Advice 1: How to put the accent

Literate and educated person can be immediately recognized by its beautiful literary language. Such people are pleasant to listen to, and spend time in their company - interesting. If you decide to work on improving his speech, know that to learn how to put the accent is not difficult.
How to put the accent
You will need
  • pronouncing dictionary

The emphasis is the selection of one of the syllables of the words that have the greatest effect. Literary speech implies observance of certain rules, including in the accent. However, the Russian language has no clear instructions for this reason. The emphasis in it, unlike many other languages, free, or floating. Unlike the French, where, under the rules, the accent always falls on the last syllable, in the Russian language, the accent may fall on any of them.
If Russian is your native language, then most likely you have no problems with the accent. Words are pronounced as themselves, the way you remember them sounding in my childhood. Think about the correct accent you only then when you hear from someone warped sound or will come across the new word.
To determine on which syllable should the stress fall, put the back of your hand under your chin and say the word. On what syllable of your chin touches the palm, he style and will be very busy.
However, the Russian language has special words, proper accent which always raises questions. Such words only 20 and they are called exceptions.
Most often, the wrong emphasis is in the word "calling". You have to remember, codrenii in words with this root, always put the letter "I". Another tricky word in the Russian language - the "contract". In this word the emphasis is always placed on the last "o". The word "beautiful" can also cause difficulties. Here the emphasis falls on the letter "I". To remember these words is quite simple: write them and often read aloud.
Difficulties with the accent calling and foreign language words. In order to place them in the accents correctly, you need to remember that the emphasis often remains on the syllable which was a shock in his native tongue.
Most often refer to spelling and orthoepic dictionaries to clarify word, the accent in which is causing you difficulties.
Beautiful, competent speech significantly affects the image of a person. In their native language you just have to speak correctly, since errors in pronunciation of words, greatly reduce the culture of communication.

Advice 2: Where you put the emphasis

The emphasis in the Russian language is not fixed, meaning it always falls on a specific syllable, as in Hungarian or Finnish. Certain rules of how to put the accent, too, does not exist, so the issues of Russian pronunciation are often concerned not only foreigners, but also of native speakers.
Where you put the emphasis
Often people hearing Russian language since childhood, I believe that they have no problems with the placement of the emphasis. But is it? Check whether you pronounce the words that are the most "problematic": the alphabet, pamper, rattling, religion, witch, dispensary, rust, call, Icon, catalog, mile, quarter, compass, misanthropy, a fair copy, Hugged, percent, centimeter, facilitate, dowry, beets, convocation, inquire, focus, seal, force.The words "cakes", "ports", "bows", "sides", and in their forms, the stress always is on the first syllable. But the word "curd" can be pronounced as you're used to: there may be a dual location of stress. Then, where to put the emphasis, may depend on context: for example, the word "Atlas" it falls on the first syllable, if we are talking about the collection of geographic maps, and second, if you mean the fabric. Another example: typical man and a typical dance. In some cases, the Russian accent is subject to certain laws. For example, in short of adjectives the emphasis is on the first syllable, but in the form of units in the number of female usually falls on the ending: merry – cheerful – cheerful; stupid – stupid – stupid; started – started. This applies to verbs of the past tense feminine singular. number: take – took, lived – lived, Lil – Leela. But there are exceptions: laid, steal, etc. Sometimes prepositions (over, under, in, on, from, without) take stress on themselves, leaving unaccented the following noun after them. Examples: water, hand, hundred, feet, on the sea, From the nose, to night, the hour, etc. But such rules are few. In most cases, the emphasis in the words you have to memorize, and if in doubt, it is best to check yourself in the dictionaries. Among them there are those that are completely devoted to pronunciation – pronouncing. But if that hand was not, the emphasis in the words, you can check for any other dictionary, for example, spelling or sensible. You can also use the online resources.

Advice 3: How to put the accent in the word "wholesale"

The word "wholesale" is among the so-called "oshibaetsya" words: his writing usually does not cause problems, but the pronunciation often mistakes stress.
How to put the accent in the word "wholesale"


"Wholesale" is the right accent

In modern dictionaries of the Russian language regulatory recognizes only one accent in the word "wholesale" is on the second syllable. And this rule applies to all case forms of the adjective, of all sorts and numbers. For example, "to engage in wholesale procurement", "the complexity of wholesale trade", "wholesale prices".

No exception exists, therefore the accent on the first syllable, in any case can be considered as pronouncing a mistake. Some dictionaries even emphasize the inadmissibility of such pronunciation.

Оптовый - ударение и склонение

Why the emphasis in the word "wholesale" on the second syllable

The adjective "wholesale" – derived from the noun "opt. And this noun in all forms, the stress falls on the first syllable (e.g., "Wholesale"). Not surprisingly, in other words with the same root want to put the emphasis on his "usual" place.

However, in the Russian language in adjectives, formed from monosyllabic nouns, the accent often falls on the suffix or ending, and not on the basis of the word. For example, "glee" – "glee", "down" – "Down", "tiger" is "tiger", "bone" – bone" and so on. And the word "opt" is no exception – the formation of the adjective "wholesale" the emphasis has also switched from base to the suffix.

By the way, in older dictionaries you can find option of pronouncing the word "wholesale" with the accent on the last syllable, but with a slightly changed ending – "wholesale". For example, this form can be seen in the etymological dictionary Vasmer, published in the mid-twentieth century. Now, this form is outdated and the emphasis on ends is not normative. However, it is interesting that the option that you often hear in the speech – "Wholesale" (accent on the first syllable) _ and in that period it was not considered correct.


Advice 4: How to put the accent in the word "expert"

The word "expert" the emphasis is likely to cause trouble: this word belongs to the "oshibaetsya", and quite often you can hear the pronunciation with the accent on the first and on the second syllable. How do you correct?
How to put the accent in the word "expert"

What is the emphasis in the word "expert" and cognate words

All the dictionaries of the Russian language were unanimous that the emphasis in the word "expert" has placed on the second syllable, the vowel E is "expert". At this point such popular publications as the dictionary of Ozhegova or Dalja, spelling and orthoepic dictionaries.

The emphasis on the first syllable pronouncing it is considered quite rude by mistake, and some reference books (for example, Russian word stress") even emphasize the inadmissibility of such pronunciation.

The accent on the second syllable is found in all the case forms of the word: expert, experts, expert, and so on.

Эксперт - ударение и склонение

In the adjective "expert", as in the word "expert" the emphasis will fall on the second syllable: "Commission of experts", "expert opinions" and so on. Accent on the "e" will continue in slozhnosochinennyh words (e.g. "the examiner"). And the word "examination" the focus is shifted to the third syllable. The main thing you need to remember – the vowel "a" in the first syllable in such words is always unstressed.

How to memorize the right accent "expert"

In order to remember the correct pronunciation of the word "expert", you can use a proven mnemonic techniques. So, accent is well remembered by means of short couplets – when the rhythm of the verse itself "pushes" the correct formulation of the stress.

The word "expert" accent to remember you by using the following couplets:

Sealed our expert

Conclusion in the envelope.

Or this:

Waiting for the painter at the easel

Expert opinion.

To remember the correct pronunciation, you can recall the meaning of the word "expert". It comes from the Latin expertus (experienced), and an expert by definition is always a specialist in any of the areas. If briefly – "special." Therefore, you can remember that "expert – expert", which means that the second syllable in charge here, so the word "expert" the emphasis needs to fall to E.

Advice 5: How to put the accent in the word "Ukrainian"

Many believe that the word "Ukrainian" accent could be put on the "A" and "And" and the other option is the correct one. However, it is not in accordance with the rules of the Russian language is normative is only one option.
How to put the accent in the word "Ukrainian"


"Ukrainian" is the correct accent on the "And"

The authors of all modern dictionaries of the Russian language is recognized as correct only one option of the production of the stress in the word "Ukrainian" – on the third syllable, with the accent on the "And" – "Ukrainian".

In some publications (e.g., dictionary, Russian word stress" Zarva) even specifically noted that the option stress "Ukrainian" is incorrect. The pronunciation of this adjective with stress on the second syllable pronouncing it is considered an error.

Accent on the "I" is stored in the decline and change according to the gender or number: "Ukrainian borsch", "Ukraine," "Ukrainian literature, Ukrainian costume".

"Ukrainian" and "Ukraine" – accent on the third syllable

The name of the country – Ukraine, and also such words as "Ukrainian" or "Ukrainian" accent, in accordance with the norms of the Russian literary language is in the third syllable. It is also the only regulatory option that fixed both spelling and pronouncing dictionaries.

The emphasis of "Ukrainian" is an obsolete norm

The view that in the adjective "Ukrainian" accent can (or even should) fall on the "A" might be incorrect, but still easily understandable. The fact that the rules of pronunciation of words change over time, and in the past in Russian, the emphasis in the word "Ukrainian" was put on the second syllable. And it was only logical – in fact the old name of Ukraine sounded like "PoA", with the accent on the "A" in the second syllable.

Then the rules changed. Until the mid-twentieth century, many dictionaries of the Russian language recorded double the rate of stress in the word "Ukrainian" – as in the second and third syllable.

And "the Ukrainian" with the accent on the "A" (same pronunciation as "PoA") can be found in Russian poetry – for example, Osip Mandelstam ("...the roll call of trains,/ par / them stretched beeps"). And almost everybody knows the first line of the famous poem of Pushkin "Poltava": "the Ukrainian night...". It is often cited as an argument to people who think it's emphasis is correct. Classic can't be wrong!

Do – Klassik was not wrong, this pronunciation is not a poetic figure of speech and is fully compliant with the rules of the Russian language of the time. But since Russian language has changed significantly, and in the twenty-first century in the adjective "Ukrainian" emphasis should be placed on the third syllable.


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