What is the hemoglobin
The main function of erythrocytes is to carry oxygen from the lungs to the tissue cells. The most important role in this process is an organic pigment hemoglobin gives the erythrocytes red. Hemoglobin has a high activity of molecular compounds of iron with oxygen molecules. Due to this and the transport of oxygen to the tissues. The hemoglobin produced by the bone marrow cells. Collapse has fulfilled its function, cells in the liver, transforming into bile pigment the bilirubin, and excreted in the feces through the intestines.
When abnormal quantity of hemoglobin in the blood develops disease called iron deficiency anemia. Manifested in the high fatigue, weakness, frequent colds, brittle nails, hair.
Sometimes in serious diseases and poisoning may have destroyed the membrane of the erythrocytes, the hemoglobin mixes with the blood plasma. The blood loses its function and the person dies.
But too high levels of hemoglobin in the blood – too bad. In this case, there is reason to think about related diseases – diabetes, cardio-pulmonary failure, heart disease, it is sometimes a symptom of cancer. But this does not apply to higher altitudes, athletes, pilots and mountain climbers, because in this way the body adapts to increased physical activity.
All factors combined should be considered by the doctor to prescribe an appropriate treatment based on that. Iron-deficiency anemia prescribe iron preparations, and in determining the reasons for the increase in hemoglobin levels treatment of the underlying condition.
How to normalize hemoglobin levels
When reduced hemoglobin is necessary to eat. For this diet to introduce more protein – meat, especially veal, fish, beef liver. A large amount of protein contained in legumes, grains and cereals. But it is not necessary to consume only vegetarian food, protein must necessarily be present. Juices very useful after a hearty meat dinner, as accelerate the breakdown of protein. Well stimulates the production of hemoglobin dark buckwheat honey, but the use of tea and coffee should be reduced, they lower the hemoglobin. Better to replace them with juice or compotes.
With the increased hemoglobin, often increased blood viscosity, the doctor must also prescribe drugs to liquefy. Self-treatment in such cases to engage in dangerous.
Treatment of high hemoglobin level with the help of a proper diet is also possible. It is necessary to limit consumption of fatty meats, eat more fish and seafood.
Advice 2: What high RBC
Erythrocytes are red blood cells whose primary function is to carry carbon dioxide and oxygen. In the alveoli of the lungs the red blood cells are saturated with oxygen, and then spread it throughout the body.
The physiological reasons for the increase of erythrocytes
Often, during laboratory analysis of blood revealed that the patient has increased blood cells. Normally, the content of erythrocytes in the blood is: women - 3,6-4,9x10*12 /l, in men and 4.1-5,2x10*12 /l, in children – 4,0-6,6 × 10*12 /l. Exceeding this norm occurs is influenced by many factors external and internal environment. Physiologic polycythemia occurs in the higher altitudes, where increased concentration of oxygen in the air. The increase in the number of erythrocytes is observed in professional athletes because their bodies absorb more oxygen than ordinary people. In these cases, this is completely normal, it does not require treatment.
The reasons for the increase of erythrocytes in the blood
In most cases, polycythemia indicates the presence of disease. For example, increased levels of red blood cells in the blood of children may be the result of severe dehydration in children such violation causes vomiting and diarrhea. In adults polycythemia from dehydration is diagnosed much less frequently. The increase in the number of erythrocytes often occurs as a compensatory response in some diseases of the heart. When dysfunction of the heart muscle tissue does not receive the necessary amount of oxygen, it develops polycythemia.
Often elevated blood cells may indicate pathology in the respiratory system (bronchitis, inflammation, rhinitis, intense allergic reactions), since the reduction of the lumen of the Airways in the body decreases the amount of inhaled oxygen. In some cases, polycythemia is associated with impaired bone marrow function, which begins to produce an increased number of red blood cells. Sometimes the increase in red blood cells may indicate cancer of the kidneys and liver.
The reasons for the increase of erythrocytes in the urine
Fairly common problem are the increased red blood cells in the urine. In norm in General, the analysis of urine red blood cells contained in the amount of 0-2 in the field of view. If you exceed this number indicates a serious disease. In particular, blood in the urine is observed in acute and chronic glomerulonephritis, in the formation of kidney stones. The appearance of tumors (benign or malignant) in the kidneys or urinary channel, also is accompanied by increased red blood cells. If such violations are necessary to urgently conduct further research and to begin therapy.
Advice 3: How dangerous is low hemoglobin in a child
Hemoglobin is a compound of iron and protein, which is found in red blood cells. It oxygenates tissues and transports to the lungs the carbon dioxide from them. Low level of hemoglobin in children affects physical, mental and psychological development.
Signs of low hemoglobin in a child
While reducing the amount of red blood cells induces a state of anemia, which expressed low levels of hemoglobin. For children up to 6 years, the hemoglobin is considered to be insufficient at rates less than 110 grams per liter of blood, for older - less than 120 grams per liter.
When a state of anemia the child has pallor, dry skin, drowsiness, tearfulness, fatigue, irritability and an unstable chair. These symptoms in children are not specific, and sometimes may be completely absent, therefore, to determine the amount of hemoglobin you need to take the analysis of blood from a finger.
In children of younger age, low hemoglobin over a long period of time irreversibly inhibits intellectual, emotional and psychomotor development at an older age. Reception of iron preparations in this case are ineffective.
Causes of low hemoglobin in children
Hemoglobin can have low rates due to the following factors:
- insufficient and poor nutrition;
- low content of iron, animal protein, vitamin B12 and folic acid in the diet;
- abnormal iron absorption in the gastrointestinal tract;
- diseases of the blood;
- acute and chronic diseases;
- infection of worms;
- continuous intake of drugs in large volume;
- allergic reactions;
- the lack of fresh air in the winter.
Ways to increase hemoglobin
A healthy child will help to cope with low hemoglobin nutrition, including the introduction in the diet of foods containing iron, copper and manganese.
To increase the level of iron baby can be beef, beef and pork liver, heart, bran, egg yolk, Apple puree and buckwheat. The copper contained in seafood and vegetables, and in tea, cereal crops and sugar beet manganese. Together, these three components are found in the flour and nuts.
If the cause of low hemoglobin is a disease to cope with the lack of iron, manganese and copper in the blood with the help of food impossible. In this case, prescribe medicines containing essential micronutrients.
To avoid the lowering of the hemoglobin, it is enough to regularly monitor and identify changes. It is also recommended to prevent using products containing iron, and to eliminate the causes that lead to decrease in hemoglobin.
Advice 4: How to lower hemoglobin folk remedies
The result of the blood test showed that you have elevated hemoglobin? Do not despair and run to the pharmacy for drugs, in this case, great help, traditional medicine and the right diet. Hemoglobin increases during physical exertion and exercise, elevated hemoglobin is common in skiers, climbers and pilots.
You will need
- - mummy,
- - hirudotherapy (leeches),
- - proper nutrition,
- - water with lemon juice.
Great folk remedy for low hemoglobin is the mummy, which is mined in caves and rock crevices. Shilajit is readily soluble in water and has a large number of useful substances, which normalize the level of hemoglobin in the blood. Diluted in a glass of water (0.2 g). Shilajit and drink for the night. Take 10 days to do 5 days break and repeat the procedure. During treatment it is necessary to exclude alcoholic drinks and narcotic drugs.
To normalize the level of hemoglobin in the blood will help leeches (hirudotherapy). In the saliva of leeches contains special enzymes that not only regulate the level of hemoglobin, but also improve the composition of blood.
Also important is proper nutrition. Exclude from the diet of meat products (replace them with fish or other seafood – shrimp, squid, mussels and octopus), as well as red fruits and berries. Every day eat more fresh vegetables and fruits. Your main meal should be porridge - buckwheat, oats, barley. Often eat a salad of fresh herbs.
Give blood as a donor, it promotes the production of new young blood. Using this method, the hemoglobin level should drop.
The easiest way to thin the blood is to drink plenty of fluids (filtered). You need to drink every day for three liters of water mixed with lemon juice for three months.
Well aspirin thins the blood and lowers the hemoglobin, but to use it in large quantities is not highly recommended.
Quite often, an elevated hemoglobin is common in smokers, so seriously think about how to quit Smoking and start to monitor their health.