The most famous are two types of pain: somatic and visceral. Somatic pain is a result of irritation of spinal nerves, which are located in the peritoneum. It most often occurs in pathological processes. Visceral pain is a process of stimulation of nerve endings. Typically, such pain is of a dull character, but may be in other parts of the human body.
Of course, the most common reason why there are cramps in the abdomen, is the reception of food, causing irritation of internal organs of the digestive tract. Usually it's salty, greasy, too cold or hot, spicy food. Some of the products stimulate the movement of stones in the gallbladder or its ducts that lead to colic.
Cramps in the abdomen can appear when the diseases of the spine, disorders of the thyroid gland, anemia, infectious diseases of the urinary tract, etc some medications (antibiotics, hormones, iron preparations, and others) often becomes the cause of pain.
Of course, first we need to determine the exact diagnosis. For example, consider classical cases, when the colic or cramps in the stomach. Pain in the pubic area (lower abdomen) in women indicates pathology of the urinary system (bladder, uterus, epididymis, ovaries). Inflammation of the pelvic organ accompanied by pain in the lower part of the peritoneum. Pain in the pelvic area is a characteristic symptom of menstrual cramps or endometriosis. Acute pains in the stomach can be a symptom of an ectopic pregnancy or menstrual irregularities.
If there is pain in the navel area, then this is a clear symptom of diseases of the small intestine, in the stomach – diseases of the digestive tract (esophagus, the stomach, 12 duodenal ulcer, etc.). Cramps in the stomach may accompany pneumonia, myocardial infarction. Pain on the right side subcostal space, which is greatly enhanced after intake of a particular food is a sign of gall bladder disease (cholecystitis, cholelithiasis). Acute abdominal pain on the left side pancreatitis.
Of course, in any case can not continue to endure the pain and receive various analgesics and antispasmodics, as abdominal pain may be the first symptom of a serious disease that can lead to death. Also, you cannot self-medicate to accurate determine the cause of pain. For example, many people are starting to use warm compresses, which help in one case and is absolutely contraindicated in the other.
Thus, to eliminate the adverse consequences, seek help from a specialist in the field of therapy and surgery. Very often the lack of timely aid in acute appendicitis can lead to serious consequences. This disease is accompanied by fever, sharp pain in the navel area (and then around the belly and the right side in particular). Often after an acute attack of pain subsides, but such an attack should be the cause of the emergency patient. The main way to eliminate the disease is surgical removal of the Appendix. Before the arrival of the ambulance and transporting the patient to the hospital in any case do not let the injured man food and drink that can aggravate the situation and lead to rupture of the contents of the Appendix.