Advice 1: How to determine that the toe is broken

Finger fracture is a very serious situation requiring immediate medical intervention and long-term treatment. Early detection of fracture and treatment to the doctor can save the victim from a lot of inconvenience. For example, an improperly healed bone and subsequent difficulties in movements.
How to determine that the toe is broken
Instruction
1
Fracture of the toes can occur due to falling of a heavy object, strong direct blow, twisting or tucking the legs and in some diseases. Distinguish between open and closed fracture. The first bone fragments damage ligaments and skin and look out. In this case, you will not have any doubts about the existence of the fracture.
2
A clear indicator of a closed fracture can be unnatural finger position, e.g. if it is sticking or bent. Or probing under the skin of the bone fragments. The next symptom of a broken toe is abnormal mobility and bone fragments crunching (crepitus) at the slightest movement of them.
3
Besides the obvious signs of fracture, there are also relative. These include: pain, swelling, bruising, impairment of the function of your finger bleeding under the skin or a fingernail, a sharp pain on the finger at the slightest movement. The intensity of their expression depends on the localization of the fracture. For example, when fracture of proximal phalanx swelling will be much greater than if the damage distancing phalanges. A fracture of the big toe swelling may spread to the entire foot. The maximum manifestation of pain, swelling or hemorrhage may occur even after several hours after the injury.
4
Even if you have not observed the above-described signs of a closed fracture, but you feel the finger pain, immediately consult a doctor and get x-rays. Only with its help it is possible to reliably diagnose the presence of a fracture. After that you will have adequate medical care.
5
Upon the slightest suspicion of a fracture, try to immobilize injured finger. It will insure you against the risk of additional displacement of the fragments and, consequently, aggravation of the situation.

Advice 2 : How to find out broken finger or not

A fractured finger occurs as frequently as a fracture of the other extremities and bones. Only here to break your finger you need to such extreme trauma, as in other cases. To identify a broken finger or not, making x-rays and visiting surgeon, all other methods are inaccurate and can not guarantee their truthfulness.
How to find out broken finger or not
Instruction
1
Dip your finger in cold water, if he began to turn blue, it means that the blood flow has subsided. The limb darkening can be a sign of fracture. If dislocated, on the contrary the blood rushes to the skin and the finger does not change its color under the influence of cold.
2
Try to bend at the joints. If the finger is stiff or not moving, faster go to the emergency room. The fracture is very dangerous, can cause serious complications without timely medical assistance.
3
Stir a finger , if you hear the crunch or feel the fragmentation, it is possible that it's still broken. There is no hope that it will heal itself, of course it's possible, but if a fusion will occur unevenly, you will have to break it in the hospital again and the cast for a longer period.
4
While fractures can rise body temperature. Measure it, but often this occurs already in the stage of accession complications to normal fracture. If not go to the clinic, you can earn gangrene or tuberculosis of the bones.
5
To diagnose without a picture will not become even an experienced radiologist, so homemade methods of determining fracture, there are only guesses. If the incident happened at the weekend - go to the emergency room, and if on a working day in the clinic. There you literally 20-30 minutes to take the picture and probably will say diagnosis.

Advice 3 : How to identify a broken toe

In the human skeleton about two hundred bones, and any of them under certain conditions may break. Most susceptible to bone fractures of the limbs, including the bones of the toes. Like any other, fractures of the toes can be open or closed. In the first case, when the bone shards tore the muscles and the skin, the fracture is obvious; in the second, there are a number of ways (relative and absolute) that allow to distinguish the fracture from a different kind of trauma: dislocation or injury.
How to identify a broken toe
Instruction
1
Following trauma to the toe it is necessary to define a fracture or just a sprain. Fractured is extreme pain while movement bruised finger, and violation of motor function of the limb. It may be accompanied by edema and hemorrhage under the skin or nail of the finger.
2
Obvious signs are unnatural finger position, the crunch of bone fragments with pressure, and abnormal mobility.
3
Relative characteristics in varying degrees, expressed almost always, but depending on the localization of fracture, their intensity can differ significantly. There are cases when the pain syndrome is expressed is so weak that the victim did not even know about the existence of bone fracture. And only after some time (sometimes very long) increasing pain forced him to seek help from a doctor.
4
A fracture of the big toe has its own characteristics. As this finger is bigger than the other, consists of only two phalanges, and not three, like all others, and also tests the main load when walking, his fracture is almost always accompanied by sharp pain and swelling spreading to neighboring fingers, and sometimes the entire foot.
5
The diagnosis of a fracture of the toe is based on history, that is, through questioning of the patient and the comparison of the signs. After that, the doctor will establish the relative and absolute signs of. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient will be assigned to radiographic examination. During the adoption of the fracture will be assigned to treatment, which depends on the location and extent of damage.
6
At the first symptoms of a fracture immediately contact the doctor-traumatologist. Do not self-medicate, because the diagnosis can be put only by the doctor.

Advice 4 : How to determine broken finger

Often after injuries of the arms or legs there is a need to decide whether a broken finger, because the answer to this question depends not only on the patient's condition and the measures that will help him to ease into the moment, but forecast future work.
How to determine broken finger
Instruction
1
There are jobs for which health fingers or feet plays a significant role in professional well-being and career. This can include professional athletes, dancers of different styles, musicians, programmers, compositors – the list could be very long. And for the average person important, timely medical care, which will allow to avoid many problems.To determine the possible fracture of a finger of an arm or leg it is important to remember the circumstances and mechanism of injury, examine the victim and only then make the decision. But best of all at the first opportunity to address to the traumatologist or the surgeon who will conduct the inspection professionally and give direction on x-rays of the injured limb, which can eliminate all the problems.
2
Most often, a fracture occurs when you fall of a massive heavy object on the hand or foot (there is a crushing of the bone), with a twisting motion (there is a comminuted fracture), and much less at direct hit (there is a simple fracture or welding debris at each other).
3
During the inspection, the victim complains of severe pain at the site of injury, inability of motion, swelling or hematoma, with maximum manifestation of these phenomena possible a few hours after the injury. When you try feeling the fracture site patient complains of increased pain, but when you try pulling the damaged finger or tap it on the tip there is a sharp unbearable pain. Often under the skin it is possible to probe at least one or more fragments, and their displacement can be quite large due to the strong tendons of the muscles of the limbs.
4
Edema and hematoma continues to grow for several hours after the injury, and the next morning damaged a finger often is like a hot dog, or sausage, and the patient noted a gradual increase in the intensity of pain, after the broken finger, the blood and the swelling can not significantly shift above the place of the joint, which is located above the fracture.
5
That is why the increase in pain, increase in edema of the individual phalanges of the fingers, the development of a strong hematoma consultation of traumatologist and radiography of the affected limb, which will help to establish the diagnosis.

Advice 5 : How to know whether a broken nose

The human nose consists of a bony part and a cartilaginous part. The back of the nose is formed by nasal bones and frontal processes of the upper jaw, and the tip and wings of the nose are represented by cartilaginous tissue. Nasal septum in the anterior has a cartilaginous skeleton, and in the back - bone. Because the nose is the most prominent part of the face, then he injured more often than other formations in the facial area. 40% of all injuries in this region is trauma to the nose, including its fracture. How to know whether a broken nose?
How to know whether a broken nose
Instruction
1
Remember that a broken nose is always accompanied by bleeding, sometimes profuse. One should not forget that not in all cases, a nosebleed means that the nose is broken.
2
Touch the nose. If you felt a pronounced pain syndrome, it could be a sign that the nasal bone is broken. In this case, you must urgently seek medical care.
3
As a rule, when the fracture of the nasal bones, a strong swelling in the field of application of impact. Over time, you may also bruises under the eyes, they are called a symptom of "points".
4
Please note on the nose. It can change form, there is a displacement or retraction. Nasal breathing at this point can become difficult in the most severe cases, even impossible).
5
At the first suspicion on a fracture of the nasal septum, be sure to deliver the victim in medical institution. Diagnosis of fracture of the nose begins with a medical examination, which reveals the nature of the injury.
6
By visual inspection the doctor can determine the change of shape of the nose and edema at the point of impact. Palpation (feeling) may be determined crepitus fragments (crunch) as well as pronounced pain.
7
If there are no visible signs of displacement of the nose, of the victim for the accuracy of the diagnosis should be sent for x-rays of the nasal bones in lateral projection. After further diagnosis (offset or not) the issue of conducting the reposition of the bones (that is, "reposition", installation of fragments of bones in place) and the further course of treatment.
Note
In any case, do not try to straighten the nose yourself.
Useful advice
If the damage of the nose to the medical examination necessary to apply cold. This will help to remove swelling and slightly reduce pain.

Advice 6 : How to check for broken rib

Fractured ribs can occur due to compression of the chest, a fall or a direct blow to the chest. A rib fracture is a severe and painful injury, can lead to damage of the chest. If you've had chest trauma, you need to install, broken rib or not, to avoid the consequences of the fracture.
How to check for broken rib
Instruction
1
Suspected rib fracture occurs when after the trauma of the chest there is a number of symptoms. If you feel pain at the point of impact, which increases with deep breaths, coughing and sneezing is an indirect sign of fracture. As a rule, at the site of injury visually determined the bruising and swelling on palpation determined crepitus. Posture when the fracture is often involuntary, movements stiff.
2
Displacement of fragments in fractures of the ribs are rare. However, the sharp edge of the chip might damage the parietal pleura and even the lung tissue. The consequence of injury is a pneumothorax, which is clinically manifested superficial breathing, shortness of breath and cyanotic skin. If these symptoms are present – most likely a rib fracture with displacement.
3
If the above signs are added the symptoms of internal bleeding, so the broken rib has damaged the intercostal blood vessels. Signs of bleeding in plevralnuu cavity is a violation of respiratory function and General symptoms of bleeding: weakness, dizziness and drop in blood pressure.
4
The only reliable way to know if a rib fracture is to do an x – ray. Specify precisely on the injury, it will help to obtain a more informative result of the survey.
Note
X-ray should be done immediately after the injury, the delay is fraught with complications.

Advice 7 : How to determine broken rib

Rib fracture is the most common injury of the chest. It can occur due to a direct blow to the chest, strong squeezing of a thorax and in the fall. With age, the ribs become less elastic, so they break down more often in the elderly. By itself, the broken rib are not dangerous, danger is accompanying damage to internal organs. That is why it is very important to determine whether broken man, injured her chest, a rib.
How to determine broken rib
Instruction
1
To determine whether the edge is broken the person just by looking at the damage to his chest, quite difficult. Accurately identify the presence or absence of a fracture is only one way – by making an x-ray of the chest. Suspect a rib fracture is still possible on several grounds.
2
If after the trauma of the chest, you felt a sharp pain in the chest, which becomes even stronger when touching the injured place, it is likely that you have a broken rib or two. Moreover, pain and discomfort in the chest area can increase the traffic and to subside in a sitting position.
3
Chest pain in the rib fracture may worsen with a deep breath, sneeze or cough. Man with a broken rib can be painful to laugh, and sometimes to speak.
4
To determine whether the broken rib, it is possible to observe the behavior and condition of the person. Rib fracture is accompanied, as a rule, a violation of not only breathing, but also heart rate. The skin may be pale and acquire a bluish tint.
5
When rib fracture on the injured area of the chest may appear bruising and swelling. The movement of the person with a broken rib become inhibited.
6
The displacement of the fragments of broken ribs is very rare. To suspect you may the emergence of pneumothorax (accumulation of air in the pleura), manifested by dyspnea, weak shallow breathing, cyanosis of the skin. If in addition to these manifestations you notice signs of internal bleeding (dizziness, weakness and drop in blood pressure), then the wreckage of the broken ribs damaged blood vessels.
7
Hemoptysis can develop in the case, if debris damaged the ribs can injure the tissue of the lungs.

Advice 8 : How to distinguish a sprain from a dislocation

People who lead a very active lifestyle in sports or love extreme activities, often receive such injuries as sprains and stretching. And ordinary people are not immune from unintentional falls. At risk are even musicians or cashiers, who have long overtaxed separate groups of muscles and ligaments, and can "earn" tension and even joint dislocation. Therefore, to distinguish the injury between them, to provide the victims if necessary, first aid should every.
How to distinguish a sprain from a dislocation
Instruction
1
Stretching can occur when careless walking or turning, running, jumping, improper load on the muscle and in the fall. Stretching the muscles and tendons causes pain that typically is felt not in any one place, and the entire length of the muscle as well as muscle spasms and weakness, swelling and discoloration of the skin at the site of damage (perhaps not immediately, but on the second or third day after injury). But the severity of these symptoms depends on the intensity of injury. Trauma there are three degrees of severity of the sprain.
2
So, if the damage is muscle or ligament small, the person has quite tolerable pain that increases with pressure or touch. Ligaments only hurt yourself or break is exposed to small amounts of them. In this case, the victim, for example, could go, limping badly.
3
At the second degree of stretching the victim feels more pain and, in addition, in the affected area occurs first swelling, and then swelling, as a result of which people can hardly move a limb. Unfortunately, over time the pain may worsen.
4
If there is a rupture of ligaments - strong, sharp or burning pain, the joint is unstable, the ability of the limb to the movement in General lost.
5
The presence of dislocation are recognized by such basic factors. The change in contour of the joint, this is especially noticeable when comparing with the same joint on the other arm or leg. The articular head is popping up from your usual places and you can feel the empty articular cavity. The bone shifted, and muscles contract so that the person is forced to keep the injured limb is not quite usual. For example, with dislocation of shoulder flexes the elbow and attaches to the side, and the head needs to tilt to the sore shoulder. If the lower jaw is dislocated, the mouth is not closed. With dislocation of the hip joint, the foot can turn his socks inside.
6
The victim is very strong, unbearable pain, which increases not only when he tries to make any movement, but if it is done by outsiders (for example, when providing first aid or when laying on a stretcher). Pain possible even loss of consciousness.
Note
Although external signs of stretching and dislocation are different, but the diagnosis can only surgeon. Moreover, in most cases, it still sends the patient for x-ray examination to confirm their findings and to exclude a fracture which may be complicated by any serious injury.

Advice 9 : How to determine dislocation or fracture

Dislocation and fracture occur when injury. Most often the main symptom becomes a sharp pain, swelling and dysfunction of limbs. Accurate diagnosis can put a trauma surgeon, immediately call for medical help.
How to determine dislocation or fracture
Instruction
1
Injury disrupted the integrity of the bone. In dislocation of torn capsule and ligaments, which leads to dramatic tension, changes the ratio of the articular surfaces and blocks movement in the injured place.
2
The fracture is characterized by the movement disturbed the integrity of bone. If the injury led to an open fracture, the bone fragments can be viewed through the damaged skin. At the site of injury appears severe swelling and bruising, after a while, they spread across the surface of the limb. When tapped, the patient feels a sharp pain.
3
The dislocation is characterized by pain in the joint. It changes its form, there is severe swelling. When probing you may find that the uneven surface of the joint, bulges are located at a small distance from each other.
4
The most obvious distinguishing feature is the fact that in dislocation never changes the shape and length of the limb, as there is only the displacement of the joints. Injury often changed the shape and length, especially if the fracture is characterized by the offset and divergence of the bone. However, when the dislocation is swelling spreads to whole the injured joint, while the fracture swelling appears directly above the site of injury and only after a considerable period of time extends to the whole joint.
5
Dislocation and fracture is a serious injury. Do not attempt to straighten the injured limb. Take victim immediately to the emergency room. Only the surgeon on the basis of the results of the survey can supply accurate and reliable diagnosis. Any form of injury to the patient will conduct x-rays, that with 100% certainty will show the presence of a dislocation or fracture.
6
On the injured surface will impose a pressure bandage or plaster. If diagnosed with an open fracture with displacement, the treatment will prescribe inpatient.
Is the advice useful?
Search