Advice 1: How to read a three-phase electric meter

Many apartments and private houses are three-phase counters that keep a record of electricity consumption. For unchecked indicators calculation for payment for electricity used in each month. This counter is established for accounting and control of legal consumption. To remove the testimony from the may employee of the utility or the consumer.
How to read a three-phase electric meter
You will need
  • - instruction to the counter;
  • calculator;
  • - a sheet of paper;
  • - pen or pencil.
Instruction
1
Take instructions and determine what you kind of the counter. There are presently many varieties of three-phase meters. Basically use only two types – electronic and induction. Compared to the e-induction has more advantages. The reason is that in the mid 90-ies they were installed in every home and in their lifetime has not expired.
2
Examine carefully the counter. Counters of different numerical indicators. They are three-digit and four-digit. In the first case the maximum rate is equal to 1000 kWh and in the second 10000 kilowatt/hour. Upon reaching 999 or 9999 kWh indicators fully reset, and counting of consumption starts from zero. Consider these features before remove the performance.
3
Determine the amount of electricity consumed. To do this, take the figure for the previous month and subtract it from the current. This way you will get the amount of electricity consumption for the current period since the last payment. Write it on a sheet of paper.
4
Put the result in monetary unit, i.e. the amount that you should pay. To do this, multiply the difference will be levied on the existing price.
5
But sometimes such a situation when the testimony is necessary to remove when replacing counters. Most often it is replacement of a three-digit to four-digit. In this case, summarize the old testimony and the new, the result multiply by the rate and in the end get the amount of payment per month.
Note
With self-removal indicators keep the receipts for the payment, otherwise you will not be able to take an accurate reading of watts used in a month. Not for the full payment of the used electric power, power company can produce electricity until full repayment of the debt.
Useful advice
It is best for removing indicators call in a specialist from the organ supply. It has all your previous records, and so you will be instantly presented with a bill for payment.

Advice 2: How to read the meter

Today I put the water meters in most apartments – they allow you to track the weight passing through your water pipe, and also save money on paying for hot and cold water. Also, the meter allows for timely water leakage – if there is a leak, you will notice that the arrows or red triangles do not rotate. In this article we will tell you how to remove the indicators from the counter to properly track the waste of water in your apartment.
How to read the meter
Instruction
1
The counters are divided into two types – a drum with a digital sensor and with the usual dial. Remove the performance counter from the drum sensor is very simple – improve the numbers of reels of long slits every month and compare the new number with the previous to keep track of water consumption in each month.
2
Subtract from the new number of the previous and get the desired result – the amount of water spent during the reporting period.
3
On the analog gauge has multiple dials. Observe the large arrow, which gives tenths of a cubic metre (100 litres equal to one-tenth).
4
On the small dial counting cubic meters (1000 liters). Other dials indicate the tens, thousands and tens of thousands of cubic meters of water. Consider those numbers across the arrow in the desired direction from 0 to 9 and count the total number of gallons of water wasted in your home.
5
To trace a leak in the pipeline, tighten all faucets and check for leaks in the water in the bathroom and toilet. Then look at the counters. All indicators should be in place – if some of the indicators are moving, that means in some place the water is leaking.
6
Your task is to find and eliminate the leak in the pipes that these leaks did not increase the amount of money that you pay for the water.
7
The measured pass subscription service for data conversion into appropriate amount of hot and cold water in the usual way, or through the Internet.
Note
At the end of accounting period (months) the owner needs to take readings of the water meter and report data on the consumption of resources to a specialized organization on the phone, via the Internet, with the help of some paper, etc. Besides the fact that this action gives much trouble to the landlord, with the increase in the number of installed water meters increased load on manual processing of information computing centres.
Useful advice
How to transfer readings of the water meter in Moscow via the Internet. To use the service, you must log in your personal account on the Moscow state services portal – create new account takes less than 2 minutes to choose service Reception counters hot and If the code is correct and the apartment is equipped with individual metering of water consumed, the user will be taken to a page to enter readings. Transmit the data during the reporting period, it is necessary to 3 the following month.

Advice 3: How to connect three-phase meter

Let's first understand, what is an electricmeter? This is a device that takes into account the consumption of electricity. The counters are: single-rate, dual-rate, three-tariff; single-phase, three-phase. Three-phase electric meter is a device for metering power in 3 and 4 wire networks three-phase alternating current with frequency of 50 Hz.Such three-phase meterand is installed to ensure consumers can connect more electrical appliances, the power of which not only 220 volts, but 380.
How to connect three-phase meter
Instruction
1
To install three-phase meter it is necessary to write the application to the organization delivering you with electricity. Connect the meter definitely needs a professional electrician. It is not only the requirement of the organizations that supply electricity, and the rate of security. Unprofessional connection counterand can be costly for the landlord, and to the mountain master.
2
Set Elektrothe counter where the wiring runs. All electrical wires that fit in the apartment connect to the input terminals of the electrometer, and output terminals - this is the separator electrical circuit, the electrical wiring of the subscriber.
3
Install the meter only in easily accessible locations for service on panels, boards, special cabinets, that is, on a rigid Foundation. According to the rules, the panel with the meterohms is installed at a height of not less than 130 cm and above 170 cm
4
Plomberie device. Makes this procedure the employee organisations that supply you energy. As soon as you seal the counter, you can do the wiring in the apartment.
5
If you had to install the meterwhere there is a risk of contamination or the space available for unauthorized persons, then the counter is better to install in a special Cabinet. This Cabinet has a window at the level of the dial and locks.
6
The presence of twists and rations in the wiring to the counter isnot allowed. The smaller section wires to the meteram 2.5 mm2 aluminum conductors up to 4 mm2. About counters at the wiring it is necessary to leave the ends of the wires at least 120 mm Before the meterOhm insulation on the length of the neutral wire of 100 mm should be different color. In the premises of the voltage in networks of up to 380 volts, you need to detach the counterand a special switching apparatus to a distance of 10 meters from the counter.
7
When installing the meter, ensure reliable, sturdy contact attached wires. Clanmovie the screws tighten 2 admission. If you use copper flexible wire, then do the pre-tinning solder. Use tin-lead solder, it will provide a more reliable connection. It is recommended that after six months of operation of the counterand cause the representative of the organization of electricity supply and check the terminal number contacts.
Useful advice
If you want to ensure that you have correctly connected the meter whether it was true his testimony, turn off all your appliances and see how the meter disk. If it does not rotate, the installation went well. It is possible to calculate whether the counter counts the consumption of electricity. Take the appliance which you know the power. Turn it on for 5 minutes and see how much energy he will spend. Compare the costs of passport data and counter. If the results differ, contact the organization that provides the energy.
The meter connection is a must, but we must make sure that the account most of the benefits.
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