Advice 1: How to find Sirius in the sky

Sirius is the largest star visible in our night sky. It is located in the constellation Canis major, the distance to it equal to 8.64 light-years or about 9.5 trillion km In size Sirius is almost 2.5 times more than the Sun. Find this star in the sky , focusing on other well-known constellations.
How to find Sirius in the sky
Instruction
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In areas located in the middle zone of our country to observe this star in the southern sky. In the autumn it is already visible toward morning, in the spring of Sirius appears after the sun sets and the winter sky – from sunrise to sunset. In the winter, it is the constellation Canis is very low, almost at the horizon.
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Despite the fact that Sirius refers to the star of the southern hemisphere, its declination is small, so to see it even in the far North, in such cities as Norilsk, Murmansk, Verkhoyansk – to 74 degrees North latitude. In summer, it rises high above the horizon and confidently it can be observed even in the sky near Petrozavodsk.
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At its brightness of Sirius is on a par with such planets as Venus, Mars and Jupiter, they are clearly visible among the other shimmering in the night sky points. After the Sun, moon and the planets it occupies the sixth place on how well it is visible to the naked eye. No wonder people say his name, the star has received from the Greek word seirios – "brightly burning".
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Quickly find Sirius in the sky , you can use the constellation of Orion, which, in turn, is easily identifiable by the three stars, located on one straight line. They are called "Orion's Belt". If you mentally continue this line, on which the stars of Orion's Belt in the South-East, in its sequel you'll see a bright star that stands out among others. This is Sirius. In the North-West of this mental line is the star Aldebaran. But even without knowing the directions, you won't confuse Sirius with the Aldebaran, which shines much fainter.
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In that case, if you are targeting well represent the light side, and I know other stars to find Sirius . It is located South-West of the star Procyon in 35 degrees North of Canopus, or 30 degrees in a southerly direction from Alchemy (the third largest star in the constellation Gemini).
Useful advice
Astronomers predict that in 11,000 years, the Sirius will not be visible in Europe, and the constellation of the Great Dog will be circumpolar.

Advice 2 : How to find Sirius

Sirius – alpha Canis major – one of the brightest stars in the night sky. It can be observed from any point of the Earth, excluding the North region. Removed from the Solar system, at 8.6 light years and is one of the closest star to us.
How to find Sirius
You will need
  • Conditions for observation: clear night sky
Instruction
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Main features of SiriusandSirius is the brightest star in the constellation Canis major, and all of the night sky. In the Northern hemisphere, Sirius can be seen on top of the Winter triangle. Sirius brighter than the nearest star to the Sun alpha Centauri. If you know the exact coordinates, this star can be seen by day, provided the sky is clear, and the Sun is close to the horizon. Closest to Sirius,the star Procyon.Sirius is at a distance of 2.6 parsecs from the Sun. The star is the seventh planet from the Sun and the first ten of the brightest stars. Currently, Sirius is approaching us at a speed of 7.6 km/sec. so over time, the brightness of the stars will only grow.
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Sirius A and Sirius InSirius is a double star, which consists of the stars Sirius A and the white dwarf Sirius B rotating around the center of mass with a period of about 50 years. The average distance between these stars is about 20. E., which is comparable with the distance from the Sun to Uranus. The visible star is called Sirius A. Sirius B at the greatest distance from Siriusand A (11 arc seconds) can be seen in a small telescope. Close to Siriusand he's A hard-to-reach for observation.
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How to find the sky is SiriusSirius is in the southern hemisphere of the sky. Since the declination of Siriusand small, it can be observed up to 74 ° North latitude. In autumn is seen in the morning. In winter all night. In the spring some time after sunset. Sirius takes the sixth place among the brightest objects in earth's sky. Brighter the Sun, the moon, the planets Venus, Jupiter and Mars in the period of best visibility.The main reference point for observations – Orion's belt. Conducted through it straight one side will point to Aldebaran in the North-Western part of the sky, the other on Sirius in the South-Eastern part. Sirius and Aldebaran impossible to confuse as they are very different in color and brightness.Also Sirius can be found with the other stars: one should look for to the South-West of the bright star Procyon, 35 degrees North of Canopus, 30 degrees South of Alhena (the constellation Gemini) and 15 degrees East from Araba (the constellation of the Hare). The exact coordinates of Sirius: right ascension 06ч45м08.9173град., declination minus 16град42м58.017с. The Constellation Canis Major.Today Sirius is visible in the Northern hemisphere. However, approximately 11,000 years Sirius will not be visible generally in Europe.
Note
You should pay attention to the conditions of observation of the stars

Advice 3 : How to find Mars

Mars is the fourth farthest the Sun and seventh in size of the planets of the Solar system. It got its name after the Roman God of war. Sometimes Mars is called the red planet, reddish tint of the surface gives the oxide of iron contained in the soil.
How to find Mars
You will need
  • Amateur telescope or powerful binoculars
Instruction
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The opposition of Earth and Marsand
When the Earth is exactly between the Sun and Marsω, i.e. at a minimum distance equal to 55.75 million km, the ratio of the planets is called confrontation. At the same time he Mars is in the direction opposite the Sun. Such violence occur every 26 months at different points of the orbits of Earth and Mars. This is the most favorable points for observation of the red planet in Amateur telescopes. Once in 15-17 years, there are the great confrontation: the distance to Marsand the minimum, and the planet reaches its greatest angular size and brightness. The last great confrontation was 29 January 2010. The next one will be July 27, 2018.
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The conditions of observation
In the presence of the Amateur telescope you should look for Mars in the sky in times of struggles. The surface detail available for observation only during those periods when the angular diameter of the planet reaches the maximum value. Large Amateur telescopes are available many interesting features on the planet's surface, seasonal evolution of the polar caps of Marsand the signs of Martian dust storms. In a small telescope you can see the "dark spots" on the surface of the planet. You can see the polar caps, but only during the great confrontations. A lot depends on experience, observations, and atmospheric conditions. So, the more observation experience, the less can be a telescope to "capture" Marsand parts of its surface. Lack of experience is not always kompensiruet expensive and powerful telescope.
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Where to look
The evening and morning Mars is visible in the red-orange light, and in the middle of the night in yellow. In 2011, Mars can be seen in the sky during the summer and until the end of November. Until August planet can be seen in the constellation Gemini, in the Northern hemisphere of the sky. Since September, Mars is visible in the constellation of Cancer. It is located between the constellations of Leo and Gemini.
Note
If the experience of observation is small, should wait a period of confrontation.

Advice 4 : How to find the sky is Jupiter

Look at the stars – very romantic and interesting. But a lot more exciting not just to consider the night sky and look at certain celestial body. For example, try to find in the sky Jupiter.
How to find the sky is Jupiter
You will need
  • binoculars or a telescope
Instruction
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Jupiter is the largest planet in the Solar system, so you can find it in the sky is quite simple. Jupiter is in fourth place after the Sun, moon, and Venus among all the heavenly bodies to Shine
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The appeal of Jupiter on its axis in the Solar system is thirteen months. Therefore, before trying to find Jupiter, find out if you could see it at the moment. Jupiter is visible for a few months, a few hours every night until midnight and after. To find out when Jupiter will appear in the sky again, use the field guide. In it you can see what clock is best to observe this planet.
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The planet Jupiter is one of the few that can be found with the naked eye. If you want to find in the sky Jupiter, look for it on the Southeast side.
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To find in the sky Jupiter, first you need to find the constellation of Pisces. It is not very visible, located near the constellations Andromeda and Pegasus. In the constellation of Pisces no bright stars, and its generally quite difficult to detect. Make every effort to do this, use the map of the sky – without it you are unlikely to understand all the constellations by memory. Jupiter moved through the constellation of Pisces, so his location changes.
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It is enough to know only the approximate location of Jupiter to find it in the sky. This planet shines bright and different from the stars size – if you know in which direction to look, you will easily distinguish Jupiter from other objects.
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You can watch the Jupiter and just like that, but much more interesting to watch on this planet using binoculars or even a telescope. Will fit small - 60-90 mm, and a telescope with a diameter of 150 mm -200 to consider the planet in great detail – you'll even see a cloud on its surface. Using even the simplest telescope you can see Jupiter in all its glory, and find with him 4 satellites.
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