In accordance with applicable labor laws a work is considered to be the time during which the employee must perform their duties in accordance with the terms of the employment agreements, internal labor regulations, adopted by the company. In addition, the working time is the number of other periods in which the employee actually performs the duties.
Equal to the operating time periods during which work is not performed, but their functional purpose and features of the technology allow us to treat them read. These periods include, for example, the breaks for feeding a child provided during the working time; breaks for meals at the workplace (do not confuse these spaces with the usual lunch breaks that work time is not considered); rest between shifts for shift workers and others.
The identification of the specific periods that relate to the work of time, is an essential element of the employment relationship, as it was in those periods, the employee and the employer to perform their duties, for disciplinary violations at this time the employee can be prosecuted. Rest periods are considered personal time of the employee during which the instructions of the employer do not apply.
The normal length of the designated working time defined by law, it may not exceed forty hours per week. Deviation from this rule is allowed only in strictly defined cases (for example, for workers with irregular working day, at attraction to overtime work).
There are three types of working time, each of which applies to certain categories of employees: the normal duration of working time, part-time working, reduced working hours. Thus, the reduced time of performing work duties, the company must have set for some categories of employees (minors, the disabled and others). Sometimes an employee moves from one form of working time in the other in connection with certain circumstances (e.g. woman in connection with pregnancy is established part-time work).