A clot, or thrombosis, occurs due to inflammation of veins. Most often, the clots formed in the superficial and subcutaneous veins, and is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms. Deep vein thrombosis more dangerous and sometimes occurs without obvious signs.
Inspect the feet and hands. Most often blood clots occur in the veins of the lower extremities. Alarming symptoms — pain, redness, induration in the region of Vienna. If a strong inflammation can rise the temperature at a localized area of the body. Immediately contact your doctor if you have these symptoms.
In daylight note the condition of the skin of the feet. Bluish color of the area of the limbs and swelling may indicate the presence of occlusion. When deep vein thrombosis of the leg may not hurt, but the patient has General malaise, weakness, fever.
Promptly go to the doctor-phlebologist, if you have varicose veins. Doctor could determine as soon as the inflammation of a vein and prescribe treatment to prevent thrombus formation. On examination, the doctor determines the blood clot at the special tests. For example, the characteristic of Homans manifests itself in pain during dorsiflexion of the feet.
Complete all additional survey, which was sent by the doctor. This files most often prescribed ultrasound examination. There are more modern methods of venography and plethysmography. Primry high sensitivity will help to determine not only the clot but no blood flow disorders and defects fill with blood vessels.
Don't forget about the dangerous complications, which can cause a blood clot moving up the body. The most dangerous of them is pulmonary embolism, and sepsis (blood infection) — can lead to death. So follow all doctor's appointments, follow this procedure and careful treatment.
Advice 2: What is a blood clot in the leg?
Venous thrombosis is manifested by the formation of blood clots (thrombi) in the veins. Usually, a leg clot that partially or completely clog blood vessels, leading to negative consequences.
It is quite often a disease such as thrombosis of the veins of the legs. When the veins become clogged, the blood can not move freely on them. Because of the violation of the outflow of blood is her stasis with edema and blue discoloration of the skin in the place where a clot formed in his leg. Thrombosis may, in case of detachment from the venous wall lead to blockage of the lumen of the pulmonary artery. In this case there is a dangerous disease – thromboembolism.
Inflammation of a vein can also lead to blockage of the veins by a blood clot. Then there is the thrombophlebitis. Major signs of blood clot in the leg: swelling, pain, increased body temperature of the patient. Thrombophlebitis is often the result of varicose veins in the legs. Diagnosis of the presence of thrombosis is carried out on the basis of symptoms and conducting ultrasonography and venography, MRI.
Thrombophlebitis, where a blood clot forms in the leg, treated using medicines and remedies that can reduce svorachivanie blood. If the disease is not treated, it cut off the blood clot in the leg can get to the heart and blood vessels, which in practice often leads to various serious complications, until the sudden death.
Causes of blood clots several. Thrombosis occurs if, for example, a person is not moving for three days or more (for example, after surgery) or immobilized for a long time (for example, paralyzed patients during a long absence of motion). Also increased blood viscosity can cause prolonged dehydration. It can cause lack of drink in hot weather, burns, and various infectious diseases. Violation of blood coagulation can occur due to the presence of oncological diseases of various organs. Sometimes it can be congenital, that is acquired in the womb.
To prevent the formation of thrombosis to exclude major risk factors. If you have multiple risk factors, in this case, the doctor should prescribe a specific set of medications and methods that will prevent the development of thrombosis.
Among the risk factors are the following: old age, obesity, presence of tumors of various kinds, prolonged lack of movement in the legs for three or more days, long trips, air travel over long distances, pregnancy and recent childbirth, diseases and disorders of the cardiovascular system.
Sometimes thrombosis may be asymptomatic or may arise from a number of attributes. This can be swelling in the lower third of the leg (calf region), pain at motion, especially in flexion of the foot, increased sensitivity of the skin of the feet.
Treatment of thrombosis depends on such factors as the cause of the disease, age, etc. If the clot is securely attached to the wall of the vein, prescribe medication, and if there is a risk of separation, performed thrombectomy (surgical removal of the thrombus). In the presence of thrombosis, patients should comply with bed rest.
The acute form of thrombosis require immediate surgical intervention, especially for patients with diseases that directly threaten the functionality of the limbs. In other cases, it is advisable to conservative treatment after a full examination of the health status of the patient. The sooner you begin treatment, the better the result and less there is no negative consequences and complications of venous disease.