Akathist in Greek is translated literally as Needlenose singing. What does the term "Needlenose singing"? This solemn hymn, memorable holiday song, which is performed standing up. Is it possible to read the akathist to the sitting? Sitting, listening to or reading the akathist is not recommended. The only exception is for sick parishioners.
The akathist of the Theotokos presents twenty-five stanzas, each stanza means writing songs of praise. Songs of praise are arranged in a certain order, according to the letters of the Greek alphabet. Twenty-five songs include thirteen " and twelve ecosov.
Kontakion in translation from Greek language means "house", "a wand was wrapped a scroll." Kontakion embodies a brief song, which provides concise content of the Christian feast, or ode of praise to the Holy one. Read the kontakion always ends with praise of God, which means "Hallelujah."
Ikos in Greek language means the word "house". Ikos is a lengthy song, giving an explanation of the essence of the festive event. For this reason, the ikos never read on their own, but only together with the kontakion. Ikos necessarily ends with a reading of the exclamation "Rejoice". All cosy end with the same refrain as the first kontakion.
Reading each kontakion should read ikos, which is divided into two parts. The first part develops a particular topic. The second part contains twelve lines, each line starts with the word "rejoice" and includes the song-praise.
Twenty-fifth stanza of the Church and liturgical litany or thirteenth kontakion is considered the address-a prayer to the one who is glorified in the akathist being read three times in a row. After the akathist, should read prayers. Akathist to the most Holy Theotokos is sung once a year on Saturday of the fifth week of lent. Otherwise, this day is called "Saturday of the akathist".
Is it possible to read the akathist to the home? Of course. After the reading of the akathist refers to a cell that is homemade prayers. So you can read them even without receiving the blessing of the priest. Before the reading of the akathist to the need to read all the prayers of the publican (as morning or evening prayer). Then read the akathist, three of the thirteenth kontakion of the first ikos and first kontakion. Then read the prayer of the Guardian angel.
Advice 2: Is it possible to read the akathist in the post
During the calendar year the Orthodox Church defines special days on which people must with great zeal to seek God, to strive for spiritual perfection. These periods are called Holy posts. While fasting is not just abstinence from certain foods, but is the human desire to be better exercise of his personality in the spiritual exploits, including prayer.
Currently, there is an opinion on the unreasonableness of the reading of the hymns in the post. The akathist prayer referred to certain works, consisting of 12 Kondakov and inosov, which are prayerful appeal to God, o Theotokos, a particular Saint, expressed in sublime joyful form. The akathist is one of the most joyous and solemn prayers in the Orthodox Church. It is no coincidence that in akafistnaya works person applies, for example, to the Mother of God with enthusiastic greeting: "Rejoice...".
The adherents of the views about the prohibition of the reading of the hymns in the post refer just to that salutary abstinence is a special simply time in which even prayers have to be austere. Some people believe that in the post the soul of a Christian is not allowed to read the prayers of such a "joyful nature". Instead, they say, are certain prayers of repentance content. However, such an Outlook is alien to the Orthodox tradition.
The Church pays special attention to the fact that lent is a time of repentance. Therefore, penitential prayers, ascetic canons is appropriate. In this case, following the gospel words of Christ, the Church does not impose on man the obligation during abstinence to walk with sad faces, sad and all kind of show how severe a person fasts. For the Orthodox Christian time of fasting (repentance) special joyous period in my life. On this basis, if the person has a prayer attitude with a sense of joyful awe from reading the akathist, this fact can not be perceived negatively Orthodoxy. The akathist hymn is a prayer piece that carries deep spiritual meaning. Hymns help the person focus on one of the important components of lent - prayer.
Thus, the ban on read hymns during lent does not correspond to Orthodox practice and carries some wrong understanding of the redemptive abstinence. Moreover, the liturgical practice of the Church, Church Charter on certain days requires the Commission of reading the akathist in the post. In particular, this refers to the fifth Saturday of lent - a time when the Orthodox churches is read to chant the akathist to the most Holy Theotokos. This day is called in the liturgical Charter Saturday of the Akathist hymn (Praise of the blessed virgin Mary). This rite appeared in the Church over a thousand years ago.
It is also necessary to mention the practice of reading the akathist to the Passion of Christ. Starting from the evening of the second Sunday of Great lent, many Orthodox churches committed special Lenten worship memories of the sufferings of Christ, such worship is only four). A special place in the service is the reading of the akathist to the Passion of Christ.
Advice 3: What prayers to read at the cemetery
When to visit the cemetery
For the prayer for the dead – including a graveyard – set certain days. This is meat-fare Saturday (penultimate Saturday before lent), Saturday (2nd, 3rd, 4th weeks of Great lent and on the eve of the feast of the Holy Trinity) and Radonitsa (Tuesday of the 2nd week after Easter). Commemorating the war dead on the last Saturday before the day of St. Demetrios, which is celebrated on 8 November. Contrary to popular belief, to visit the cemetery on Easter day should not be.
In addition, pray for the deceased should be on the 9th and 40th days after death, and subsequently on the anniversary of death and feast day of the Saint whose name he bore.
Prayer at the cemetery should be preceded by prayer in the Church, attending divine services, preferably the confession and communion. Before the service, should submit a note "for the repose", which specifies the name of the deceased.
Visiting the cemetery, we should not make the grave a memorial meal, leave food there, let alone wine or vodka, a pagan custom, to adhere to which Christians should not. No need to enter into an illusory "dialogue" with the deceased.
Prayers at the cemetery
Before you start praying, you must put in order the grave and light a candle. To put her needs in front of an icon or a cross, but not before the photograph of the deceased.
The simplest prayer is: "God Rest departed soul of Thy servant/slaves of Thy (the name) and forgive him/her all transgressions voluntary and involuntary, and grant him/her the Kingdom of heaven." As Christians commemorate the dead every day in the morning prayer, and confined to the cemetery, of course, impossible.
All the days of remembrance of the dead must be made to the cemetery to lithium. The word is translated as "enhanced prayer". Full rank of the lithium is performed by the priest, but if there is no opportunity to invite him to the cemetery, a layperson can read a brief rite of lithium.
This rank starts with the same prayer as the Successor to the Holy pecheniy: "the prayers of the Holy father...". Next, recite the prayer to the Holy Spirit, the Trisagion, a prayer to the Holy Trinity, our father, 12 times say "Lord have mercy" and prayer "o Come, let us adore him...". Then read Psalm 90, kontakion, tone 8 ("With the saints give rest, o Christ...") and ikos ("He is single thou..."). All these prayers are easy to find in prayer books. There you can find an akathist for the repose of the deceased, who also read at the cemetery.
If there is no opportunity on memorial day to visit the grave of (for example, a person buried in another city), make a litany and at home.
In addition to these prayers, there are special prayers related to family relations: the prayer of the widower, the widow, the prayer of the children on parents and the parents of the dead children.