Advice 1: How to inject lidocaine

Lidocaine – a drug that has anesthetic effects. The tool blocks sodium channels, causing the pulses do not pass through nerve fibers. Lidocaine dilates blood vessels and not irritating. The solution for injection is used in obstetrics, gynecology, surgery and dentistry.
How to inject lidocaine
You will need
  • a syringe;
  • needle;
  • capsules;
  • - sterile cotton wool;
  • - alcohol.
Instruction
1
Before using lidocaine solution guide intradermal test for the possible increased sensitivity of the organism to the drug. With a fine needle and insert a small amount of medication. Evaluate the results after 15 minutes. If the patient is allergic to the tool, in the area of the injection will appear edema and redness. In this case, use other anesthetics. If all is in order, you can use lidocaine for anesthesia.
2
Prepare syringe, needle, ampoules, sterile cotton wool and rubbing alcohol.
3
Take the vial and shake it by its neck. Then squeeze her hand and in a circular motion separate head. Take the syringe and through the hole connect it to the amp. Slowly enter the contents.
4
For local anesthesia the drug is injected subcutaneously or intramuscularly. Avoid intravascular drug administration. Depending on the body parts, use from 40 to 200mg of money. For example, for shoulder pain and sacral plexus, use 100-200mg of lidocaine. If you're dealing with your fingers, ears, nose, introduce 40-60mg and so on. The maximum dose for adults is 200mg.
5
Wipe the injection site with a sterile cotton wool soaked in alcohol, and take a shot. After removing the needle, massage a few seconds, the other puncture site with a cotton ball.
6
During application of the drug be sure to monitor ECG. In case of any violations, reduce the dose or cancel the drug. Please use caution when using lidocaine, if the patient suffers from heart failure, disease of the liver, kidneys, hypotension, or the propensity for hyperthermia.
7
Do not mix lidocaine with other drugs. It is precipitated when used with sulfadiazine, methohexitone and amphotericin. Also, the drug can be incompatible with ampicillin.
8
Contraindications
Lidocaine is contraindicated in renal and (or) liver failure, hypersensitive, transverse blockade heart, some cardiovascular diseases, myasthenia gravis, pregnancy and lactation etc, its impossible to send children up to 12 years.
9
Side effects
When using the drug may experience dizziness, headache, drowsiness, loss of consciousness, respiratory paralysis, numbness of the tongue, decrease in blood pressure. In some cases, there is tachycardia, bradycardia, nausea, vomiting, skin rashes, anaphylactic shock, etc.
Note
Carry out the injection yourself is dangerous to health. It is better to consult a certified specialist.

Advice 2 : How to use "Lidocaine"

"Lidocaine" is a drug which is used for local anesthesia. The range of applications is quite wide and so it is manufactured in various dosage forms, convenient for different occasions.
How to use "Lidocaine"
"Lidocaine" is produced in the form of solution for injection, in the form of drops, there are also aerosols, sprays and gels with its content, which is used for treatment of areas with pain. Prescribed the Lidocaine for local anesthesia for bruises, sprains or during surgical interventions, for example, in dentistry or gynecology.

How does the "Lidocaine"


Pain relief medication is due to the fact that the drug, once in the tissue, blocking the nearby nerves and pain signals from them stop coming in the human brain. The action of "Lidocaine" in the form of injections lasts from 60 to 90 minutes, but a means in the form of sprays, aerosols and gels runs for 5-6 minutes. The drug has another and a vasodilatory effect, but does not irritate tissues, and side effects usually do not happen.

The use of the drug and its dosage


The lidocaine in the injections used to create the so-called blockade, as an epidural during childbirth, dentistry and many other occasions. The drug is also used to alleviate discomfort for different types of studies of internal organs.

In dental practice the drug is applied in the form of a spray, aerosol or gel in the removal of teeth or the provision of dentures and crowns, when conducting surgery or suturing in the oral cavity. ENT-operations, for example, a lavage of the maxillary sinus, removal of the adenoids and polyps also use "Lidocaine".

The dosage is selected individually, depending on the area of the place that you want to anesthetize, and General condition of the patient. For example, epidural anesthesia is used about twenty milliliters of Lidocaine, and then, when anesthesia of the trachea - only three milliliters.

"Lidocaine" in the form of the gel is applied once a thin layer to the affected area, then spray the treatment is conducted in three stages, and in gynaecological and obstetric manipulations may take up to twenty shots. However, you must not commit more than twenty irrigations into thirty-five kilograms of body weight of the patient.

"Lidocaine should be used very cautiously, since the drug is fairly strong and when sloppy and uncontrolled use can manifest itself side effects. Self-medication with the use of this drug is strictly prohibited, since the patient may simply not be aware of their contraindications or exceed the dosage that is fraught with serious consequences.
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