Advice 1: How to apply for benefits to disabled groups

Under Russian law people with disabilities are entitled to assistance from the state. In the system of social protection included measures of financial and legal support to the patients to improve their living conditions. However, we must remember that the preferential right has declarative character. To get more opportunities, the patient must apply to the competent state authorities.
How to apply for benefits to disabled groups
You will need
  • - passport;
  • - the insurance pension certificate;
  • - the account details;
  • - help BMSE of assignment of disability group;
  • - individual program of rehabilitation;
  • - documents for the right to use residential premises;
  • - certificate on family composition;
  • - receipt for the payment of utility bills for the previous month;
  • - the documents confirming the presence of dependents (birth certificate of minor children, etc.);
  • the act of examination of housing conditions;
  • - the documents of the vehicle;
  • - documents for the right of ownership of land etc.
Instruction
1
Examine the list of benefits available to persons with disabilities in your region. The law allows the subjects of the Russian Federation to expand measures to support the disabled at the expense of local budgets. For clarification, contact the Department (Department Committee) of social protection or find official information on the websites of public authorities. In many cities, work centres, citizen service specialists who can also advise on the benefits.
2
Open personal Bank account in a Russian Bank. The majority of benefits are monetized, i.e. are available in the form of monthly transfers to the savings account or credit card of the disabled person.
3
Please contact your regional office of the Pension Fund for the accrual of pension on disability and the monthly monetary payments (EDV). Pension shall be granted to all persons with disabilities. But its size depends on the group. EDV replace natural package of social services (free medicines, journey in suburban railway transport, sanatorium treatment). This benefit is provided at the request of the disabled person.
4
Present employees Pension Fund certificate from the Bureau of medico-social examination, confirming the fact of establishment of you of a certain disability group. In addition, it is necessary to have at itself the passport, the insurance pension certificate, the account details for the transfer of money, copies of birth certificates of minor children, under the care of a disabled person, or documents certifying the identity of other dependents. A statement on the provision of pensions and EDV write on the model issued by the Foundation staff.
5
Visit the regional (district, city) on social protection. Here you will be able to issue other types of benefits: payment of housing and communal services, to improve living conditions, to education, to care for disabled patients (visit to disabled social worker). Here you will give information about the right use of the privileges of the established sample. They need to include in your organization that is directly providing services, for example to the management company at the place of residence to reduce utility bills.
6
In on social security you must show the documents, confirming the presence of disability and specific rights to a particular benefit. Thus, to obtain the benefits of rent will need a certificate of state registration of premises, a certificate of the number of residents (the extract from the house register) and paid receipts for the previous months. If you are applying for the improvement of living conditions, collect the documents certifying the lack of square meters and/or the inability to stay disabled in existing housing conditions.
7
Inform the employer about the assignment to you of disability. You don't have to do, if you do not need a change in working conditions. In other cases, the head of the organization is required to equip your workplace or to transfer you to another job site that meets the requirements of the individual program of rehabilitation. The personnel Department submit a certificate of disability and medical recommendations for the organization of labor.
8
Inform the tax office at the place of residence about obtaining disability. People with disabilities the state provides a number of specific deductions. So, owners of cars with 1 or 2 disability group, will be reduced vehicle tax. The same category has the right to reduce the taxable base of land ownership and avoid paying tax on property of physical persons.

Advice 2: What are the benefits from gold medalists

Even twenty years ago, the gold medal "For special successes in the doctrine" was a kind of admission in the University. The graduates-medalists of it was enough to pass one core exam on excellent to become students. But gradually the privileges received "gold" and "silver" medals for admission to universities decreased, while in 2009 they are not abolished altogether.
What are the benefits from gold medalists



In Soviet times, to a gold or silver medal for excellent study was difficult and very prestigious. For graduates-medalists provided a number of benefits for admission to the University.

In 2009, the Minister of education and science Andrei Fursenko announced changes to the rules of admission to universities for the medalists. Privileges for entering higher educational institutions standouts were eliminated. Now the medalists are doing in institutes and universities on a common basis.

Associated this change with the widespread introduction of schools in the exam in 2009. Now there was no sense enrolling in universities gold medalists in the special conditions. Were the main results of the unified state examination, the higher they are, the higher the chance of admission to the selected University.

Gold medalists and winners of all-Russian competitions may submit the certificate of gold medal or certificate of victory in the Olympics only in one higher educational institution in the other four universities they serve copies of the certificate of the exam and come back on a General basis. But especially worry the winners of the Olympiads is not: their testimony of winning is equal to 100 points received on the exam, and practically guarantees admission to selected relevant University.

However, gold medalists have some advantages today. Under the new rules, is credited to the University an applicant with a gold medal at equal quantity of points with other contenders.

In addition, the company Aeroflot provides incentives to gold medalists from remote regions of the Russian Federation who enter the universities of Moscow. Aeroflot provides them with discounts of 50% payment of tickets for flights from place of residence to Moscow. This exemption applies to graduates of Kamchatka, Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, Omsk, Chita, Perm and Sverdlovsk regions, as well as on gold medal of Khabarovsk and Primorye territories.


Advice 3: What tax benefits exist for persons with disabilities

Support for people with disabilities is one of the most important tasks facing love government. Russia in this issue is no exception. Programs to support people with disabilities different. One of them concerns benefits in tax payments.
What tax benefits exist for persons with disabilities
The transport tax, property tax, land, etc. - the list of payments in the budget, which must be made by citizens, is quite broad. Also subject to tax and business - both small and large. Many disabled people have hidden disabilities, so it can afford to open their own business. But their disability allows them to receive a number of benefits.
It is worth remembering that the disability will have to regularly confirm. After all, benefits are provided only for actors with disabilities. Where such confirmation is required for almost all groups.


Privileges to disabled people to pay vehicle tax



From payment of vehicle tax exempt invalids of the great Patriotic war, Invalidi fighting, invalids I-II groups, people with restrictions to labour activity of II-III degree. However, these benefits are only valid on one vehicle, the owner of which must be persons with disabilities.

In addition, it is worth considering that there are a number of requirements to the car, which is owned by person with disabilities. So, for example, is not taxed a car with power up to 100 horsepower or a car manufactured more than 15 years ago.
Also under the tax exemption are cars with a capacity of 100 HP, acquired through the organs of protection of the population in a lawful manner. This provision is stipulated in article 358 of the tax code.


Privileges to disabled people to pay property tax



The property tax also refers to a category of payments, which can free people with disabilities. Don't have to give money to the Treasury for the available square meters for the disabled I-II groups, invalids of the great Patriotic war, the disabled of childhood.

Reduction of tax base on non-taxable amount of 10 000 is expected for those who were injured in the fighting on the territory of the USSR and Russia, invalids of Chernobyl, as well as those who suffered from radiation sickness as the result of any tests, exercises, etc.

A tax on entrepreneurship



Benefits in payment of business tax, disabled unable to. So, for those who have marked I, II, III group can get the standard deductions provided for in article 218 of the tax code. In addition, persons with disabilities, opened entrepreneur can obtain social tax deductions, for example, of the amount paracanoe for treatment.

In addition, disabled I-II groups can be osvobozeni 50% from payment of state duty for committing all types of notarial acts. The disabled entrepreneurs have rights to tax deduction of 500 roubles for every month tax period when the tax base is to get the disabled income.

With regard to social tax, PIS, headed by the disabled from any of the 3 groups get exemption from payment of CST to their business activities. But the relief in the area of value-added tax not provided.
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