The consequences of the separation of the clotand
Blood tends to clot, but this occurs when damage to the blood vessels, preventing strong blood loss. However, for various reasons, it can be folded directly in the blood vessels. In this case, the formed thrombus, which narrows the vessel lumen and obstacles to the normal outflow of blood. Sometimes, these clots dissolve by themselves, in other cases they can detach from walls at any time. The blood clot, separated from the vessel walls is called "wandering thrombus" or "embolus". If a blood clot, it can enter the blood vessels of the internal organs and disrupt their functions. It could end badly.
Sometimes the embolus enters the blood vessels of the lungs and clogs them. This condition is called pulmonary embolism. She will manifest a sudden onset of shortness of breath, dizziness, feeling short of breath, chest pain, hemoptysis, loss of consciousness. If you have these symptoms you need to call an Ambulance. If the clot is large, it can lead to instant death.
If the clot gets into the blood vessels of the brain, a person can have a stroke, ending with a disability.
Prevention of formation and detachment of thrombi
Thrombus formation occurs when the inflammation of the walls of veins, this condition is called thrombophlebitis. Thrombophlebitis may occur after any injury, surgery, after certain infectious diseases, as a complication after childbirth.Most often it appears in the lower extremities. The reasons for the appearance of blood clots also include excessive blood clotting, existing varicose veins. In most cases, these patients are observed signs of venous thrombosis.
For the prevention of blood clots must comply with the rules of a healthy diet, lead an active lifestyle to maintain normal blood viscosity. You need to follow a diet with restriction of animal fats. In the diet should increase the amount of vegetables and fruits, greens, fish. It is recommended to eat foods that reduce blood clotting (beets, cherries, green tea). To maintain normal blood viscosity can be taking "Aspirin or Warfarin". To prevent the formation of blood clots, the doctor should prescribe anticoagulants - medications that slow blood clotting. These drugs should be drunk only after consulting a doctor.
For the prevention of blood clots need at least half an hour every day to devote to physical exercise or just walking.
To prevent a pulmonary embolism is a surgical procedure in which the lumen of inferior Vena cava filters are installed protivoanemicescoe, having the shape of an hourglass or of an umbrella. This method is safe and fairly reliable, but it can lead to venous ulcers. Blood clots can be removed, for this purpose is surgery - thrombectomy.