Advice 1: How to find out if I have clots

Thrombophlebitis is a serious disease that often leads to dangerous complications (heart attacks and strokes). If you suspect the possibility of thrombosis, should not delay to consult a doctor. To check the presence of blood clots in the body, there are special studies.
How to find out if I have clots
You will need
  • - examination of their lower extremities;
  • - doctor's consultation;
  • - coagulation;
  • - Ultrasound;
  • venography;
  • - plethysmography.
Instruction
1
Carefully inspect your feet. Blood clots most often form in the extremities. If you noticed seal and redness in the veins, palpable pain when pressing it is possible to speak of thrombophlebitis. Another symptom of this disease is increasing the skin temperature of the affected area. May be a sign of Romansa — during dorsiflexion stop there pain in the calf muscles. Please note, if a homogeneous skin of the lower extremities. Venous thrombosis can occur painlessly, but the legs will contain areas with swelling and a bluish tinge of the skin. Secondary symptoms of the disease is weakness, malaise, increased overall body temperature. Bedridden patients often develop phlebothrombosis of the deep veins of the calf.
2
Contact your specialist if you notice these signs. Most likely, you will be assigned a set of blood tests that will determine the state of the coagulation and anticoagulation systems, called koagulogrammou. The results of these analyses can be quickly diagnosed in time to notice the beginning of any complications, to accurately assess the effectiveness of treatment. These tests are carried out strictly on an empty stomach and reveal the level of platelets, prothrombin and fibrinogen, in your blood. In addition, you can assign ultrasound, plethysmography and venography. Instruments of high sensitivity can be defined as a blood clot, and the slightest disturbance of blood flow and filling defects in blood vessels.
3
Please note that you are in a risk zone (you have a predisposition to blood clots), if: you have observed pathology of blood coagulation; varicose veins; diseases of the heart and blood vessels; liver disease; autoimmune disease; postoperative medication, causing blood clots (e.g. warfarin); smoke.
4
Do not forget about the dangerous complications that can occur if the blood clot moves up the body. The most dangerous of them — sepsis (blood poisoning), and pulmonary embolism - can lead to death of the patient. So follow all doctor's recommendations and go through timely diagnosis.

Advice 2: What is a blood clot in the leg?

Venous thrombosis is manifested by the formation of blood clots (thrombi) in the veins. Usually, a leg clot that partially or completely clog blood vessels, leading to negative consequences.
What is a blood clot in the leg?



It is quite often a disease such as thrombosis of the veins of the legs. When the veins become clogged, the blood can not move freely on them. Because of the violation of the outflow of blood is her stasis with edema and blue discoloration of the skin in the place where a clot formed in his leg. Thrombosis may, in case of detachment from the venous wall lead to blockage of the lumen of the pulmonary artery. In this case there is a dangerous disease – thromboembolism.

Inflammation of a vein can also lead to blockage of the veins by a blood clot. Then there is the thrombophlebitis. Major signs of blood clot in the leg: swelling, pain, increased body temperature of the patient. Thrombophlebitis is often the result of varicose veins in the legs. Diagnosis of the presence of thrombosis is carried out on the basis of symptoms and conducting ultrasonography and venography, MRI.

Thrombophlebitis, where a blood clot forms in the leg, treated using medicines and remedies that can reduce svorachivanie blood. If the disease is not treated, it cut off the blood clot in the leg can get to the heart and blood vessels, which in practice often leads to various serious complications, until the sudden death.

Causes of blood clots several. Thrombosis occurs if, for example, a person is not moving for three days or more (for example, after surgery) or immobilized for a long time (for example, paralyzed patients during a long absence of motion). Also increased blood viscosity can cause prolonged dehydration. It can cause lack of drink in hot weather, burns, and various infectious diseases. Violation of blood coagulation can occur due to the presence of oncological diseases of various organs. Sometimes it can be congenital, that is acquired in the womb.

To prevent the formation of thrombosis to exclude major risk factors. If you have multiple risk factors, in this case, the doctor should prescribe a specific set of medications and methods that will prevent the development of thrombosis.

Among the risk factors are the following: old age, obesity, presence of tumors of various kinds, prolonged lack of movement in the legs for three or more days, long trips, air travel over long distances, pregnancy and recent childbirth, diseases and disorders of the cardiovascular system.

Sometimes thrombosis may be asymptomatic or may arise from a number of attributes. This can be swelling in the lower third of the leg (calf region), pain at motion, especially in flexion of the foot, increased sensitivity of the skin of the feet.

Treatment of thrombosis depends on such factors as the cause of the disease, age, etc. If the clot is securely attached to the wall of the vein, prescribe medication, and if there is a risk of separation, performed thrombectomy (surgical removal of the thrombus). In the presence of thrombosis, patients should comply with bed rest.

The acute form of thrombosis require immediate surgical intervention, especially for patients with diseases that directly threaten the functionality of the limbs. In other cases, it is advisable to conservative treatment after a full examination of the health status of the patient. The sooner you begin treatment, the better the result and less there is no negative consequences and complications of venous disease.


Advice 3: How to find out whether drugs are compatible

Many people are constantly or periodically used drugs for the treatment or prevention of various diseases. Usually it is not one remedy, but several. How do you know what drugs can be used together and which cannot? And why not?
How to find out whether drugs are compatible

Drug interactions



Drug interactions - a change of pharmacological and pharmacokinetic properties of the drug with simultaneous use of it with another drug. The action of drugs can be increased or impaired, as well as can create a "toxic mix". The following are examples of incompatible drugs:

"Aspirin + corticosteroids = increase toxicity Aspirin (it increases the risk of developing stomach ulcers).

Beta-blockers + antidiabetic drugs = hypoglycemia (up to hypoglycemic coma).

Treatment regimens



Everyone knows that you can't use a lot of different drugs at the same time. But in the treatment of some, particularly of chronic disease, with one drug do not. For each disease has its own treatment regimens, which consist of several components. In each there are means acting on the different causes of the disease.

For example, in the treatment of such diseases as pus (ulcer of stomach) there are several schemes. The first circuit includes a means for suppression of gastric secretion (Omeprazole), the antibiotic (Clarithromycin) for bolby with the causative agent and antimicrobial agent to prevent the development of pathogenic flora ("Metronidazole"). They allow the complex to deal with the problem.

Comorbidities



Many people, especially the elderly there are several diseases at once. And in the selection of treatment for each disease must take into account all applicable patient medications. For this doctor need your medical card, which spelled out all related illness and prescribed medicines for their treatment. Here, even taking into account all side-effects and contraindications of all medications.

For example, in bronchial asthma contraindicated drug to thin mucus when you cough - acetylcysteine ("NAC"), the reason for contraindication is the possibility of bronchospasm.

How do you know about compatibility?



First rule: you must use the drug only on prescription. He will pick the right combination when the "controversial issue".

Second, in pharmacy to come with the prescription or written recommendation of a physician in order to eliminate the error. It is possible to incorrectly pronounce the name, and in the chemists a lot of drugs with similar names, but completely different effect.
Thirdly, today on the Internet there are many sites where you can learn about the compatibility of drugs and even test all sorts of combinations.

Advice 4: How to find out if the drug in the blood

One of the most accurate drug test is the analysis of venous blood, since drugs and their metabolites can remain in the physiological fluid for up to four months after the last use. Tests for early detection of drug abuse can be spent in a hospital or private laboratory.
Laboratory analysis is a reliable method to determine the presence of drugs in the blood
A blood test can reveal the fact even one-time drug use in the period up to four months since the last appointment. However, this period depends on the physique of the individual, frequency of use and the specific drug. This test is much more accurate than the determination of the concentration of drug in the urine and, at the same time, more simple than the detection of drugs in hair.

Why it is important to determine the presence of drugs in the blood?



The exact definition of the fact of drug use is of great importance in evaluating the sanity of the actions of the individual. This can be useful when conducting forensics to specific objectives, determining suitability, and so on. Diagnosis the blood is performed in virtually all hospital laboratories, as well as in most private.

This analysis revealed residual concentrations of drug compounds, their metabolites, as well as natural antibodies to them. The latter are formed after the initial collapse of matter under the influence of enzymes in the body and also show about drug use. If the drug is in the blood, especially during prolonged regular use, its presence reliably can transmit and urine test.

Unlike a blood test, urine can be diagnosed for the presence of prohibited substances at home. Such tests are anyone can buy in the pharmacy. Most convenient to use multicast, allowing to identify the use of several drugs.

Types of blood test for drugs



There are so-called "Quarterly" blood test, also conducted with the help of chemico-Toxicological methods. Quarterly method is more focused on the identification of natural antibodies to drugs. This allows not only to determine how long have been using certain substances, but also investigated how often they were used. Effective against cannabinoids, cocaine, opiates, amphetamines, ephedrone, barbiturates.

Chemical-Toxicological the method is suitable for determining drug use over the last few days (72 hours). It does not apply to rapid methods of diagnosis, but has an official character and legal effect as evidence. Used for almost all groups of drugs, including alcohol.
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