"Lidocaine" is produced in the form of solution for injection, in the form of drops, there are also aerosols, sprays and gels with its content, which is used for treatment of areas with pain. Prescribed the Lidocaine for local anesthesia for bruises, sprains or during surgical interventions, for example, in dentistry or gynecology.

How does the "Lidocaine"

Pain relief medication is due to the fact that the drug, once in the tissue, blocking the nearby nerves and pain signals from them stop coming in the human brain. The action of "Lidocaine" in the form of injections lasts from 60 to 90 minutes, but a means in the form of sprays, aerosols and gels runs for 5-6 minutes. The drug has another and a vasodilatory effect, but does not irritate tissues, and side effects usually do not happen.

The use of the drug and its dosage

The lidocaine in the injections used to create the so-called blockade, as an epidural during childbirth, dentistry and many other occasions. The drug is also used to alleviate discomfort for different types of studies of internal organs.

In dental practice the drug is applied in the form of a spray, aerosol or gel in the removal of teeth or the provision of dentures and crowns, when conducting surgery or suturing in the oral cavity. ENT-operations, for example, a lavage of the maxillary sinus, removal of the adenoids and polyps also use "Lidocaine".

The dosage is selected individually, depending on the area of the place that you want to anesthetize, and General condition of the patient. For example, epidural anesthesia is used about twenty milliliters of Lidocaine, and then, when anesthesia of the trachea - only three milliliters.

"Lidocaine" in the form of the gel is applied once a thin layer to the affected area, then spray the treatment is conducted in three stages, and in gynaecological and obstetric manipulations may take up to twenty shots. However, you must not commit more than twenty irrigations into thirty-five kilograms of body weight of the patient.

"Lidocaine should be used very cautiously, since the drug is fairly strong and when sloppy and uncontrolled use can manifest itself side effects. Self-medication with the use of this drug is strictly prohibited, since the patient may simply not be aware of their contraindications or exceed the dosage that is fraught with serious consequences.