Advice 1: How to apply for disability

Disability are called permanent disability, and the decision on whether to give the person the status of a disabled person, was adopted by a special medical Commission. In order to draw disability, you must first pass a Commission in the medical institution of the place of residence.

You need to get a referral from a General practitioner – he will send the patient to specialized professionals and will make the appropriate entry in his medical records. The procedure of passing of the Commission is somewhat reminiscent of medical examinations the doctors are interested in not only the health of the patient, but also those causes which resulted in the damage to health, for example, working conditions on the job. Therefore, in order to get disability, you need as much detail as possible to tell professionals about what were the circumstances of injury or illness. If the disability is proven, the patient will receive the resulting certificate, which will indicate the group of his disability, and will also be made to the reasons and terms of this condition. Since the receipt of certificates of disability – long-term thing, which sometimes several months, the patient needs to be as knowledgeable about the rules of disability and how to behave while interacting with the medical Board.



  1. Be aware that the disability may be perpetual, and may be assigned for a specified period. After expire of disability, to re-take the medical examination, according to which the disability may be extended – or Vice versa, are cancelled. If the patient's condition changes are observed, the medical Board may assign a different disability group.

  2. The very first action in order to apply for disability, in any case would be an appeal to the attending physician at the place of residence. Only he can give You a direction on mediko-social examination (MSE). If the doctor refuses to make a referral, you can try to contact the Department of social protection of the population (also by place of residence). If the patient is not sent to the ITU in any of the instances, you can request a certificate about refusal in registration of disability and to handle it in Bureau of ITU on their own.

  3. After the patient is declared invalid, he is handed a certificate confirming this fact, and the individual rehabilitation program. With these documents, the patient should contact the social security office for registration of disability pensions and other benefits due to him or benefits.

  4. If the patient has received a denial of registration of disability, he is entitled to appeal the decision in the main Bureau of the MSE – this should write the corresponding application, and a month Buda re-appointed mediko-social examination. In an extreme case, any person has the right to insist on an independent expertise by selecting expert institution.


Advice 2: How to apply for disability in Ukraine

After a serious illness or injury, the person may partially or completely lose the ability to work. In this case, he has the right to apply for disability and get a pension and benefits. In each country, for example, in Ukraine, there are specifics in obtaining such status.
Instruction
1
Please consult your doctor. This may be an employee of the clinic that you visit, or the doctor of the hospital where you were during the illness. If he finds that your condition may be related to disability, you will be given a certificate to visit the necessary categories of doctors.
2
Undergo a medical examination according to the plan provided by your doctor. Then, upon confirmation of the diagnosis, contact the medical social expert Commission (MSEK) at the place of residence and in the direction of a physician. If you can't get there yourself, you can go to the house according to your statement.
3
After the passage of the Commission will receive the results and the decision taken by doctors. If you do not agree with the disability or refusal to assign you this status, appeal against the decision of the district Commission at city or regional level.
4
Check with MSEK how often you need to undergo re-examination to confirm disability. In some cases, disability inzhivaetsja for life. This is true, for example, the amputation of body parts, because in this case, the recovery and return of ability to work the impossible.
5
If you are satisfied with the decision of the msec, with the help received there, contact the Pension Fund. There you will be able to finalize your status. You will be given a certificate proving your right to benefits, as well as administer the pension. Its size will depend on the extent of disability and what you've had work experience and how much was the salary.
Note
If your disease is not so severe as to interrupt your professional activities, you will receive a working group of disability. In this case, you will be able to work and still keep your pension.

Advice 3: How to apply for disability after heart attack

Myocardial infarction is an acute disease of the heart muscle, resulting in the formation of foci of necrosis due to impaired circulation. Usually, this affliction entails the establishment of disability, which is determined based on the position of man in society, namely its ability to work and carry out self-service. Therefore, the bodies of medical social examination establishing the disability follow clear criteria.
If you experience signs of disability a physician performing medical treatment in hospital after suffering a myocardial infarction, or primary care physician advises to apply for disability, the establishment of which is the filling of medical documentation and seeking advice from the experts, the passage of laboratory and instrumental studies.

Thus, after making bags of sheet the patient is sent to the state medical and social examination (MSE), where the Commission will decide on the assignment of a particular disability group. It should be noted that the main task of experts is to determine how a person loses qualification in personal professional activity caused by disorder of the functions of his body due to illness. In addition, thanks to the medical-social expertise conducted activities aimed at the prevention of disability and rehabilitation of disabled persons and the implementation of their adaptation to social activities. Date of determination of disability due to myocardial infarction is considered from the date of receipt of all relevant documents to ITU.

The specific definition of disability after suffering a heart attack



Usually, patients suffering from daily attacks of angina pectoris, symptoms of congestive heart failure that is not curable, recognized disabled, so that they established disability of the first group after myocardial infarction. Patients with significant violations of the functions of the heart after surgical myocardial revascularization assigned to the second group of disability with disabilities. Be aware that the employment of such people is under the condition of maintenance therapy with moderate exercise. Patients whose condition is characterized by slight and moderate damage to the heart, but not having the opportunity to engage in the usual work, get a disability of the third group with restrictions in labor. It is possible that the definition of disability by the Commission indefinitely, but only if the prognosis of rehabilitation is not a favorable outcome.

Banned specialty postinfarction patients



Regardless of the type of infarction, presence or absence of serious violations of functions of heart patients after myocardial infarction is absolutely contraindicated the following types of work:
- drivers of public and freight transport;
geologists, builders;
- postal workers, salespeople, couriers;
- guards, guards; crane operators, spidermen
- the pilots, flight attendants;
- telephone operator;
- maintenance of electrical installations;
- the production of cigarettes and work with lead, benzene.

Advice 4: How to apply for disability for epilepsy

Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disease characterized by the presence of an epileptic focus in the brain and frequent seizures with different clinical manifestations and course. This disease makes a person limited in normal life, therefore, is an indication for the design of disability.
Instruction
1
As a rule, during an epileptic seizure or immediately after it, the patient loses control over their behavior, leading to the creation of danger to life, as the patient and people around him. This significantly affects the quality of human life. However, the degree of social inadequacy definitely depends on the severity of the disease, as well as the clinical features of the attack. Made to provide heavy and light attacks. The first is characterized by Grand Mal, psychomotor States, during which a person is able to cause significant damage to their health. Light attacks are limited to simple short seizures.
2
If necessary, registration of disability for epilepsy should visit the doctor - a neurologist at the place of residence, which on the basis of medical evidence will direct the patient to the medico-social examination (MSE). If for any reason the doctor refused to send patient to the ITU, the direction can apply to the management of social protection of the population by place of residence.
3
The main criteria for passing mediko-social examination is progressive course of epileptic process is associated with mental disorders and personality change, and inability to work. In the list of mandatory medical examinations when applying for disability for epilepsy includes the General analysis of blood and urine, a panoramic x-ray of skull in two projections, studies of the ocular fundus and visual field, Echo-EG, electroencephalography and computed tomography of the brain. Also on hand should have help with the conclusion of the psychologist.
4
In the evaluation of personality changes mediko-social examination, of course, takes into account two criteria – the mental abilities and character traits. On the basis of these factors specialists determine whether the patient meets the requirements that are necessary for his professional activities and how it is adapting to relationships in the workplace. Small changes in mental abilities and personality of a citizen of marked slowness in thinking, irritability and fault-finding. The average degree of these disorders leads to a significant retardation of human thinking, quarrelsome. Expressed pathology manifest malice and aggression that lead to serious complications in relationships at home and at work, until the appearance of severe dementia.
5
After the recognition of the citizen by the disabled person is given a certificate confirming the fact of establishment of disability. It is also envisaged to develop a special rehabilitation program specialists office of ITU within 30 days from the date of adoption of decision about the registration of disability. The purpose of this program is to reduce the degree of disability. After the program is approved, it is a 3-day period is sent to the Department of social protection at the place of residence of the patient or directly given to a citizen at the hands of the Bureau of the ITU. Further, the citizen should contact the social security authorities for benefits, allowances and disability pensions.
6
Disability in epilepsy is determined by three different groups depending on the severity of the disease. The third group is characterized by slight limitation of activity, absolute or relative contraindications in work or in training. The basis for the determination of the third group of disability are the fits of the average frequency and small personality changes. The second group is assigned to people with severe disabilities because of repetitive epileptic seizures and the inability to fully control their behavior. The first group provide patients with sharp spasms and relapse, a severe form of dementia. If permanent disability, as well as the futility of rehabilitation after 5 years of follow-up disability group is established permanently.

Advice 5: How to apply for disability in Oncology

A disabled person is a person that disease or its effects would not allow us to live fully: to work, to move, to independently provide for their household needs, etc. to help the patient to adapt to the new conditions, it provides additional measures of social support. Patients with cancer diagnoses a person with a disability is assigned to after a medical examination. The procedure for its passage is regulated by "Rules of recognition of the person the invalid".
You will need
  • - the passport of the citizen of the Russian Federation or the document replacing it;
  • - the policy of obligatory medical insurance;
  • - a direction on mediko-social examination from a medical institution, institution of social protection or pensions;
  • the statement on carrying out of medico-social examination;
  • - medical records confirming the condition.
Instruction
1
Contact a doctor-oncologist. Usually after the first treatment in a medical establishment before the emergence of the question about the design of disability takes place from 4 to 6 months. At this time there is an active primary treatment: diagnosis of cancer is determined the possibility and necessity of surgical intervention is chosen a scheme of medical support. Working the patient is given a sheet of temporary incapacity to work, often just called "hospital".
2
After the first stage of the treatment process the doctor of the local clinic or specialist cancer center recommends starting the registration of disability. If the suggestions from the doctors has not been received, the patient can initiate this process. The medical staff has no right to interfere in the collection of the necessary information and preparing documents. To direct the examination can also bodies of social protection and pension provision.
3
Collect all the necessary medical documents. The attending oncologist will give you the form – tender sheet on which doctors make their mark. The patient must visit the local therapist, blood tests (General and biochemical) and urine test, x-ray study of the chest, an EKG and ultrasound of the abdominal organs. Depending on the specific diagnosis can be assigned to additional medical advice and research.
4
Based on the messenger information sheet the attending doctor will issue a medical report on the health status of cancer patients, will give the rationale for assignment of disability and will make all necessary information in a map patient. To the direction of the Bureau of medico-social examination (BSE) to attach extracts from the opinions of medical hospitals, if the person was there for treatment or were operated on. If the cancer patient were previously assigned disability group for another disease, this is also need to provide BSA.
5
Working citizens have to obtain another document – the characteristics of the workplace. The form of the document is available in the clinic or found online. Complete the form with the payroll clerk and signed by the head of the organization. Characteristics of need to the members of the ITU were able to assess the severity of working conditions for the health of the patient.
6
Write a letter to the President of the Bureau at the place of residence or permanent stay. Make copies of all collected documents. Also, do not forget to bring your passport and medical insurance.
7
Take the collected documents in BMSA. There you will be assigned a specific date of the examination. Unfortunately, the waiting period may be delayed because of the Commission very busy. However, this is not a reason for concern. Designation date of disability will be considered the date of application.
8
Come for examination at the appointed time and contact the duty health care professional who will tell you the procedure of the Commission. As a rule, first you need to pass the original documents. The patient is then invited into the office for a personal interview and inspection.
9
By results of examination specialists, BMA will be established group of disability of the patient, the degree of restriction of employment assigned an individual rehabilitation program. In confirmation of recognition of a cancer patient disabled shall be issued a certificate of the established sample. If the disability is not assigned, the Commission may (at the request of the person) provide written results of the examination.
10
Please contact your regional branch of the Pension Fund for the purpose of payments on disability. Experts, BMSA yourself will direct the act of assigning the group to the pension authority within three days. But the patient needs to come in person to make arrangements for the payment of pensions.
Note
If the doctor, on social security and Pension Fund see no reason to assign a cancer patient of disability, the person may apply to the Bureau of ITU on their own. For this you need to submit a complete package of medical documents and a certificate, denial of medical or social institutions.
Useful advice
In the case where the cancer patient can not independently collect the necessary documents and pass an examination in the premises of BMA, Commission meeting held at the home of the patient.

Advice 6: How to apply for disability after a stroke

A disability group is assigned a medical social expert Commission. If after a stroke is completely or partially lost working capacity and the recovery period is slow, you need to consult your doctor and ask for a referral for examination. You will also need to go through many tests and examinations.
You will need
  • -a direction on mediko-social examination
  • -tests and examinations
  • -passport
  • -extract from history of disease
  • -statement
Instruction
1
The assignment of disability are governed by: Federal law No. 181-F3 from 24.11.95, numerous changes and additions from 24.07.98, from 4.01. and 17.07. 1999, from 27.05.2000, 9.06, 8.08, 29.12, 30.12. 2001, 29.05.02, 10.01.03. Changes and additions were made in 2004, 2005, 2007, 2008, 2009. All changes and additions approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation 20.02.06. No. 95 and No. 247 of 7.04.08. On the basis of the law and taking into account of the disease, as well as all of the submitted surveys, we can assign a disability group.
2
All necessary tests and examinations can be done in a hospital, if in a clinic it can be done. If the hospital wrote to apply for disability, relatives may agree with the local doctor. Then the patient hospitalitynet to carry out the necessary surveys that will be required to submit for examination.
3
If the person is walking, all areas of the survey may be obtained from the attending physician in the clinic by place of residence.
4
You will also need a direction for medico-social expertise. It is given out in the district hospital after examination by the Commission of the history of the disease and of the studies. The direction must be signed by the chief physician of policlinic and printing companies.
5
On the basis of the direction of the research, extracts from the medical history, medico-social expert Commission will decide whether to give the disability and define the group.
6
If a person refused to issue directions to the Commission or gave a disability, please contact the health Department with a statement of the holding of the Commission on higher level.
7
After a stroke, the disabilities give not always, but only in the case if some part of the brain is not fully recovered, and impaired speech, movement or other functions.
8
If the disability was given, the year will have to undergo re-examination, to introduce a new examination and fresh analysis. Only the disabled of the first group can undergo re-examination once in two years.

Advice 7: How to receive indefinite disability

Termless disability group is established by the regional medical-social expert commissions, if the disease belongs to the list approved by Government decree No. 247 of 7 April 2008.
You will need
  • - passport;
  • - direction;
  • - extract from the map.
Instruction
1
If your disease belongs to the list set forth in the above ruling, please refer to the district physician, to pass all necessary examinations to obtain a medical history and direction to the regional Bureau of medical-social expert Commission.
2
All tests and examinations should be current. Only accepted analyses with a term of not more than 14 days. The doctor will enter all the results and prepare the card that you will receive disability.
3
The resulting direction of assure from the head physician clinics. If you all the tests pass in the hospital for the reason that are unable to move independently and examined in the outpatient setting, the medical history and the direction will be discharged the head physician of the hospital, will put the stamp of a medical institution.
4
Write a statement on the passage of the Commission. If you are unable to write their own, to do it for you may a notary Trustee. To issue the power of attorney, and take her to the hospital notary, present your passport and the passport of the authorized person.
5
Medico-social expert Commission will review your medical history, medical examination and submitted a medical conclusion. On the basis of these data you will determine the group of disability, which may be issued permanently or temporarily with repeated medical examinations.
6
If the Commission has determined that your illness is directly related to the list, which is issued termless disability group, you will get disability, which does not need to undergo re-medical examination in one or two years.
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