Fracture of the toes can occur due to falling of a heavy object, strong direct blow, twisting or tucking the legs and in some diseases. Distinguish between open and closed fracture. The first bone fragments damage ligaments and skin and look out. In this case, you will not have any doubts about the existence of the fracture.
A clear indicator of a closed fracture can be unnatural finger position, e.g. if it is sticking or bent. Or probing under the skin of the bone fragments. The next symptom of a broken toe is abnormal mobility and bone fragments crunching (crepitus) at the slightest movement of them.
Besides the obvious signs of fracture, there are also relative. These include: pain, swelling, bruising, impairment of the function of your finger bleeding under the skin or a fingernail, a sharp pain on the finger at the slightest movement. The intensity of their expression depends on the localization of the fracture. For example, when fracture of proximal phalanx swelling will be much greater than if the damage distancing phalanges. A fracture of the big toe swelling may spread to the entire foot. The maximum manifestation of pain, swelling or hemorrhage may occur even after several hours after the injury.
Even if you have not observed the above-described signs of a closed fracture, but you feel the finger pain, immediately consult a doctor and get x-rays. Only with its help it is possible to reliably diagnose the presence of a fracture. After that you will have adequate medical care.
Upon the slightest suspicion of a fracture, try to immobilize injured finger. It will insure you against the risk of additional displacement of the fragments and, consequently, aggravation of the situation.
Advice 2: How to identify a broken toe
In the human skeleton about two hundred bones, and any of them under certain conditions may break. Most susceptible to bone fractures of the limbs, including the bones of the toes. Like any other, fractures of the toes can be open or closed. In the first case, when the bone shards tore the muscles and the skin, the fracture is obvious; in the second, there are a number of ways (relative and absolute) that allow to distinguish the fracture from a different kind of trauma: dislocation or injury.
Following trauma to the toe it is necessary to define a fracture or just a sprain. Fractured is extreme pain while movement bruised finger, and violation of motor function of the limb. It may be accompanied by edema and hemorrhage under the skin or nail of the finger.
Obvious signs are unnatural finger position, the crunch of bone fragments with pressure, and abnormal mobility.
Relative characteristics in varying degrees, expressed almost always, but depending on the localization of fracture, their intensity can differ significantly. There are cases when the pain syndrome is expressed is so weak that the victim did not even know about the existence of bone fracture. And only after some time (sometimes very long) increasing pain forced him to seek help from a doctor.
A fracture of the big toe has its own characteristics. As this finger is bigger than the other, consists of only two phalanges, and not three, like all others, and also tests the main load when walking, his fracture is almost always accompanied by sharp pain and swelling spreading to neighboring fingers, and sometimes the entire foot.
The diagnosis of a fracture of the toe is based on history, that is, through questioning of the patient and the comparison of the signs. After that, the doctor will establish the relative and absolute signs of. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient will be assigned to radiographic examination. During the adoption of the fracture will be assigned to treatment, which depends on the location and extent of damage.
At the first symptoms of a fracture immediately contact the doctor-traumatologist. Do not self-medicate, because the diagnosis can be put only by the doctor.
Advice 3: How to tell if broken tailbone
Fracture of the coccyx is severe trauma to the lower spine. It is accompanied by swelling, severe pain and inflammation. The main cause of fracture is trauma during childbirth, the result of a direct blow to the buttock or fall.
Symptoms of fractured coccyx
Learn about broken coccyx, can be characteristic symptoms. Signs of injury include pain, swelling and inflammation at the fracture site. Pain is worse during walking, the sudden movements, cough, they do not allow to sit in the correct position, the person begins to experience difficulties with defecation. External palpation detects abnormal mobility of the coccyx. Accurate diagnosis you can figure out after x-ray examination.
Sometimes a tailbone fracture can occur as a result of degenerative processes in the bones caused by calcium deficiency in the elderly.
To the provision of medical care can alleviate the condition of the victim, this should be a number of procedures. Lay the person so that the damaged area is not in contact with the surface, then give him an analgesic as a analgesic. When the pain subsides, take victim to a medical facility.
Treatment of fracture of the coccyx
Traumatology fracture of the coccyx is classified under the following types: jointed fracture, displaced fracture and without fracture when you change the position of the vertebrae. After accurate diagnosis an urgent need to start treatment, or may develop following trauma: wrong fusion of fragments, pieces of the coccyx, a violation of the process of defecation, disturbance of the functioning of the urinary system, squeezing and violation of functions of pelvic organs, cysts and growths on the coccyx, hematomas and abscesses, fistulas, blisters, difficulty when sitting or in motion, the deposition of salts.
Severe complications of a fracture of the coccyx are the pieces. They are identified by using x-ray, vaginal, rectal examination and magnetic resonance imaging.
Methods of treatment of fracture of the coccyx will depend on the severity and type of injury, as well as its complications. Conservative therapy is aimed at elimination of the main symptoms (pain, inflammation, swelling). With this purpose, the patient is prescribed painkillers and anti-inflammatory drugs, decongestants ointments, tinctures, compresses. In severe cases, the patient undergoes surgery to remove shrapnel.
The victim needs to stay in bed, eliminating any load on the spine. Under the tailbone of the patient is necessary to put a rubber mattress (circle). In the first days of therapy, the bowel movement should be conducted with the help of an enema. After the main course of treatment are appointed by rehabilitation procedures (massage, physiotherapy, exercise therapy, hirudotherapy, electro procedures).