Advice 1: What happens if you come off the clot

A thrombus is a blood clot formed in a blood vessel or cavity of the heart. He is a danger to health, and in some cases to human life.
What happens if you come off the clot

The consequences of the separation of the clotand



Blood tends to clot, but this occurs when damage to the blood vessels, preventing strong blood loss. However, for various reasons, it can be folded directly in the blood vessels. In this case, the formed thrombus, which narrows the vessel lumen and obstacles to the normal outflow of blood. Sometimes, these clots dissolve by themselves, in other cases they can detach from walls at any time. The blood clot, separated from the vessel walls is called "wandering thrombus" or "embolus". If a blood clot, it can enter the blood vessels of the internal organs and disrupt their functions. It could end badly.

Sometimes the embolus enters the blood vessels of the lungs and clogs them. This condition is called pulmonary embolism. She will manifest a sudden onset of shortness of breath, dizziness, feeling short of breath, chest pain, hemoptysis, loss of consciousness. If you have these symptoms you need to call an Ambulance. If the clot is large, it can lead to instant death.
If the clot gets into the blood vessels of the brain, a person can have a stroke, ending with a disability.


Prevention of formation and detachment of thrombi



Thrombus formation occurs when the inflammation of the walls of veins, this condition is called thrombophlebitis. Thrombophlebitis may occur after any injury, surgery, after certain infectious diseases, as a complication after childbirth.Most often it appears in the lower extremities. The reasons for the appearance of blood clots also include excessive blood clotting, existing varicose veins. In most cases, these patients are observed signs of venous thrombosis.

For the prevention of blood clots must comply with the rules of a healthy diet, lead an active lifestyle to maintain normal blood viscosity. You need to follow a diet with restriction of animal fats. In the diet should increase the amount of vegetables and fruits, greens, fish. It is recommended to eat foods that reduce blood clotting (beets, cherries, green tea). To maintain normal blood viscosity can be taking "Aspirin or Warfarin". To prevent the formation of blood clots, the doctor should prescribe anticoagulants - medications that slow blood clotting. These drugs should be drunk only after consulting a doctor.
For the prevention of blood clots need at least half an hour every day to devote to physical exercise or just walking.


To prevent a pulmonary embolism is a surgical procedure in which the lumen of inferior Vena cava filters are installed protivoanemicescoe, having the shape of an hourglass or of an umbrella. This method is safe and fairly reliable, but it can lead to venous ulcers. Blood clots can be removed, for this purpose is surgery - thrombectomy.

Advice 2: How to detect a clot

Blood clots in the veins or thrombophlebitis is a serious and dangerous disease. Common cause of blood clots is neglected varicose disease. It is important to patients as soon as possible to begin treatment to prevent life-threatening complications.
How to detect a clot
Instruction
1
Thrombophlebitis is often called an inflammation of the superficial saphenous veins with the formation of the thrombus from blood cells. The disease may be characterized by pain and signs of inflammation. But keep in mind that sometimes the clots formed in the deep veins without obvious symptoms.
2
Inspect your feet. Most often blood clots are formed in the extremities. The main symptoms of thrombophlebitis of superficial veins is a seal in the region of the vein with redness and pain when pressed. Can increase the skin temperature of the affected area. Sometimes there is a sign of Romansa — pain in the calf muscle during dorsiflexion of the feet.
3
Note the uniformity of the skin of the lower extremities. Deep vein thrombosis can occur virtually painlessly, but on the leg there will be a plot with swelling and bluish skin tone. The patient may feel malaise, weakness, increase of the General temperature of the body. Phlebothrombosis of the deep veins of the lower leg often affects bedridden patients.
4
If you notice signs of thrombosis, immediately contact a doctor-phlebologist. The doctor can make a diagnosis by inspection or schedule a further study. Often in the examination, doctors use Doppler ultrasound scanning, which detects an obstacle in Vienna and shows the reduction of blood flow to a certain area of the body.
5
Complete all assigned survey. Modern methods of plethysmography and venography to more accurately determine the clot than the ultrasound. Using highly sensitive instruments the doctor will be able to see the defects of filling of vessels with blood and the slightest deviation of blood flow.
6
Pay special attention to the treatment. In addition to medications, your doctor may prescribe bed rest with the affected leg raised. Helps moist heat on the sore area. In special cases prescribe pain killers. When the clot begins to dissolve, the patient can go to the special elastic stockings.
7
Remember that the clot is prone to movement and can penetrate into the deep veins. The most dangerous complication of thrombophlebitis - deep vein thrombosis, pulmonary embolism, blood poisoning (sepsis). Pay close attention to yourself and follow all the doctor's appointments.

Advice 3: How to remove the clot without surgery

Removal of thrombus non-invasive by sometimes becomes a necessity, so as to catch and remove it when deep vein thrombophlebitis is very problematic.
How to remove the clot without surgery
Remove the clot from the deep vein is surgically very challenging. Most of these vessels are operated only because of the consequences that caused blood clots in the deep veins. What will be the volume and complexity of the operation depends entirely on the pathology, which is formed by a blood clot.


When required thrombectomy




When diagnosed acute deep venous thrombosis, two possible ways of development of the situation. The first surgical removal of a blood clot, which is done according to testimony at the initial stage of the disease. At this time, the mass of a clot loosely attached to a vein. To make such intervention is allowed only on the veins sufficient for the introduction of the catheter diameter.


And should be vital readings, such as the threat of pulmonary embolism, the risk of development of gangrene of the lower limb, the spread of thrombosis up in the area of the inferior Vena cava. In such cases the vein through the incision a catheter is inserted, the end of which is secured the balloon, which is inflated, then use it to capture the thrombotic masses and remove them.


Trap for blood clots




There is another group of surgical interventions, which are aimed at preventive detention of thromboembolic masses. In such cases, the above clot in the lumen of the vein is embedded trap or filter, which impede the blood clots and not allow them to penetrate into the pulmonary artery and cardiac chambers. There is a method of treatment, when a conservative tromboliticescoy therapy. Special drugs that dissolve blood clots and causing their absorption, injected into the lumen of the affected vein. To do this, use streptokinase.


Particularly dangerous to life and health venous thrombosis of the inferior Vena cava. These veins merge and go to the heart, then the lungs. And if the blood directly in the blood vessels clot, clots formed that interfere with the normal blood flow by narrowing the blood vessels. The clot is constantly increasing in size. To improve the situation is capable of anticoagulants, i.e. substances that slow down the process of blood clotting.


In acute thrombophlebitis and intolerance of anticoagulants used hirudotherapy. Active substance from the saliva of leeches is hirudin, once in the blood, decreases blood coagulation and viscosity. To reduce blood prothrombin used drugs strictly under the doctor's control. You need regular blood tests for prothrombin that did not develop bleeding.


The complex well help folk remedies, herbs.
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