Sold in pharmacies "Lidocaine" of two types: in ampoules of 2% and 10% solutions, each concentration has its purpose.
In dentistry 2% "Lidocaine" is used for injection. With the aim of anesthesia it is widely used in the extraction of teeth, removing bone fragments, the opening of abscesses of the mouth and suturing - that is, when a deep surgical procedures. In cases where you want to anesthetize only the superficial mucous layer of the gums, for example, to remove Tartar, also use of an application with a 10% solution of "Lidocaine".
If you injure the gums, immediately consult a doctor there – take advantage of a 10 % solution of "Lidocaine". Cut and fold a clean bandage, tear open one vial and pour the medicine on a cloth, then attach the applique to the patient's gums. "Lidocaine" has an unpleasant bitter taste and provoke profuse salivation, but try not to swallow the saliva or you will zanimaet throat and the feeling of a lump in the throat. This procedure quickly removes the pain, repeat no earlier than 4 hours.
Many antibiotics intramuscular cause severe local pain, some of them are available in powder form prior to injection and require dilution with a solution. If the doctor you have appointed antibacterial treatment injections, carefully read the instructions – perhaps they are allowed to dissolve lidocaine. For this purpose, use a 2% solution - it will help to move the injection less painful.
The anesthesiologist may use a 2% solution of "Lidocaine" for subepithelial anaesthesia in operations on the lower extremities or cesarean section.
Eye drops on the basis of 2% of "Lidocaine" is used for anesthesia of mucous membranes of the eyes, for example, before removing a foreign body by eversion of the upper eyelid.
10% solution in ampoules is often used in gynecological practice. At a superficial surgical interventions genital mucosa irrigate this anaesthetic.
Aerosol "Lidocaine" release at a concentration of 10%. It is widely used during endoscopic studies. Prior to fibroezofagogastroduodenoscopy or fibrobronchoscopy mucous membranes of the throat 2-3 times irrigate spray. Anesthesia of the mucosa in these procedures reduces the gag reflex, thereby facilitating the conduct of research.
Use aerosol "Lidocaine" in otolaryngology, for example, for doctors or extracting foreign bodies. The doctor can not you have to extract a foreign body from the throat, e.g. fish bone, without anesthesia. "Lidocaine" relieve sore wounded place and reduces gag reflex.
Keep in mind that the mucous "Lidocaine" is rapidly absorbed. Overdose is manifested by dizziness, low blood pressure and tachycardia.
"Lidocaine" may cause an allergic reaction, so before use you need to put allergodil. To do this, drip a solution on mucous membranes of lips and wait 15 minutes. If you do not have redness and swelling – can safely use the drug.