Advice 1: How to determine the year of manufacture by the body

Often when selling the car, many car owners try to hide its real production date. But the year of the car can be found and a number of the body VIN, it is listed right on the machine.
How to determine the year of manufacture by the body
Instruction
1
Remember, the year of issue, usually determined by VIN, which meets certain international standards. But according to the number of the body you will not be able to determine directly the date of production machines, as it is possible to find out the model year.
2
Keep in mind that each manufacturer determines the numbers solely in its own way, therefore, the international standard VIN is only indicative. Plate is under the hood of the car. If the pointer is missing, then note the figure on the cross member under the bumper or front frame. Sometimes the room can be detected on the upper edge of the open hood.
3
Pay attention to the tenth position of the VIN, and it denotes the model year. If the car was released in 1980 or 2010 year, it will be the letter A, which corresponds to 10-mu to number. If the car 1987 yearand then will indicate H, however, the 1998 year will be under the letter J. the Machine, released in 1992, is N, in 1993, the yearu – P, 94 – R. the Car is 1997 yearand of issue is designated in the VIN code for the letter V. Then, since 2000, will be used for the numbering, and therefore if the machine was released in 2009 year, it will have the digit 9. Then goes again the use of the Latin alphabet, only without using the following letters: Y, O, Q, U and Z.
4
Use the special online service in the Internet to decipher the VIN code, if you still are unable to deal with the yearof om release. Also, do not trust only the number of the body, as it does not contain complete data on the production of the car. Therefore, in addition to the VIN check will also look and supporting documents, because they specify the exact date of release of the car.
5
Pay attention to electric wires and cables under the hood, because they also carry reliable information. Also look at the windshield, where the last two digits are yearom of its production, which must always coincide with the yearof om release. Of course, if it is not changed.

Advice 2: How to determine the environmental class of the car

Environmental class characterizes the car exhaust emissions containing harmful substances (carbon monoxide CO, hydrocarbons Cm Hn , nitrogen oxides NOx and particulate matter). As a rule, it is determined at customs (for imported equipment) and indicated in the title. On the basis of the verification of the brand of the machine with the database of the Ministry of industry, containing information about all produced in the world cars, the customs officer assigns the environmental class. According to Russian legislation, imported cars below 3 classand it cannot be operated.
How to determine the environmental class of the car
Instruction
1
Standards, Euroeuro 1 limiting the content of harmful substances in the exhaust of gasoline engines. In Europe acted in the first half of the 90s
Euro 2 compared to the previous classof om became harder 3 times. In Russia introduced in autumn 2005.
Euro 3 another 30-40% have tightened standards for emissions of harmful substances. Acts on the territory of the Russian Federation in January 2008 and prohibits the importation and manufacture of vehicles not complying with this class.
Euro 4 introduced in Russia since 2010. Operates in Europe since 2005.
Euro 5 plan to introduce in 2014 throughout our country.
2
To learn the environmental class of the car you have to know its VIN number. Knowing this number, you can determine the class, according to the database of issued environmental certificates. Baza posted on the website of the Federal Agency for technical regulation and Metrology (see references). The VIN number of the vehicle must coincide with the base not less than 9 first characters. Also must exactly match the engine number. If the database listed the car in 4 or 5 gradee, to confirm this fact (upon receipt PTS) show a printout from the website. In case if the first 9 characters are different ecological class, you should introduce a greater number of characters. If the search result has remained ambiguous, will have to be certified car
3
How to read certificate of sootvetstveno certificate. The certificate number letter designation up to the first dot indicates the country that issued the certificate. Alphanumeric designation after the first point – abbreviation of certification authority. The following letter code of the object of certification. Hereinafter, the internal sequence number of the certificate.
Date of issue of certificate: as of this date the car can be imported to the territory of Russia any day and only once.Following is the full information on certification, on the full name of the product (the car), its VIN number, type and engine size and its environmental classE. it is Reported, the requirements of which documents match the car. Also contains full information about the Complainant, about the firm-manufacturer, on the tests and measurements and on the submitted documents.
Useful advice
Environmental class can be found In-Drive and VINformer (see references). There you can learn the main characteristics of the car and to see with attachments

Advice 3: How to learn about the car on the chassis number

The chassis number or VIN is a unique code of the vehicle. This code is assigned at birth the vehicle and, thanks to him, you can find the full history of the car.
How to learn about the car on the chassis number
Instruction
1
Determine the location of the body. It is usually located on the dashboard in the upper left corner. It can be seen through the windshield. He also duplicated on the left front body pillar. However, in various models, there may be other options embed code, for example, under the hood, on the driver's door, etc.
2
Identify the first three characters of the VIN. The first will indicate the geographical area in which produced the car. The second character will designate the country's geographical area, and the third directly of the manufacturer or machine type. The third figure also shows the volume of the manufacturer, – if small, up to 500 vehicles per year, will be the number "9".
3
Find out information on the car's model, body type, engine, etc. in the following six signs of body rooms. The sixth digit is a check to protect against overcall VIN-code. It is always present only in the American and Chinese cars.
4
Consider carefully the last eight characters of the VIN, closing four of which must be numbers. In this part of the body number contains information about the model year, which coincides with the calendar year, and also about the manufacturer of the vehicle.
5
Use service that allows you to learn the basic characteristics of the vehicle through SMS by sending the serial number to a short number. You will receive several reply message containing the accounting information.
6
Enter the VIN in the American system Autochech and Carfax. They will give a complete report about the vehicle, including data on accidents, flooding, insurance claims, odometer, even the service operation, for example, taxis or police and many others.Dr. Unfortunately, these databases allow you to learn about USA and Canada.

Advice 4: How to determine the date of release of the car

Accurately determine the date of issue of the car sometimes you just need. Only by having all the information about the car to be conscientious seller put it up for sale, a knowledgeable and experienced buyer will agree to purchase the car.
How to determine the date of release of the car
You will need
  • - the documents of the vehicle;
  • - instructions to the vehicle;
  • - computer with Internet access.
Instruction
1
To check the year and exact date of release of the vehicle, use the identification number of the vehicle (VIN).You will be able to find it, first of all, the documents attached to the car. If for some reason, the documents view does not succeed, pay attention to the usual location of the VIN number. In a modern carx identification number is often attached to the top of the torpedo, driver side, near the windshield. Also, the VIN code can be found on the left front pillar or on the motor plate under the hood of the car.
2
Perepeshite the VIN number and try to find out through the database information about the year of release of the car. In our days this can be done through the Internet. Sites like http://www.vinfact.com/, http://vinexpert.ru/content/vin_besplatno_proverit and many others will help even without registration to decipher VIN code. The problem, however, is that often the model year indicated in the VIN, does not match the actual date of issue of the vehicle.
3
Open the hood of the car and find the engine number in which the manufacturer also usually specifies the date of production. If the information obtained as a result of figuring out the engine, again causing issues, you need to find the chassis number of the vehicle.
4
The serial number of the car must be fixed and use them later for a formal request to the traffic police. The traffic police has an extensive database which will be easy to determine the date of issue of the machine.
5
If when comparing several sources have yielded conflicting results, check the age of the auto with the study of marking various parts of the machine. Pay attention to the lower part of the safety belt in the cabin, rear shock absorbers, plastic lens taillights. With sufficient probability to determine the correct year of production would help the numbers printed on the glass of the cabin.

Advice 5: How to determine the useful life of the car

Term of useful use is established by the organization when posting a fixed asset to calculate depreciation. It was determined using the classifier OKOF (all-Russian classifier of fixed assets) and the accounting classification of fixed assets included in depreciation groups.
How to determine the useful life of the car
You will need
  • - classifier OKOF;
  • - classification of fixed assets included in depreciation groups;
  • - passport of the vehicle.
Instruction
1
Select the classifier OKOF section "means of transport". Each position of the classifier includes a nine-digit decimal digital code, control number (CN) and the name of the asset. The control number is used for the protection codes of the classifier.
2
Define code in the qualifier for the purchased car. In some cases, to determine the code require additional information about the car: engine displacement (for passenger cars) and loading capacity (for trucks).
3
Open the classification of fixed assets included in depreciation groups. For the selected code OKOF find the depreciation group for your car. Install the useful life of the car within the limits established for the depreciation group.
4
If you purchased the car for any reason, you cannot assign the code for the classifier OKOF, determine the term of its useful use alone. The General rules of its determination set out in paragraph 20 of PBU 6/01 "Accounting of fixed assets". According to them, the organization may establish useful life based on technical documentation to the asset, and considering his condition.
5
Place your order for signature of the Director on the establishment of the useful life of the car. In order to be linked to lack of information on this asset in classifier OKOF. The same local normative act establishes the useful life, if the organization took a car to rent. In this case it will be equal to the period of the lease.
6
Install the useful life for a used car considering the time of its operation from the previous owner. To do this, subtract the useful life determined by the classification of fixed assets included in depreciation groups, the amount of time the actual operation of the vehicle from the previous owner.

Advice 6: How to determine the year of manufacture of the engine in his room

When the owner of the car aims to determine the year of manufacture of the engine, some problems arise. Some argue that this can be done by its number, others that it carries no information. If you know that the engine is released along with your auto, you can determine the year of manufacture chassis number.
How to determine the year of manufacture of the engine in his room
You will need
  • - vehicle for which you want to determine the year of issue;
  • a computer and an Internet connection.
Instruction
1
Find your car VIN number (chassis number). It is every car, and with it, you can learn not only the year of issue of car and engine and other technical details, to its original configuration. Usually the VIN stamped on the car, its point under the hood or elsewhere of cars, but to find it you will also be able to the Datasheet.
2
Look at the symbol found VIN standing at the tenth position. It will either be a digit or a letter. This symbol is encrypted the year of the car. The letter a indicates that the car was either in 1980 or in 2010. The letter H denotes 1987, N – 1992, P – 1993, R – 1994 V – 1997 J – 1998 year.
3
If you found in tenth position numbers of a body figure, it means that your car was manufactured after 2000, with which numbering begins. Thus, if the vehicle released in 2003, you will find figure 3. In 2010, the numbering ends, and again uses the letters of the Latin alphabet. But now no longer uses the letters O, Q, U, Y, and Z.
4
Since each manufacturer is able to encode the year of issue, use one of the better online services. You only need to know the VIN number of the technical passport of the car, and to decipher it will be designed for this service.
5
You can determine the date of production and other parts of the car. Often it indicate the wires and cables under the hood. Most likely, the windshield has the same year of manufacture as the car, if it has not changed. Look at the number of the windshield. The last two digits indicate the year of manufacture.
Useful advice
If you decide to buy a car, you should not only trust the number on the back of the machine. Ask for technical data sheet and compare the VIN numbers listed in the passport and on the car. The VIN does not always indicate the exact date of release. In fact, there is a possibility that the car was released a year earlier, but that is the cost of production that does not reduce the significance of this number.
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