Remove the clot from the deep vein is surgically very challenging. Most of these vessels are operated only because of the consequences that caused blood clots in the deep veins. What will be the volume and complexity of the operation depends entirely on the pathology, which is formed by a blood clot.

When required thrombectomy

When diagnosed acute deep venous thrombosis, two possible ways of development of the situation. The first surgical removal of a blood clot, which is done according to testimony at the initial stage of the disease. At this time, the mass of a clot loosely attached to a vein. To make such intervention is allowed only on the veins sufficient for the introduction of the catheter diameter.

And should be vital readings, such as the threat of pulmonary embolism, the risk of development of gangrene of the lower limb, the spread of thrombosis up in the area of the inferior Vena cava. In such cases the vein through the incision a catheter is inserted, the end of which is secured the balloon, which is inflated, then use it to capture the thrombotic masses and remove them.

Trap for blood clots

There is another group of surgical interventions, which are aimed at preventive detention of thromboembolic masses. In such cases, the above clot in the lumen of the vein is embedded trap or filter, which impede the blood clots and not allow them to penetrate into the pulmonary artery and cardiac chambers. There is a method of treatment, when a conservative tromboliticescoy therapy. Special drugs that dissolve blood clots and causing their absorption, injected into the lumen of the affected vein. To do this, use streptokinase.

Particularly dangerous to life and health venous thrombosis of the inferior Vena cava. These veins merge and go to the heart, then the lungs. And if the blood directly in the blood vessels clot, clots formed that interfere with the normal blood flow by narrowing the blood vessels. The clot is constantly increasing in size. To improve the situation is capable of anticoagulants, i.e. substances that slow down the process of blood clotting.

In acute thrombophlebitis and intolerance of anticoagulants used hirudotherapy. Active substance from the saliva of leeches is hirudin, once in the blood, decreases blood coagulation and viscosity. To reduce blood prothrombin used drugs strictly under the doctor's control. You need regular blood tests for prothrombin that did not develop bleeding.

The complex well help folk remedies, herbs.