A clot, or thrombosis, occurs due to inflammation of veins. Most often, the clots formed in the superficial and subcutaneous veins, and is accompanied by unpleasant symptoms. Deep vein thrombosis more dangerous and sometimes occurs without obvious signs.
Inspect the feet and hands. Most often blood clots occur in the veins of the lower extremities. Alarming symptoms — pain, redness, induration in the region of Vienna. If a strong inflammation can rise the temperature at a localized area of the body. Immediately contact your doctor if you have these symptoms.
In daylight note the condition of the skin of the feet. Bluish color of the area of the limbs and swelling may indicate the presence of occlusion. When deep vein thrombosis of the leg may not hurt, but the patient has General malaise, weakness, fever.
Promptly go to the doctor-phlebologist, if you have varicose veins. Doctor could determine as soon as the inflammation of a vein and prescribe treatment to prevent thrombus formation. On examination, the doctor determines the blood clot at the special tests. For example, the characteristic of Homans manifests itself in pain during dorsiflexion of the feet.
Complete all additional survey, which was sent by the doctor. This files most often prescribed ultrasound examination. There are more modern methods of venography and plethysmography. Primry high sensitivity will help to determine not only the clot but no blood flow disorders and defects fill with blood vessels.
Don't forget about the dangerous complications, which can cause a blood clot moving up the body. The most dangerous of them is pulmonary embolism, and sepsis (blood infection) — can lead to death. So follow all doctor's appointments, follow this procedure and careful treatment.
Advice 2: How to detect a clot
Blood clots in the veins or thrombophlebitis is a serious and dangerous disease. Common cause of blood clots is neglected varicose disease. It is important to patients as soon as possible to begin treatment to prevent life-threatening complications.
Thrombophlebitis is often called an inflammation of the superficial saphenous veins with the formation of the thrombus from blood cells. The disease may be characterized by pain and signs of inflammation. But keep in mind that sometimes the clots formed in the deep veins without obvious symptoms.
Inspect your feet. Most often blood clots are formed in the extremities. The main symptoms of thrombophlebitis of superficial veins is a seal in the region of the vein with redness and pain when pressed. Can increase the skin temperature of the affected area. Sometimes there is a sign of Romansa — pain in the calf muscle during dorsiflexion of the feet.
Note the uniformity of the skin of the lower extremities. Deep vein thrombosis can occur virtually painlessly, but on the leg there will be a plot with swelling and bluish skin tone. The patient may feel malaise, weakness, increase of the General temperature of the body. Phlebothrombosis of the deep veins of the lower leg often affects bedridden patients.
If you notice signs of thrombosis, immediately contact a doctor-phlebologist. The doctor can make a diagnosis by inspection or schedule a further study. Often in the examination, doctors use Doppler ultrasound scanning, which detects an obstacle in Vienna and shows the reduction of blood flow to a certain area of the body.
Complete all assigned survey. Modern methods of plethysmography and venography to more accurately determine the clot than the ultrasound. Using highly sensitive instruments the doctor will be able to see the defects of filling of vessels with blood and the slightest deviation of blood flow.
Pay special attention to the treatment. In addition to medications, your doctor may prescribe bed rest with the affected leg raised. Helps moist heat on the sore area. In special cases prescribe pain killers. When the clot begins to dissolve, the patient can go to the special elastic stockings.
Remember that the clot is prone to movement and can penetrate into the deep veins. The most dangerous complication of thrombophlebitis - deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, blood poisoning (sepsis). Pay close attention to yourself and follow all the doctor's appointments.
Advice 3: What is a blood clot in the leg?
Venous thrombosis is manifested by the formation of blood clots (thrombi) in the veins. Usually, a leg clot that partially or completely clog blood vessels, leading to negative consequences.
It is quite often a disease such as thrombosis of the veins of the legs. When the veins become clogged, the blood can not move freely on them. Because of the violation of the outflow of blood is her stasis with edema and blue discoloration of the skin in the place where a clot formed in his leg. Thrombosis may, in case of detachment from the venous wall lead to blockage of the lumen of the pulmonary artery. In this case there is a dangerous disease – thromboembolism.
Inflammation of a vein can also lead to blockage of the veins by a blood clot. Then there is the thrombophlebitis. Major signs of blood clot in the leg: swelling, pain, increased body temperature of the patient. Thrombophlebitis is often the result of varicose veins in the legs. Diagnosis of the presence of thrombosis is carried out on the basis of symptoms and conducting ultrasonography and venography, MRI.
Thrombophlebitis, where a blood clot forms in the leg, treated using medicines and remedies that can reduce svorachivanie blood. If the disease is not treated, it cut off the blood clot in the leg can get to the heart and blood vessels, which in practice often leads to various serious complications, until the sudden death.
Causes of blood clots several. Thrombosis occurs if, for example, a person is not moving for three days or more (for example, after surgery) or immobilized for a long time (for example, paralyzed patients during a long absence of motion). Also increased blood viscosity can cause prolonged dehydration. It can cause lack of drink in hot weather, burns, and various infectious diseases. Violation of blood coagulation can occur due to the presence of oncological diseases of various organs. Sometimes it can be congenital, that is acquired in the womb.
To prevent the formation of thrombosis to exclude major risk factors. If you have multiple risk factors, in this case, the doctor should prescribe a specific set of medications and methods that will prevent the development of thrombosis.
Among the risk factors are the following: old age, obesity, presence of tumors of various kinds, prolonged lack of movement in the legs for three or more days, long trips, air travel over long distances, pregnancy and recent childbirth, diseases and disorders of the cardiovascular system.
Sometimes thrombosis may be asymptomatic or may arise from a number of attributes. This can be swelling in the lower third of the leg (calf region), pain at motion, especially in flexion of the foot, increased sensitivity of the skin of the feet.
Treatment of thrombosis depends on such factors as the cause of the disease, age, etc. If the clot is securely attached to the wall of the vein, prescribe medication, and if there is a risk of separation, performed thrombectomy (surgical removal of the thrombus). In the presence of thrombosis, patients should comply with bed rest.
The acute form of thrombosis require immediate surgical intervention, especially for patients with diseases that directly threaten the functionality of the limbs. In other cases, it is advisable to conservative treatment after a full examination of the health status of the patient. The sooner you begin treatment, the better the result and less there is no negative consequences and complications of venous disease.
Advice 4: Why the heart breaks away the clot
Almost everyone has heard of a blood clotAh. But most people don't realize how dangerous they are. Thrombus formation is a natural protective mechanism of the body that prevents blood loss from damaged vessels. His education may be associated with certain pathologies, and not violate the integrity of blood vessels.
What is a blood clot
A thrombus is a blood clot that forms in a cavity of the heart or blood vessels. There are 2 kinds of blood clots: plugging (formed in the small blood vessels), and parietal (can be formed in the cavities of the heart and larger vessels). A clot is formed immediately, the process of the emergence is quite long. Originally in the heart or on the walls of blood vessels are formed plaques that grow over time and increase. Then the plaque is formed thrombus, which could come off and cause irreversible negative health consequences.
Typically, blood clots are formed due to the increase in blood viscosity, changes in the walls of blood vessels and blood circulation disorders.
Why the blood clot can break away
In various pathologies of the circulatory system and the heart on the inner walls of blood vessels accumulate more and more deposits. They narrow the vessel lumen, resulting in humans, increased blood pressure. Under the influence of high pressure blood passes through the vessels with greater speed than under normal conditions. This accelerated flow of blood can hurt or tear a piece of cholesterol plaque or a blood clot formed from a wall of a vessel or cavity of the heart and carry it further, until he reaches a vessel smaller in diameter than itself. Then you can develop a very dangerous and sudden syndrome - thromboembolism, which in Russia die each year over 100,000 people.
Also the blood clot can break loose from the wall of the artery or vein when a person is hurt or blunt injuries. For example, if the clot is in the arteries of the legs, and the man swiped at his place of deployment, it can easily break away from the vessel wall.
How to recognize the presence of a blood clot
When the clot affects the arteries of the brain, stroke occurs. The main signs are in violation of the sensitivity and activity of the limbs, in humans paralysis. A person can skew, impaired speech and vision.
When coronary arteries occurs myocardial infarction. Characteristic symptom is pain behind the breastbone. It can be oppressive, baking or compressive in nature. Also the pain may radiate to both arms, neck, stomach or interscapular region.
If clogged blood vessels of the intestine, develops mesenteric thrombosis, then there are peritonitis and necrosis.
If trombicula the vessels of the extremities, with a high probability of developing gangrene. First, the extremities become cold and pale, and then necrosis occurs.
Thrombosis of the pulmonary artery leads to suffocation and bluish discoloration of the skin.