A specialist who treats disorders of metabolism, is a reproductive endocrinologist. It should be invited, when you change the activity of the thyroid gland, prostate, ovaries, hypothalamus, pituitary, adrenal. On the problems of female hormonal sphere, procreation and infertility specializiruetsya endocrinologist-gynecologist. Hormonal disorders in children and adolescents treats pediatric endocrinology.
In fact, appetite, nutrition and metabolism – the main indicators of human health. If the food is processed slowly, not completely, unsplit of the substance deposited "in reserve". Not just under the skin, but much worse – around internal organs, which to become swollen with fat. Because of this, developing various serious diseases.
Hormonal disorders can be inherited, they cannot be cured, but controlled with drugs, diet and appropriate lifestyle. However, most often the metabolism is deteriorating due to gross errors in the diet. Harmful as a deficiency of nutrients and their abundance, especially high-calorie, fatty foods. To determine the cause and stage of the metabolic disorders, it is necessary to refer to the endocrinologist.
The lack of water and food iodine causes severe thyroid disorders. If it produces too little hormone, hypothyroidism develops, which threatens to unbalance the entire body. In addition to General weakness, sleepiness, fatigue, memory, skin and hair become dry, frequent constipation. Man eats little but still gains weight, suffers a painful cold.
When, on the contrary, hormones too much, they poison the body, and is formed thyrotoxicosis, up to the formation of goiter. This person is active, fussy, but quickly tired, easily irritated, suffer from excessive sweating. The appetite is not OK, however, not gains weight. Absolutely can not stand the heat, he immediately begins tachycardia.
In poor carbohydrate metabolism of developing diabetes. If you constantly dry mouth and thirst, frequent urination, sometimes appears suddenly ravenous appetite, the gums, the mucous membranes often become inflamed, exasperated, itchy skin, too, should refer to an endocrinologist.
Severe metabolic disorders can lead to obesity. Characterized by substantial excess weight, shortness of breath, tachycardia, high blood pressure, frigidity, impotence. Violation of the balance of minerals and vitamins leads to the accumulation of salts and the defeat of the bones, muscles, blood vessels. On this basis, develop osteochondrosis, gout, arthritis, myositis, atherosclerosis.
To consult with an endocrinologist makes sense also in infertility, excessive hair growth on unusual places, decrease of sexual desire, frequent urination. These problems can be the consequence of disruption of the pituitary or hypothalamus. And vomiting, bone pain, constipation, fever, tachycardia, depression often indicate elevated or reduced calcium metabolism. To cure these diseases will also help endocrinologist.
In addition to the mandatory General testing of blood and urine, the metabolism is set by determining the nitrogen and acid-base balance, respiratory exchange ratio. Specific violations reveal the blood tests for hormones, serum, ultrasound, CT, MRI, radionuclide methods of diagnosis.