Advice 1: How to pronounce the word "catalog"

Selecting the right accents in Russian words depends on different reasons - sometimes you should rely on the language from which is borrowed the word, sometimes the stress is due to the grammatically (depending which part of speech is the word), some words just need to remember.
How to pronounce the word "catalog"
Instruction
1
The word "catalogue" comes from the Greek katalogos means "list, list". In Greek the shock here is the second syllable. In many European languages borrowed this word from the Greeks, decided to keep the emphasis of the original.
2
However, in the Russian language unambiguously adopted another variant of pronouncing the words "directory", namely with the accent on the last syllable. Use this accent, no matter what kind of catalog you may say: alphabetical catalogue, catalog, catalogue of the exhibition.
3
This pronunciation is the only correct one, unlike, for example, words such as "cheese", "maiden", "expired", where it is permitted as accented on the first or on the second syllable. Note that such words in the Russian language is very small, and for most, still there are strict rules regarding the production of the stress. Interestingly, even many librarians insist on a mistaken pronunciation of the word "directory" with the accent on the "a" of the second syllable.
4
Also the accent on the vowel "o" and the adjectives derived from this noun: a drawer, catalogue card.
5
To make it easier to remember which syllable is stressed in the word "catalogue", memorize a short richly rhymed the phrase: "Banderlog dragged directory." Another version of the poem for memorization:

We say "directory",
Shock here – the last syllable!
6
Learn from group of similar words, stress which is often in doubt. In the same way as in the word "catalogue", the last stressed syllable is the standard for words like "contract", "call", "portfolio", "quarter" and some others.
Useful advice
In cases where you doubt the correctness of the accent, use pronouncing dictionaries, which tell the correct pronunciation of words. In many of these dictionaries especially there are cases of stress-causing debate.

Advice 2: How to put the accent in the word "catalog"

In spoken language the emphasis in the word "catalogue" is different: then the second, then on the third syllable. Which variant is the correct one, and what the accent corresponds to the standards of the Russian language?
How to put the accent in the word "catalog"

How to "directory" with the accent on the third syllable

All the dictionaries of modern Russian language agree that the only true option for the production of the stress in the word "catalogue" in all values is the emphasis on the letter "O" on the third syllable. Some authors of dictionaries are aware of the prevalence of errors with the accent on the "a", even by themselves, indicate that the pronunciation of "catalogue" is incorrect.

Moreover, the stress on the second syllable is retained in all case forms of the word as singular or plural: directory, directories, catalogues and so on.

Why the word "catalogue" is much emphasis on the third syllable

Incorrect pronunciation of "directory" with the accent on the second syllable is very common. Some people accustomed to put the stress exactly sometimes trying to "theoretical basis" for his mistake, referring to the source language of the word, Greek.

Indeed, the word "catalogue" comes from the Greek katalogos, which translates as "list" or "list". This word is formed from kata ("down") and logos ("word" or "account"), and in the Greek the emphasis on the second syllable. In many languages the stress when borrowing is preserved. However, not everywhere. So, in the French word catalogue and Katalóg German accent in this word falls on the last syllable.

Version linguists about what language it's in Russian, the word "catalog" at variance: some believe that we borrowed it from the Greek; others that it came to us from Western European languages, with the accent on the last syllable.

It should be noted that when borrowing the word stress is not always remains in the same place as in the language of the source, so putting in the word "catalogue" the emphasis should still according to the rules of Russian, not Greek.

How to memorize the right accent "catalog"

In order to memorize the pronunciation of "oshibaetsya" words, you can use short poems-napominalki, the rhythm of which will suggest the correct accent. For example:

We say "directory",

Accented on the third syllable.

Or this:

Using high style,

We say "directory".

Another option:

Here's something to remember the knot:

Pronounced "catalog".

Can be used to mark stress in words and sentences, where "complex" the word is surrounded by words-neighbors, the accent which falls on the same syllable. For example, "Banderlog dragged directory"or "Write a blog about the directory. You can come up with such absurd words and short stories, they are well remembered. For example: "the Shooter committed fraud, didn't pay tax, and what is the epilogue? His obituary is listed in the directory.

These techniques will help you get rid of your doubts relating to the production of the stress in the word "catalog" and other "questionable" words of the Russian language.

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