Advice 1: How to measure temperature with electronic thermometer

Electronic (digital) thermometers are very popular today. They are safer than their mercury counterparts. Electronic thermometers show the measurement results on a special display, have a sound signal, automatically turn off and not fight. However, the temperature measurement of these devices have their quirks.
How to measure temperature with electronic thermometer
You will need
  • - electronic (digital thermometer).
Instruction
1
Prepare the thermometer to work. To do this, wipe the appliance with a damp cloth, press on button and wait until the sensor outcalibrate and the display will flash the characters Lo, and C. Note that at high temperature the air in the room (32°C and above) the sensor will show the temperature of the air.
2
It is believed that oral temperature measurement (in the mouth) is more accurate and fast. Place the thermometer on the side under the tongue. Throughout the procedure of measurement should not open your mouth to speak and move. The measurement time will be about 1 minute. The thermometer will beep once the temperature will rise less than a tenth of a degree for 15 seconds. Normal body temperature when so measured, is 36,6-37,1 °C.
3
Temperature measurement in the armpit (axillary). Wipe with a dry cloth the leather (it is important that the measurements were not wet). Put the device in the center of the axillary fossa. For proper contact of the sensor with the skin, push the arm against the body and hold it in this position until the end of the measurement. Time axillary measurement lasts about 1.5-2 minutes. After the tone, hold the thermometer for some time. Remember that the temperature in the axilla to below half a degree, than under the tongue.
4
Rectal measurement. Conduct this measurement only if it is prescribed by a doctor or other types of measurements impossible. Enter the sensor of the thermometer into the anus by 1.5-2 cm measurement Time is 1 minute. Normal values of rectal temperature measurement method are considered 36,9 – 37,4°C.
Note
Remember that the temperature of the body can change under the influence of different factors. So under heavy load (running, active games), the temperature can rise to 37,5°C.
Useful advice
For very young children there is a special electronic thermometers-nipples. The measurement results are reflected in the display.

Advice 2: How to measure temperature in the mouth

Knowledge of the temperature of the body allows to assess the patient's condition and make an accurate diagnosis. However, the traditional measurement in the armpit has some error, besides it takes a lot of time. Oral method of measuring temperature gives fast and accurate result.
How to measure temperature in the mouth
Instruction
1
To measure the temperature in the oral cavity use only pure medical thermometer. There are two types of such devices: one has a long pointed end, the other short and rounded. The accuracy of their testimony is no different, however, with this method of measurement is more convenient to use a thermometer the first type (the second is used to measure rectal temperature).
2
Rubbing alcohol tip of the thermometer and place it under the tongue on either side of the frenulum. Tightly close your mouth to avoid contact of the thermometer with cold ambient air. Keep in mind that readings will be inaccurate if you have been drinking hot or cold foods less than half an hour before the measurement. Smoking immediately before the procedure also reduces the accuracy of the result.
3
Measure the temperature about three minutes. Usually, this is enough time to obtain reliable results.
4
Rate measurement result. Keep in mind that the temperature in the mouth above 0.3-0.5 degree than in the axilla, so the value to 37.3 is normal.
5
Again disinfect the thermometer with alcohol and pack it in the plastic case that usually comes with the device.
Note
Do not measure in this way the temperature in children under the age of 5 years. They may inadvertently bite the delicate tip of the thermometer causing the mercury contained within, would first come into the mouth, and then in the digestive tract. For the same reasons, this method of temperature measurement is not suitable for people with unstable mentality.

If you have difficult to nasal breathing, refrain from oral temperature measurements. An increase in the frequency of the respiratory movements affect the accuracy of the result.

Advice 3: How to measure temperature in the mouth

The increased body temperature testifies to the pathological processes occurring in the body. This figure has important diagnostic value. The oral method of temperature measurement for precision and speed superior to the traditional method of measurement in the armpit.
How to measure temperature in the mouth
Instruction
1
To measure the temperature in the oral cavity, use a mercury thermometer with a long pointed end. Treat it with an alcohol solution and place on either side of the sublingual frenulum. During the procedure, breathe through your nose and don't talk, otherwise the indications of the thermometer will be inaccurate due to exposure to low ambient temperature.
2
Remove the thermometer after 3-4 minutes. The temperature in the mouth is different from the temperature in the armpit by about 0.5 degrees, so a slight excess the mark of 37 degrees is acceptable. If the thermometer is above 37.3 degrees, you need to contact the doctor to find out the reason for the rejection and recommendations.
3
This method of temperature measurement is not suitable for children of preschool age and people with unstable mentality. Accidental damage of the glass tip of the thermometer is unsafe. Replacement for the mercury thermometer is an electronic thermometer that allows you to take temperature readings in seconds.
4
After preprocessing of the tip of the electronic thermometer with the alcohol place it in your mouth the same as you would with a mercury thermometer. Speed measurement in this case will be much higher. Already after 15-30 seconds (depending on the model of the thermometer in 60 seconds), an audible signal indicating that the measurement is complete.
5
After using the pack the thermometer in a plastic case which comes with both mercury and electronic thermometers.
6
Temperature measurement in the mouth immediately after eating is pointless. The result will depend more on the temperature of food eaten than on the objective condition of the person. Smoking may also distort the result. If there is no opportunity before the procedure to wait at least an hour, refrain from measuring the temperature orally.

Advice 4: How to measure the temperature

In the event of symptoms and the first sign of a cold your hand always reaches for the thermometer to measure the temperature of the body. The increase in temperature can be caused by the presence of inflammation in the body. So what is the thermometer to select and how to correctly measure the temperature of the body?
How to measure the temperature
You will need
  • - a thermometer;
  • - alcohol;
  • - napkin;
  • - vaseline.
Instruction
1
The right temperature will help you to understand and develop the correct tactics of patient care. Very easy to determine the presence of elevated body temperature, simply attach the inside of your wrist to the forehead or body of the sick. Though this method is very subjective, but in the absence of a thermometer can be used. It is important that the person measuring the temperature, was healthy, otherwise he can not feel the rise in temperature of the patient.
2
To measure temperature using a thermometer. In daily practice there are several different types of thermometers: mercury, liquid alcohol or electronic. Mercury thermometer allows you to measure the temperature accurate to tenths of a degree (the only downside is the shaking before each use), liquid the thermometer is not always accurate, so use them rarely. Electronic thermometer is very convenient and easy to operate, quite accurate.
3
Surely you know that the normal body temperature is the measure of 36.6 degrees. In fact, the normal temperature varies depending on the area of the body in which it is measured. In the armpit temperature of a healthy person close to 36.6 degrees, but when measured in the rectum or mouth it can be of 37 degrees or more.
4
Before you put the thermometer, wipe the armpit with a tissue. Shake the thermometer to readings of 35 degrees and install it so that the mercury column in contact with the body on all sides at the deepest point of the armpit. Keep the thermometer tightly to the skin and the air did not get into the axilla. To do this, push the elbow and shoulder to the body. Time of temperature measurement – 10 minutes.
5
To measure temperature in the mouth, pretreat the thermometer with alcohol. Shake it (if you are using a mercury thermometer) and place on the side of the sublingual frenulum. Close lips to avoid contact of cool air with a thermometer. Don't move and don't talk during the procedure. Remove the thermometer from his mouth in five minutes and evaluate the measurement results. Remember that the normal temperature in the oral cavity is approximately 37.3 degrees.
6
To measure the temperature in the rectum, use a separate thermometer and follow this procedure in the morning, before getting out of bed. Lubricate the thermometer tip with vaseline and gently insert the narrow part of the anal opening. Take measurements for five minutes. The normal temperature in the rectum is 37.3-37.7 degrees.
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