High hemoglobin is an excessive amount of red blood cells in the blood. And for each person, the figure may be individual depending on age and gender.

The increase in hemoglobin in the blood usually develops in cardiac and pulmonary insufficiency, which causes a lack of oxygen. Oxygen begins to flow to tissues and organs in sufficient quantity, and thereby increase the level of red blood cells.

Causes of increased hemoglobin

Causes of rise in hemoglobin levels quite a lot. The list includes:
- disruption of bone marrow;
- dehydration;
- tumors of the liver and kidneys;
- being on high altitude, etc.
Do not think that you have one of these dangerous diseases, if the laboratory tests showed elevated hemoglobin. Each of them needs to specify some other parameters.

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As for the symptoms, which can be determined at a higher hemoglobin, this condition is usually characterized by:
- weight loss that happens suddenly and not always visible reasons;
- increase in body temperature;
- the appearance of red spots on the skin;
is the itching.

What is the danger of increased hemoglobin

To determine elevated hemoglobin or not only passing the blood test. It should be remembered that it is better not to delay, because elevated hemoglobin contributes to the hyperviscosity of the blood and prevents the transport of oxygen. As a result, can easily develop thrombosis and even gangrene, as a consequence of stagnation of blood in the vessels.

High hemoglobin can lead to heart disease – angina, heart attack, thrombosis of the blood vessels as the brain and extremities.

Also from the increased hemoglobin is very serious can affect liver and kidneys.
Each of these diseases are quite serious and can significantly complicate a person's life. Moreover, most of them are quite capable to lead to disability and even death.

Especially dangerous is the increase in hemoglobin in adolescents and the elderly.

How to treat

First and foremost, to treat the increased hemoglobin you need, eliminating the cause that caused this increase. The scheme and the direction of the treatment must appoint a physician watching.

In addition, you must follow a diet that helps to normalize the level of hemoglobin in the blood. Banned alcohol and seafood should be reduced in the diet to a minimum.

It is also necessary to limit yourself in sugar, beef liver, meat and broth. And will have to sit on this diet for quite a period of about six months.

Add to your diet more fresh vegetables and fruits. The rest of the food must be either boiled or stewed.

Also should drink more fluids, which will thin the blood, facilitating the transport of oxygen through the vessels. As drinking can use tea (black and green), herbal infusions and fruit drinks. And even better to drink clean water or a slightly mineral.