According to the labour legislation of the Russian Federation, the leave without pay is referred to as "leave without pay". Usually it is provided to the employee on the basis of his written application, and its duration depends on the progress with the employer agreement.
Obligations of the employer
The duties of the employer include providing unpaid leave to certain privileged categories of workers. So, for example, working pensioners, as well as the closest relatives of dead soldiers, can count on two weeks of extra vacation. For disabled employees are provided leave of absence for 60 calendar days.
All other employees must coordinate all details with the employer, who has every right to refuse their written statement. The time frame of unpaid leave can further be stipulated in the collective agreement. In education, the teacher has the right to one year leave without pay with 10 years of experience. In other areas everything will depend only on the consent of the administration.
While respecting family situations, which are usually related to the birth of a child, registration of marriage or death of a close relative, every employee is entitled to 5 days unpaid leave.
How to take vacation without pay
Even if the employer agreed to the extra vacation, in the General experience he is definitely not coming in. The only exceptions are the first 14 calendar days. According to the Russian Labour code, the employee shall advance two weeks to notify their superiors in writing about the need for additional leave. This rule also applies to those workers who refuse the employer has no right, or even one missed day will be considered truancy.
Leave without pay is always the initiative of the employee. If such a leave is sent directly to the employer, it can be regarded as a serious violation of the Labor code. However, remember that such "vacations" necessarily postponed the time frame of mandatory paid vacation. The lawyers usually advise to apply to this procedure only in case of extreme necessity, moreover, that the reason the written statement is mandatory.