying for the improvement of living conditions, collect the documents certifying the lack of square meters and/or the inability to stay disabled in existing housing conditions.
Inform the employer about the assignment to you of disability. You don't have to do, if you do not need a change in working conditions. In other cases, the head of the organization is required to equip your workplace or to transfer you to another job site that meets the requirements of the individual program of rehabilitation. The personnel Department submit a certificate of disability and medical recommendations for the organization of labor.
Inform the tax office at the place of residence about obtaining disability. People with disabilities the state provides a number of specific deductions. So, owners of cars with 1 or 2 disability group, will be reduced vehicle tax. The same category has the right to reduce the taxable base of land ownership and avoid paying tax on property of physical persons.

Advice 2 : What are the benefits to disabled groups

One of the most common issues people are having first, second, or third group of disability is a question of the privileges granted to them by the Russian legislation. Net list of benefits depends on a person's disability group: the higher it is, the more benefits he receives.
What are the benefits to disabled groups
If you are an invalid of the first group, know that you are eligible for a 50% discount on payment for public utility services such as gas, water, electricity and heating, as well as 50% discount for payment home phone and medicines prescribed by a doctor and included in the list of preferential medicines. 50% discount is also provided for travel by rail or by air during the "autumn-spring".
In addition, you get free travel on any form of urban and suburban transport, mandatory leave equal to 30 calendar days leave without pay of 60 calendar days and a free Spa treatment once a year.
The list of benefits granted to invalids of the first group are a reduction of the working day or working week and a ban on involvement in night work, overtime without their prior consent. Released disabled of the first group and from the payment of land tax.
If you have a second group of disability, you are entitled to the same benefits as for disabled of the first group. In addition to these, you are partially exempt from the payment of taxes associated with ownership of vehicles and real estate.
People with the third group of disability provided a lower level of benefits compared to disabled first and second groups. In the list of benefits includes: free travel on public transport (except taxi), 50% discount on travel by rail during the "autumn-spring", free Spa treatment, 1 time in 2 years.
Invalids of the third group can claim on compulsory leave of 26 calendar days, and leave without pay with a duration of 30 calendar days. With the consent of the management of the organization, a third group disabled may work part-time or part-time. The salary will be Pro rata to time. In the list of benefits for people includes the prohibition of forcible engaging them in night or overtime work.
Persons with disabilities and the first, second, and third groups are eligible for monthly cash benefits, the amount of which does not depend on their seniority and the circumstances under which was the injury or illness leading to disability.

Advice 3 : What tax benefits exist for persons with disabilities

Support for people with disabilities is one of the most important tasks facing love government. Russia in this issue is no exception. Programs to support people with disabilities different. One of them concerns benefits in tax payments.
What tax benefits exist for persons with disabilities
The transport tax, property tax, land, etc. - the list of payments in the budget, which must be made by citizens, is quite broad. Also subject to tax and business - both small and large. Many disabled people have hidden disabilities, so it can afford to open their own business. But their disability allows them to receive a number of benefits.
It is worth remembering that the disability will have to regularly confirm. After all, benefits are provided only for actors with disabilities. Where such confirmation is required for almost all groups.

Privileges to disabled people to pay vehicle tax

From payment of vehicle tax exempt invalids of the great Patriotic war, Invalidi fighting, invalids I-II groups, people with restrictions to labour activity of II-III degree. However, these benefits are only valid on one vehicle, the owner of which must be persons with disabilities.

In addition, it is worth considering that there are a number of requirements to the car, which is owned by person with disabilities. So, for example, is not taxed a car with power up to 100 horsepower or a car manufactured more than 15 years ago.
Also under the tax exemption are cars with a capacity of 100 HP, acquired through the organs of protection of the population in a lawful manner. This provision is stipulated in article 358 of the tax code.

Privileges to disabled people to pay property tax

The property tax also refers to a category of payments, which can free people with disabilities. Don't have to give money to the Treasury for the available square meters for the disabled I-II groups, invalids of the great Patriotic war, the disabled of childhood.

Reduction of tax base on non-taxable amount of 10 000 is expected for those who were injured in the fighting on the territory of the USSR and Russia, invalids of Chernobyl, as well as those who suffered from radiation sickness as the result of any tests, exercises, etc.

A tax on entrepreneurship

Benefits in payment of business tax, disabled unable to. So, for those who have marked I, II, III group can get the standard deductions provided for in article 218 of the tax code. In addition, persons with disabilities, opened entrepreneur can obtain social tax deductions, for example, of the amount paracanoe for treatment.

In addition, disabled I-II groups can be osvobozeni 50% from payment of state duty for committing all types of notarial acts. The disabled entrepreneurs have rights to tax deduction of 500 roubles for every month tax period when the tax base is to get the disabled income.

With regard to social tax, PIS, headed by the disabled from any of the 3 groups get exemption from payment of CST to their business activities. But the relief in the area of value-added tax not provided.
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