If at the time of privatization of housing you were under 18 years of age, ask your parents to show you the ownership papers. Read the documents to find out, did you take part in the privatization. However, even in that case, if you are since one of the homeowners, the right to re-privatization, you retain
If for any reason you do not have access to documents confirming that you have taken (or not taken) participation in the privatization request to the FRS in your area. Get the extract from the unified state register, which must include all owners of privatized housing. To obtain the relevant information regarding the period prior to February 1, 1998, please fill out the appropriate application form to the BTI.
If you refused to provide information on your issue, use the services of one of the law firms that can help you for the appropriate fee.
Contact the passport office (the passport – for residents of Moscow and some other cities) and take the extract from the house register, which must be specified, and who were registered in the apartment (house) at the time of privatization and had a right to it.
Contact the tax office at the place of privatization and ask whether you to the list of home-owners are obligated to pay the estate tax. In that case, if you have not participated in privatization, the data from you to the tax inspection will be absent. Take a certificate confirming the absence of data about you as an owner of the property.
If you come from another city and are going to take part in the privatization of housing, will receive similar help still the address of registration.
Advice 2: How to know who is the owner of the apartment
Solving many property issues, sometimes we need to know the identity of the owner of a property. It is public information. And request it can be absolutely any citizen of the Russian Federation.
You will need
- • The statement in the unified state register
- • Passport or other documents for legal entities
- • Money for legal costs
This information is an extract from EGRP (Unified state register of rights to immovable property and transactions with it). It can be provided not only physical but also legal entities. To obtain this statement in three ways.
The first option is to personally visit the territorial Department of the Federal registration service. Write down the statement on the provision of information. You should have the document proving the identity, i.e. a passport (if you act as individual). For legal persons it is necessary to present documents confirming registration of the legal entity and the representative's authority. They must be certified by the signature of head of organization (or other authorized person) and seal. Address of the nearest branch view the official website of the Federal service for state registration, cadastre and cartography portal.rosreestr.ru (in the section "Offices and reception"). Then pay the state fee (for legal and natural persons it is different).
The second method is – send the application by mail. By post or electronic. Write a statement. Attach notarized copies of the documents and notarized personal signature. Send it all in EGRP (for email request should take the form of electronic document certified by digital signature).
The third way is to request a statement via the Internet. Go to the website of the Federal registration service, via the portal of state services of Rosreestr (portal.rosreestr.ru). Fill in the form. This method requires a digital signature (digital signature) in accordance with the Order of Ministry of economic development No. 180 of may 14, 2010. The statement is provided within 5 working days.
Sometimes in obtaining a discharge can be denied. The refusal must be provided within 5 working days from the date of application. This refusal can be appealed through the courts.
Advice 3: What to look for when buying apartments in the secondary market
The purchase of second homes, generally safer participation in a long and often risky joint construction. Perhaps this is why the majority of transactions of purchase and sale of apartments occurs on the secondary market. But knowledgeable realtors say that the Institute of bona fide purchase primarily protects the interests of the previous owner. This suggests that the buyer of a resale property you should know and pay attention to some nuances.
Signs of fraud
The first thing you should pay attention to the price. You must compare the price the vending of the property with an average cost per square meter of similar options in the same area. If the price of the apartment at least 20% below market, it makes sense to think. Clearly a low price may indicate the desire to quickly sell distressed homes. Very often, unscrupulous sellers of low cost justify the need of a quick sale because of moving, lack of funds for treatment and so on. Faced with this situation it is better to remember the saying about free cheese in a mousetrap, and several times all to recheck.
Another indicator is the number of sales of the apartments. Taking the extract from the Russian register or the house register, it is possible to learn in detail about how many times housing is passed from hand to hand. The frequent change of owners in a short period of time – a clear sign of fraud. Judgment on the protection of the rights of bona fide purchaser – wrongly. If ever the apartment was selected from the rightful owner dishonestly (forgery, threats, deceit, incapacitation, etc.), the buyer of this apartment will never be recognized as fair, even if the property before it was resold dozens of times.
Caution should be taken to the conclusion of transactions on General power of attorney, without the direct involvement of the owner. To check the validity of such a document is not enough. Even if it will be decorated perfectly legal, no one can guarantee that the Trustee, for example, is still alive and the buyer will not have to share an apartment with instant heirs.
The alarm signal should be news of a fairly large number of apartments sold at the same time in the same house. In that case, you need to take the time and learn about the history of the house, its accident rate, the presence of cracks, condition of communications, seasonal problems (flooding of basements, roof leaks, etc.).
So, it makes sense to verify information in the documents of BTI, with the actual condition and layout of the apartment. Because if the seller did not duly legalized by the ongoing refurbishment and renovation, payment of fines, registration of securities and the subsequent mess will fall on the shoulders of the new owner.
In addition, before entering into the transaction it is mandatory to check:
• the identity of the seller;
• whether he is married;
• the number registered and living in the apartment people;
• participated in the privatization of housing by minors;
• discharged if any of the apartment after 1995 in connection with serving punishment in places of deprivation of liberty, such persons can then apply for the apartment);
• on what grounds the seller has obtained the right of ownership of housing (especially if we are talking about inheritance).