Advice 1: How to make a graphics card

To make at home modern graphics card is impossible. But to build its demo layout anyone can DIY. It connects to the COM port of the computer and displays a black and white image on regular TV, not conflicting with the primary graphics card of the machine.
how to make a graphics card
Collect any level Converter to the COM port, for example, on the chip MAX232 or similar. If the COM port on your computer is missing, create a USB to COM Converter with output TTL levels, for example, on the chip FT232.
Take ATmega8 microcontroller. Make a note of it in the firmware of the following files:
Connect the terminals 8 and 22 of the microcontroller with the common wire, 7 and 20 - plus power. One capacitor with a capacitance of 100 nanofarads, connect between terminals 7 and 8, the other between terminals 20 and 22.
Between terminals 9 and 10 of the microcontroller, turn on the quartz resonator for 16 MHz. Each of his insights connect with the common wire via the capacitor 22 picofarad.
Make two chains, each of which consists of a diode 1N4148 (KD522) and a resistor (the cathode resistor). The first resistor should be 1 kω, and the other at 330 Ohms. The anode of the first diode is connected to the output 15 of the microcontroller, the second to the terminal 17.
Free terminals of the resistors connect together and then through resistor 56 Ohm connect to ground. A connection point of the resistors connect to the Central pin of the connector of the disconnected video input of the TV, disconnected from the collective antenna, and the annular contact of the connector, connect the common wire of a homemade card.
Pins 2 and 14 connect together and connect an output line of the Converter, which receives data from the computer. The Converter connect to the computer.
Power to the card feed from the Molex connector of the computer if it is from COM port (required 5 V, but in any case not 12), or directly from the bus power of the USB port if the device is running from him.
Set the jumpers between the common wire and the terminal 23 - 28 microcontroller in accordance with the following table:
Turn on the TV and the computer. On the TV, select the video input to which you connect a homemade card. After the computer restarts, launch any terminal program, select the port to which connected device (parameters set in accordance with configuration jumpers), and then output to port any Latin text. If done correctly, your text will appear on the screen.
A program that displays the text automatically, create yourself, say, in Python. Now you have a second graphics card running independently from the main one and allows you to display text to second display device independently of the main monitor.

Advice 2: How to determine which driver is needed for the graphics card

After installing the operating system, you need to install large amount of software, e.g. drivers for different devices, codecs, application utilities, etc. Most of the above can be found on the official websites on the Internet.
How to determine which driver is needed for the graphics card
You will need
  • A computer with Internet connection.
If you are going to reinstall the operating system, it is recommended to prepare in advance the drivers for all devices. This can be done using the program Driver Genius. It allows not only to search for drivers on the Internet, but also create a backup of the current system.
In the absence of the original disk with drivers, it is first necessary to calculate the name of the manufacturer and model of your video card. The easiest way to find and review the printout with the configuration of the computer which you received at purchase. Also you can find boxes from your computer, one of which will be specified in the model card.
If you want to know the model of the video card software, run the applet "DirectX diagnostic Tool". To do this, click "start" and select "Run". In the blank field type dxdiag (abbreviated name of the applet) and then click Enter or "OK".
In the opened window go to tab "Display". In the "Device" will display detailed information about the card installed, and in the "Drivers" — the version of the installed software. If the string "Manufacturer" will be the value "N/a" device not defined or not detected (integrated graphics card). To determine the model of the card you can use software Everest Ultimate Edition or SiSoftware Sandra.
Then you need to go to developer website: Nvidia and for ATI Select the model, OS version and click "Download" (Download). After loading the video driver, perform the installation by double-clicking the executable file.
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