Signs of low hemoglobin levels
Anaemia, or anemia, almost has specific characteristics on which it would be possible to draw a conclusion on the decrease in quantity of hemoglobin. Manifestations of pathological conditions usually appear when the hemoglobin level falls very much, until this individual can feel normal and no symptoms of anemia, not to ignore or take them for the usual fatigue, seasonal depression, asthenia after illness.
The first sign of a decrease in haemoglobin levels to fatigue, feeling of faintness and weakness. Physical stresses are transferred very poorly, it becomes difficult to concentrate, you may have headaches, insomnia, heart palpitation. In advanced cases, patients suffer from syncope, marked low blood pressure, cold hands and feet.
If time is not taken, begins to suffer appearance: pale skin and mucous membranes in the corners of the mouth may appear cracks (zaedy), skin dry and scaly. Patients with anemia often suffer from hair loss diffuse alopecia. The nails become thinner, covered with longitudinal grooves and with a significant reduction in hemoglobin levels can take a concave shape.
Also the reduction in hemoglobin may occur in the addiction to sweet foods.
In some cases, lowering the level of hemoglobin appears as a perversion of taste and smell: sick aim are by-products (raw dough, dried pasta) or inedible items (chalk, earth, coal, ice), they like to inhale the scents that are generally considered unpleasant (fumes of paint, gasoline, nail Polish).
Reasons for the decline in hemoglobin level
For the normal functioning of tissues and organs in the blood must be maintained a certain level of hemoglobin. In women the average is from 120 to 140 g/l, in men - from 130 to 160 g/l If the hemoglobin content significantly reduced, it is necessary to find the reason why the composition of the blood changed.
The hemoglobin may be reduced if food isn't getting enough iron, or if it is poorly absorbed. This may occur when diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, after operations on the small intestine, and malnutrition. Especially often suffer from anemia vegetarians, because iron from plant foods is poorly absorbed, and women are often "sitting" on a diet.
A decreased level of hemoglobin is characteristic of pregnant women in the body which increases blood volume, in addition, a lot of iron is required for the growing baby.
The specific reason of lowering of the hemoglobin level is determined by the physician, he selects the appropriate treatment or helping to adjust the power.
Advice 2 : How to treat low hemoglobin
- - walnuts;
- - prunes;
- - dried apricots;
- - lemon juice;
- - med;
- - iron supplements.
Advice 3 : How dangerous is low hemoglobin
The lack of hemoglobin in the blood causes anemia, which leads to deterioration of the General condition of the body: tiredness, fatigue, drowsiness, headaches, shortness of breath, palpitations, sleep disturbances, depression. Externally, low level of hemoglobin is manifested in dryness of the skin, hair loss, brittle nails, cracking and pallor of the lips.
Deficiency of hemoglobin leads to a General weakening of the organism, decline of protective barriers, exposure to various infections. The immune system is faltering, even a basic cold can cause serious complications. In some cases, due to relaxation of the muscles occurs incontinence.
Low hemoglobin levels particularly dangerous for pregnant women. The body requires more iron, necessary for oxygen supply of organs and tissues of the expectant mother and the fetus. Hemoglobin when carrying a child drops rapidly and begins to have a negative influence on the fetus. Due to lack of oxygen (hypoxia), the baby is not getting enough power and can slow down or even stop the development.
In addition, fetal hypoxia is threatened by disturbances in the cerebral cortex and nervous system in General, atrophy of various organs and muscles. Therefore, pregnant women should monitor the level of hemoglobin in the blood and, if necessary, to urgently fill the shortage of iron in the body.
To maintain hemoglobin in the normal, first, you need to eat right and to enter into the diet more foods rich in iron: liver, beef, veal, Turkey, eggs, wheat flour, buckwheat, legumes, dried apricots, apples, pomegranate, etc. - animal sourced iron is better absorbed than from vegetable, and in addition, for full suction, it is recommended to eat vegetables and fruits with a high content of vitamin C.
A healthy lifestyle helps to preserve the hemoglobin level is normal. Need to walk more, to walk in the fresh air, play sports, relax in nature. However, if with proper diet and high physical activity level of hemoglobin becomes lower, you need to immediately consult a doctor and start taking iron supplements.
Advice 4 : How do you know that reduced hemoglobin
Signs and symptoms low hemoglobin
How can I determine what the concentration of reduced hemoglobin? First of all, you need to pay attention to the presence of the following depressive symptoms:
- feeling of General weakness;
- quick fatigue and tiredness;
- lack of appetite;
- reduced arterial pressure;
- disorders of heart rate and blood pressure.
In severe cases, those suffering from anemia can happen fainting.
When a low hemoglobin is due to iron deficiency in the body, there is a degenerative symptoms:
in the corners of the mouth cracks are formed;
- the skin is dry;
- hair and nails become brittle;
- the hair falls out and grow back slowly;
- possible violations of taste and smell.
These signs indicate that you most likely reduced the level of hemoglobin. To check this, you should contact a therapist who will give you a referral for a blood test.
How to determine the level of hemoglobin in the blood
To see the actual level of hemoglobin in blood using the blood test. After that you will be able to use data that can be compared with the norms established by the medicine.
In the first days after a heavy menses hemoglobin can be reduced, and therefore women blood generally recommended to take or in the middle, or the end of the menstrual cycle.
Normal hemoglobin level is considered to be:
- boys and men – 135-165 g/l;
- girls and women 120-150 g/l;
- pregnant women - not below 110 g/l;
- children – 120-140 g/l;
If the blood tests show that your haemoglobin level is lowered, consult a doctor and start changing your lifestyle. Thus special attention should be paid to their nutrition.
How to increase hemoglobin level?
Start to eat healthy products, which will raise hemoglobin levels and improve overall health. You have on the table must be present: barley, oats, buckwheat cereals, beans, peas, and beans. In addition, every day eat 1 bunch of greens.
To raise the level of hemoglobin is very useful to take in sprouted seedlings, especially the young wheat and lentils. To improve health will help of beet, carrot, pumpkin and Apple juice. Equally useful, eggplant, pumpkin, radish, black radish and pepper. In addition, it is recommended every day to eat 100 g of dried fruit - dates, prunes, dried apricots, which have a lot of minerals.
Monitor hemoglobin, it is especially important during pregnancy. Women in the position is useful every day to eat 2 tablespoons of honey. If possible, you can eat caviar. It is able to significantly raise hemoglobin even for one day.
Definitely every day use grenades, you can make them freshly squeezed juice. Although some iron, useful for haemoglobin, but this trace mineral is completely absorbed by the body. No harm will drink instead of tea infusion from rose hips, it contains large amounts of iron and vitamin C.
Advice 5 : What are the symptoms under reduced hemoglobin
Symptoms of low hemoglobin
Reduction of hemoglobin in the blood and is manifested in different people in different ways.
In some cases, a decrease in hemoglobin may not be felt, the presence of abnormalities can be identified only after passing the blood test.
Most often the reduction of hemoglobin manifested fatigability, fatigue, drowsiness and weakness. This is due to the fact that iron deficiency leads to insufficient supply of oxygen to the internal organs and systems. As a result of exchange processes are slowed down, and the person lacks energy. In severe cases, when the hemoglobin level falls to a critical low, you may experience lethargy, depression of the immune system, infectious syndrome, digestive disorders. Dangerous decrease of hemoglobin, and this leads to stunted growth and development.
Prolonged deficiency of hemoglobin causes shortness of breath with movement (due to lack of oxygen), the blanching of the skin, puffiness of the face. Skin of such people becomes dry, in the corners of the mouth painful cracks appear, the hair falls out. Chronic hemolytic anemia is manifested by yellowness of the skin, mucous membranes and sclera of the eye. In these patients urine turns red or brown color, shows signs of gallstones may form trophic ulcers on the legs.
Norma hemoglobin in the blood is 120-140 g/l in women and 135-160 g/l in men.
If hemoglobin drops too much, possible fainting, dizziness, tinnitus and disorientation. This condition can also be accompanied by perversion of taste and smell preferences. This raises the appetite to such substances as chalk, coal, lime, paper. Man may be attracted by the smell of gasoline, kerosene and exhaust. Symptoms of low hemoglobin can also be complemented by a change of the nails that appear on their surface transverse or longitudinal stripes, the shape of the nails on the hands and feet becomes concave.
Consequences for the internal organs
If the hemoglobin level for a long period of time is low, the constant lack of oxygen without adequate treatment will inevitably lead to violations of functions of internal organs, primarily the heart, liver and kidneys. Symptoms of low hemoglobin can also be atrophy of the mucous membrane of the esophagus (the lack of oxygen leads to its drying) and pharynx, spasm of the initial part of the esophagus and other signs, which can only be detected by medical examination.