The main areas of medicine
In modern medicine there are many different areas: cardiology, Oncology, ophthalmology, gastroenterology, gynecology, urology and others. Depending on the required treatment methods, they are divided into medical and surgical, defining and specialization of doctors. For ill people, as a rule, in the first place require the services of a physician of General profile this specialist assess the condition of the patient and characteristic symptoms, can make the first conclusions and prescribe treatment.
If necessary, the General practitioner refers the patient to other specialists such as endocrinologist (if the disease is associated with metabolic disorders) or surgeon (if surgical intervention is required). The therapist should apply also in case of unclear symptoms, for example, when a patient plagued by pain in the abdomen and chest and the person finds it difficult to say what could have caused discomfort.
It is different with those who need medical care after injury - they need to go to the emergency room at the place of residence or resort to call ambulance. In large cities where well-developed health infrastructure, there are often specialized emergency rooms, for example eye care (if a person received an eye injury) or neurological (if there is a danger of brain damage or traumatic brain injury).
General advice when choosing a doctor
When a patient clearly understands that he is sick, he can seek help to a specialist directly. For example, pain in the heart the patient should visit a cardiologist, if you have any breathing problems - the respiratory therapist or the audiologist, if the pain is localized in the upper part - in the nose or throat. In diseases of the reproductive organs, women should schedule an appointment with a gynecologist, and men to the services.
If the soreness associated with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, particularly pancreas and stomach, and are associated with food intake, you must consult a doctor-a gastroenterologist. However you need to remember that abdominal pain can be caused by a variety of factors, including infectious diseases or trauma, and women and diseases of the urogenital area. When complaints about the work of the urinary system (pain in region of kidney, painful urination, etc.), you need to consult a doctor-urologist.
It should be noted that a number of specialists in municipal polyclinics adopted only after consultation with the therapist - because illnesses, which treats, for example, the doctor-immunologist, an endocrinologist or a geneticist, often do not have pronounced symptoms that can be clinically very diverse.
How to choose a surgeon
If the patient required surgery and time allows, you can seek advice from different clinics. After weighing all the pros and cons, the patient, in particular, will be able to choose the laparoscopic method, the surgeon performs all the manipulations, making only a small incision.
How to choose a dentist
In diseases of the teeth and gums should consult dentists, among whom there are experts in different fields. So, physicians-dentists keep and maintain healthy teeth. Surgeons removed the teeth, preparing patients for implantation, providing emergency care for injuries in this area (for example, fractures of the jaw), as well as carry out all surgical interventions in the oral cavity.
To the orthodontist addressed in the malocclusion, or improper growth of teeth and the resulting cosmetic defects. Paradontology help to solve problems related to the condition of the gums, and dentists, podiatrists engaged in various types of prosthetics.