Advice 1: How to prove the occupational disease

If the person had persistent health problems as a result of working in hazardous work, it is possible to issue the occupational disease, which is based on the number of benefits from employer and the state. To prove that the disease is caused by professional activity, you will need to collect some information and contact the regional pathological professional medical institution or medical-social expert Commission, if the disease is so serious that further work is impossible.
How to prove the occupational disease
You will need
  • statement filled by the therapist;
  • - the conclusion of the trade Union;
  • - conclusion of a labour inspector;
  • - the Commission act on working conditions and the nature of the work;
  • - your passport;
  • - a statement.
Instruction
1
We turn first to the district physician. Get a referral for re-examination and the tests as in any designated institution to accept the results of recent surveys, the duration of which does not exceed 1 month for inspections and 14 days for analysis.
2
If you were hospitalized, contact the hospital and ask the chief physician to issue you an extract from the medical history of the passage of the Commission for the registration of disability or occupational disease.
3
The results of surveys, analyses and statements refer again to the district physician. You will draw an extract from the card of an ambulatory patient, will make all the results submitted by you. With this card you have to bypass all narrow experts and to put their signature stamps in the respective fields and doctors. If you are a doctor on the account, the specialist should describe in detail all your history of illness and treatment.
4
Again, refer to the district physician and get a referral to the medical social expert Commission or in the regional pathological professional medical institution, where also all questions on the occupational disease considering the regional Board of leading medical professionals. Sign the direction of the chief physician of the clinic and get a stamp in the registry on the issued statement and direction.
5
Before turning to the Commission, get the conclusion of the trade Union of the enterprise and the conclusion of the inspector on labor protection. If the trade Union organization you do not, the report issued by the inspector on labour protection with the signature of the employer.
6
The Commission will consider the submitted documents and decide whether your illness to the professional and whether it is associated with the negative impact of the special conditions of employment.

Advice 2 : What are the occupational disease exist and the people of some professions

There are many professions, which undermines health. Most often, the harm of negative factors accumulated over time and affected only after many years of work. Occupational diseases – diseases that occurs under the influence of such risk factors.
What are the occupational disease exist and the people of some professions

Classification of occupational diseases



They are divided into acute and chronic. Acute diseases are often a poisoning appear after abnormal leakage or emission of toxic substances.

Chronic diseases develop gradually and imperceptibly due to prolonged exposure to harmful conditions. All of these conditions are classified into five main groups.

Chemical factors



Toxins that are technologically important in many industries, can enter the body with inhaled air, contaminated water or food, through contact with the skin.

Spreading through the bloodstream, some toxins accumulate in the lungs, others in the kidneys, others the liver, the fourth in the bone marrow etc. They can irritate the organs and provoke inflammation, to act destructively on the blood or nervous system, cause allergies or cancer.

Among the mass of industrial toxins – chlorine and its compounds, derivative of phosphorus, sulfur, nitrogen, fluorine, chromium, beryllium, carbonyl metal compounds. They have to deal with a work at pulp and paper mills, glass factories, nurses, disinfectant, working, producing chemical fertilizers, the farmers, metallurgists, and many others.

Dust factors



Once on the skin, the dust can cause itching, redness, clog sweat and sebaceous glands. Gradually cracks appear, rashes, pustular disease. Delicate mucous membranes irritated from any kind of dust, and this leads to the development of conjunctivitis, ophthalmia, diseases of the lungs.

The miners suffer from pneumoconiosis, turners, millers, textile workers, workers of tobacco factories. Silicone sick workers cement and brick factories, miners, masons. Sigaretami – working of gold, copper, tin mines, jewelers and engravers, glassmakers, potters and craftsmen of porcelain. Beryllium – specialists involved in the manufacture of fluorescent lamps, x-ray tubes and ceramics.

Physical factors



Very harmful to the body vibration emanating from hand held power tools, pneumatic tools, machines. The most sensitive hands and the arches of the feet. Vibration disease often found in miners, drillers, drivers, weavers.

For work associated with the systematic exposure to ultrasonic, electromagnetic, laser radiation, developing vegetative polyneuritis, noise disease, leading to hearing loss. Due to the ionizing radiation of radioactive substances can occur from radiation sickness metallurgists of special education, submariners, radiologists. And decompression sickness – pilots, divers.

Factors surge



When under load are systematically the same muscle groups, develop their disease: various neuritis, plexitis, bursitis, radiculitis, arthrosis deformans, etc. They often suffer carpenters, plasterers, painters, blacksmiths, tailors, workers in mining, engineering industry and agriculture.

People who have a lot to write, developing a kind of neurosis: writer's cramp. Teachers, lecturers, constantly straining the vocal cords, falastine. And the computer scientists, jewelers, watchmakers, archivists and many other myopia.

Biological factors



There are occupations associated with increased infectious and parasitic danger. So, for example, tuberculosis often suffer from health workers TB dispensaries. Brucellosis, glanders, foot and mouth disease – livestock. Psittacosis – workers of poultry farms.

Erysipeloid infection affecting the skin, joints often hurt the sellers of contaminated meat and fish, workers of meat-packing plants, canneries. Helminthic diseases ankilostomidoze the exposed agricultural workers and miners.

According to the Federation of independent trade unions of Russia, are leading among diseases decrease or loss of hearing, vibration disease, radiculitis surge and pneumoconiosis.
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