When symptoms that give reason to assume the presence of thrombosis, the patient needs to be hospitalized. Using ultrasound to confirm (or refute) the diagnosis and establish the exact location of the clot, and how securely it is attached to the wall of the blood vessel.
If the attachment is weak, then a blood clot at any moment could come off the operation for its removal should be held as soon as possible. As a rule, in the vast majority of cases this surgery is successful and does not cause complications.
If clots cling to the walls of blood vessels, it is possible not to perform the operation, and try to dissolve them with the help of specially selected products. This is the anticoagulants, i.e. blood thinners and prevents it from clotting. You can also use thrombolytics (fibrinolitiki), the purpose of which is to destroy the blood clots. There are antiplatelet agents – substances that inhibit thrombosis.
Anticoagulants of the most famous and widely used "Heparin" and "Coumarin". Of thrombolytics (fibrinolitikov) – "Streptokinase" and "Urokinase". Of antiplatelet agents among the most well-known well-known "Aspirin" (acetylsalicylic acid). It is still widely used in the treatment of thrombosis due to its high efficiency and low cost. But, of course, it cannot be used if the patient has serious problems with the digestive system (e.g. ulcer). Then you should use other drugs-antiplatelet agents.
It is better not to bring the case to thrombosis, and to take simple preventive measures. This, above all, comfortable shoes, struggle with excess weight, the use of special elastic stockings varicose veins, regular walking, proper nutrition, avoiding harmful habits.