You will need
  • a syringe;
  • needle;
  • capsules;
  • - sterile cotton wool;
  • - alcohol.
Before using lidocaine solution guide intradermal test for the possible increased sensitivity of the organism to the drug. With a fine needle and insert a small amount of medication. Evaluate the results after 15 minutes. If the patient is allergic to the tool, in the area of the injection will appear edema and redness. In this case, use other anesthetics. If all is in order, you can use lidocaine for anesthesia.
Prepare syringe, needle, ampoules, sterile cotton wool and rubbing alcohol.
Take the vial and shake it by its neck. Then squeeze her hand and in a circular motion separate head. Take the syringe and through the hole connect it to the amp. Slowly enter the contents.
For local anesthesia the drug is injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Avoid intravascular drug administration. Depending on the body parts, use from 40 to 200mg of money. For example, for shoulder pain and sacral plexus, use 100-200mg of lidocaine. If you're dealing with your fingers, ears, nose, introduce 40-60mg and so on. The maximum dose for adults is 200mg.
Wipe the injection site with a sterile cotton wool soaked in alcohol, and take a shot. After removing the needle, massage a few seconds, the other puncture site with a cotton ball.
During application of the drug be sure to monitor ECG. In case of any violations, reduce the dose or cancel the drug. Please use caution when using lidocaine, if the patient suffers from heart failure, disease of the liver, kidneys, hypotension, or the propensity for hyperthermia.
Do not mix lidocaine with other drugs. It is precipitated when used with sulfadiazine, methohexitone and amphotericin. Also, the drug can be incompatible with ampicillin.
Lidocaine is contraindicated in renal and (or) liver failure, hypersensitive, transverse blockade heart, some cardiovascular diseases, myasthenia gravis, pregnancy and lactation etc, its impossible to send children up to 12 years.
Side effects
When using the drug may experience dizziness, headache, drowsiness, loss of consciousness, respiratory paralysis, numbness of the tongue, decrease in blood pressure. In some cases, there is tachycardia, bradycardia, nausea, vomiting, skin rashes, anaphylactic shock, etc.